Put a natural stone wall

Natural stone walls add a sense of originality to any garden design and set accents that blend in perfectly with the overall look of a landscaped garden. For natural stone walls there are different techniques to set them. Once a natural stone wall firmly connected with mortar or other glue. On the other hand, a so-called drywall. Since the walls of a natural stone wall are similar to the traditional building of a wall, we have below created a construction manual that you can set your natural stone wall as a drywall.

Properties that are placed on a natural stone wall

As the name implies, natural stone walls are made of natural rock. The rock types that come into question must be superficially weather-resistant and, above all, frost-resistant. It follows that primarily the following rock types are used as natural stone wall:

  • granite
  • greywacke
  • Basalt (conditional)
  • calcareous rock
  • quartz rock
  • sandstone

The special natural stone wall made of sandstone

Sandstone and calcareous rock are soft rocks that weather relatively quickly. Partly, this effect is quite deliberate, because in a planted wall of sandstone can form a valuable biotope. The planting of a drywall we explain here in more detail. In addition, there are also special features in building and grouting a sandstone wall.

Planting a Natuirsteinmauer already when setting

In addition, you can also plant any other dry-set natural stone wall. You should do the planting of the natural stone wall during the complete construction of the wall. Special features and plants for the drywall can be found here.

Set the foundation for the natural stone wall

If you use your natural stone wall as a drywall, you will need a foundation as with conventional walls. However, the foundation for dry stone differs significantly in its structure compared to the conventional concrete foundation for masonry walls. Follow the link and find out everything in detail about the drywall foundation. Therefore, in the following instructions, we do not go into so much detail for the foundation.

Step-by-step instructions for setting a drywall

  • natural stone
  • Building sand (foundation)
  • Gravel or gravel in suitable grain size (foundation)
  • Planting (if desired)
  • lean earth
  • Grab tool like shovel, spade, hoe
  • alternatively to mini excavators
  • wheelbarrow
  • Guideline with ground spike
  • Jogger (vibrator plate or manual compressor)

1. Preliminary work

Sort the plants according to the different areas and requirements: wall crest, wall joints, wall plinth, shady, sunny, partially shaded, dry.

You must also sort the natural stones for three areas: the top of the wall (the longest and most beautiful stones), the wall area (large main stones and small stones to tilt) and the wall base (the heaviest stones).

2. Cut out the foundation

Bury the foundation 10 cm wider than the wall base will be wide. Also at the longitudinal ends of the foundation should survive each 10 cm. Then you fill in the foundation marked with the guideline.

3. Set the foundation for the natural stone wall

Now the soil is compacted several times. After compaction, the sole is filled to 75 to 80 percent with the gravel or gravel and solidified again massively. Then comes a 5 to 10 cm thick Bausandschicht, which pull you smooth.

4. Place the masonry base of the natural stone wall

For the wall base, take the stones as you sorted them out before. Press the stones several centimeters into the construction bed. The butt joints should in no case become wider than two fingers (between the individual stones).

The butt joints are filled with mother earth, the inside of the wall can now also be backfilled to the wall base height. In addition, the plants for this area are already set.

5. Put the complete wall up to the crown

With the large main stones and the smaller stones for tilting the natural stone wall, you then also go row by row as in the wall base. After each row, fill the joints and the inside of the wall with mother earth.

Of course you also plant every finished butt joint already with your rock garden plants. When placing the stones, make sure that joints of individual rows never overlap, and the smaller stones are evenly distributed for tilting and the large main stones.

6. Place the masonry crown of the natural stone wall

Now the wall crown is set. For this you use the longest and most beautiful stones. The stones may be up to 5 times their height. For sandstone, note the layer of the stone. This must be lying, otherwise it can blow up the stone.

Tips & Tricks

If you use rough stones, you can of course rework them with a hammer and a chisel, so that they rest stably. Also, avoid any uplifted stone bulges where water could collect later. Especially in winter, water collected there could freeze.

The foundation is chosen in the construction mentioned, that underlying water can freeze in winter without it raises or moves the wall. The gravel has a capillary breaking effect.

Of course you can create a stone wall as a fence. The optimal construction technique would be the use of gabions, which we describe in more detail in the aforementioned link. Gabions are also suitable for other garden and even house areas.

Video Board: How to Install Veneer Stone