Orchid: care, repotting and diving

Orchids are among the exotic beauties and enrich any windowsill or sunny garden corner. However, the right care for the orchid requires a sure instinct: Already with too much or too little water the ornamental plant can enter. We'll tell you how you can enjoy colorful, gorgeous flowers for a long time!

Orchid: care, repotting and diving: repotting

Maintaining everything about orchids

  • General information about the orchid
  • orchid care
  • Location for sensitive exotics
  • Dip the orchids and water moderately
  • orchid fertilizer
  • Repot orchids
  • Cut orchids
  • Orchid: diseases and pests
  • Typical orchid diseases
  • Mini orchids

General information about the orchid

The orchid belongs to the family of orchids and is considered the queen of flowers in addition to the rose. Hardly any other flower is available in as many different shapes and colors as the orchid: the flowers are blue, red, yellow or green, the plants are large, small, thick or thin - everything is possible with the orchid,

Except in the Antarctic, they exist on every continent, in Europe alone there are about 240 different species.

In addition to its function as ornamental and cut flower, it is also used for tea, tobacco, perfume and for spice production.

orchid care

Although it is said that orchids are easy to care for and treat, there are still some conditions that you need to fulfill as an orchid owner.

Location for sensitive exotics

Choose a partially shaded location.


Orchids do not like cold. Make sure that you do not expose it to the freezing cold during transport.

Orchids need a high humidity. A place on a narrow window sill directly above the heater is therefore not suitable for them, because this sends a lot of dry air. A daily refreshment with lukewarm water can help but there.

Tip: Place a wet sponge as a base in the pot!

Ideal would be a place on the west or east window: So they are not in the daytime in the blazing sun, but get only the first or last rays in the morning and evening from. The best advice is to spend your time with florists, as the light and temperature conditions determine the type of orchid for you.

Some orchids, such as the Odontoglossum species, can easily be kept on the balcony or in the garden during the summer months. There you will grow even better, because the climate better suits your needs.

Dip the orchids and water moderately

Water orchids only moderately.


The biggest enemy of the orchid is the rot. It is therefore important not to water too much and too much. As with all potted plants, you should also plan for the orchid a drainage layer: To prevent the water jams in the pot and no root-breaking rottenness, put a few larger ones as a precaution Pebbles or small potsherds as the lowest layer in the pot. This allows the water to run out of the drain hole better.

For orchids, two irrigation methods are suitable:

1. orchids Diving: Give your plant a full bath in lukewarm water once a week. Place the entire plant bale in a water-filled container and wait until no more air bubbles rise - this can take up to fifteen minutes. Then drain the water well and put the plant back into the planter.

2. Daily pouring in mini-quantities: A large, fully-grown orchid tolerates a shot glass of lukewarm water every day - nothing more! Mini orchids need even less water.

orchid fertilizer

When fertilizing, there is a risk of burning the roots of the orchid due to excessive salt intake. Orchids are naturally used to getting along with little nutrients. In the wild, they grow on trees and get nutrients only from old foliage. Do not fertilize too often. Every 2-3 weeks is completely sufficient.

Important: Always adhere to the concentration given by the manufacturer. If in doubt, you should dilute the liquid rather something.

The most important nutrients that orchids need are potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, nitrogen and calcium.

  • potassium promotes the resistance. Potassium deficiency can be recognized by a sudden growth stop and soft plant tissue.
  • magnesium supports healthy growth and stimulates the metabolism. Magnesium deficiency can be recognized by bright green leaves.
  • phosphorus ensures steady growth of roots and flowers. A defect can be recognized by a reddish coloring of the leaves.
  • nitrogen promotes the growth of roots and shoots. When the leaves turn yellow, there is a clear nitrogen deficiency.
  • calcium stimulates cell proliferation and thus in particular root growth.

Repot orchids

If the orchid is too big, it has to be repotted.


Orchids and normal potting soil? No, that is not compatible. Orchids need a special substrate soil. This is usually composed of peat, Styrofoam and bark and so particularly permeable to air. And that's just right for the aerial root.

Orchids, like many other plants, have to be repotted every two to three years. For them, this is particularly important, otherwise the peat mixture rots. The best time for repotting is in spring, as then develop most shoots (or in some species in the fall). Due to their lack of light, January and October are not suitable for repotting, because the move to a new pot means a short stop in growth anyway. If, at the stage of root regeneration, there is no sunlight, it is quickly over with the queen of the flowers.

Choose a pot that is about five inches larger than the old one. This is how the roots can spread nicely.

Video Board: How to Repot an Orchid: Phalaenopsis