Number of accidents at work has risen slightly: how can safety be guaranteed?

Unfortunately, the latest news from the construction industry is not very pleasing: as Klaus-Richard Bergmann, chief executive of the BG of the construction industry (BG BAU) announced in Berlin on 27 July 2017, 104,820 occupational accidents in the construction sector were registered in Germany in 2016, subject to reporting requirements had been. Compared to the previous year, this represents an increase of 2,487 accidents at work. However, according to Bergmann, this was due to a general increase in construction activity. The figures of the Federal Statistical Office give the CEO right, but in building construction, an increase in building permits compared to 2015 in the amount of 5 percent could be recorded. With 1,000 employees, the number of accidents at work could even be reduced, with only 55.29 cases reported on average for this number of jobs last year - a decrease of 0.36 per cent. But even this development can not hide the fact that every accident at work is associated with personal suffering and financial losses. The question of safety on the building is therefore particularly important.

Safety on the construction: demanding task

The conditions on the construction are conceivably bad in safety terms: it is worked with large loads and heavy machinery, at the same time the structure can be made only provisionally, as for example in an industrial company.

Number of accidents at work has risen slightly: how can safety be guaranteed?: safety

Keep clear of driveways and identify dangers

For this reason, a so-called site set-up plan should be prepared before the construction work for the construction site. It then outlines which traffic routes must be kept free, where the building materials are stored or where connections for water and electricity are made available. In this way, unnecessary or too long paths are prevented in advance, which increases your work productivity and safety at the same time. In addition, care must be taken to ensure that the necessary first aid and first aid material are available locally. So-called first-aiders should be clearly visible by name and by telephone number. It is also advisable to provide a short illustrated guide to first aid in case of accidents. Such notices are often available free of charge from employers' liability insurance associations or professional associations.

Wear personal protective equipment

At least as important are personal protective measures so that accidents, if possible, have no serious health consequences. Body protection may include a cut-resistant and fire-resistant work suit, depending on the activity, a dust suit is the better choice. In addition, goggles with side protection are indispensable when working with heavy dust.

Number of accidents at work has risen slightly: how can safety be guaranteed?: work

Without safety shoes every step brings danger.

To reduce the risk of possible injury to the hands, use sturdy protective gloves made of leather or nitrile-coated cotton. In addition, it may be necessary for certain activities to set up a half mask with P2 filter. Such a mask also serves the often required dust protection.

In this context, of course, the protection of the feet is indispensable. Safety shoes with a protective cap not only prevent the toes from being crushed but are also resistant to liquids and many chemicals; including oil or gasoline. So you can not get around comfortable safety shoes in the common safety classes. Incidentally, one of the biggest dangers is hearing loss due to heavy noise. The wearing of hearing protection is essential for appropriate work.

High demands on equipment and resources

Further protective measures relate to the equipment and equipment used. Damaged machinery must be repaired or replaced immediately; Lifting straps or ropes must be checked regularly for damage. The power supply must be limited to approved feed points and the circuits must be protected by a residual current device. If cable drums are used, they must have an overheating protection device with a release. In addition, it is imperative that the cable drums are protected against the ingress of spray water. Building site luminaires must also be insulated and insulated against water jets, but at the same time provide sufficient lighting.

Sensitize employees for occupational safety

In practice, however, it is less technical equipment or equipment that causes accidents at work; rather, it is the behavior of some employees. In any case, the employees should be informed and sensitized to work safety. The problem here is in particular the work with hand tools such as hand grinders, circular saws or mixing machines.

Number of accidents at work has risen slightly: how can safety be guaranteed?: accidents

Sensitize employees to wear protective equipment.

When machining workpieces, they are often not clamped as tightly as it would actually be required. Other issues include vehicle accidents, a lack of fall protection and heavy lifting and carrying. Even a high-quality personal protective equipment is not helpful if it is ultimately not worn. This should be passed in their own interest; It is well known that you are responsible as an employer for sick pay in the first six weeks. In addition, it is likely that the relevant professional association will closely monitor the event, especially in the event of a serious accident. If the misconduct of some employees is not sanctioned, you might be misinterpreted.

In addition, the damage is of course not only financial, but also personal and technical nature. Some accidents at work are associated with lasting damage to health, which of course should be spared the employee and his relatives. In addition, each of the colleagues fulfills an important task, a waiver is not easy, especially when working under time pressure. But with careful handling and the right equipment, it will probably be possible for your construction site to significantly reduce the number of accidents in the coming years.

Source:
Cover picture: Pixabay from dimitrisvetsikas1969
Driveways: Pixabay from stux
Safety shoes: Pixabay from Capri23auto
Signs: Pixabay from Aintschie

    Video Board: Building a psychologically safe workplace | Amy Edmondson | TEDxHGSE