Origin and origin of Halloween

Meaning of Halloween

Halloween is not a feast of Satan and witchcraft, but one spoof in the. At the parties on the eve of the Day of All Saints no diabolical orgies take place, but become celebrated hilariously, yourself creeps and thus beaten all hellish Miesepeterei a real trick. Halloween is a Feast of the imagination, Here the smell of make-up, there the taste of caramel; Kids and adults everywhere, celebrating their dreams and revealing their nightmares.

Halloween in Germany, in the Rhineland and internationally

Origin and origin of Halloween: Halloween

Naïve crusade against Halloween - A malaise comes over me every time I make people loud and opinionated Halloween warn listen. In the Reformed Siegerland, where I come from, many are firmly convinced that in Cana, at the wedding party, Jesus made wine into water. The message is then: When Jesus first comes into your life, the end is funny.

The much-vaunted fight against evil, which is also to be won with a modernized crusade against Halloween, also reveals something heartfelt Naives, Obviously, it is believed to be able to ward off the devil by banishing frowning pumpkin paws and tearing up colorful paper witches.

No Celtic origin of Halloween

Frequently one reads that Halloween goes back to a pagan funeral of the Celts, related to the Irish and Scottish Samhain (late summer). Historically or archaeologically, however, there is no indication that Halloween was a funeral feast in pre-Christian times or that pagan rituals were committed that day. Also a Celtic god of death called "Samhain" is unknown. Occupied are the names of approximately 350 Celtic deities, A "Sam Hain" is not one of them.

Halloween as a Christian holiday

Origin and origin of Halloween: their

Postcard with cat motif to Halloween

For over 1000 years begins with Halloween, the evening of October 31st, a high Christian holiday: All Saints Day (1November). Then, on the 2nd of November, follows All Souls Day, the day on which the deceased are prayed.

As in other Catholic countries, the people of medieval England believed that the dead at this time again for two or three days return from purgatory would go to their homes and relatives around their homes intercession to request. Unlike today, the new day did not begin earlier at midnight (midnight) but in the evening. For this reason, Nicholas still comes today in many places on the evening of 5 December. Christmas also begins with the Christmas Eve, goes back to this tradition. The word 'hallow' comes from the Old English 'halga' (saint) and stands for 'halig' (holy) in 'halloween'. E'en, related to the Old High German 'aband', is the conclusion of the day and eve of a holiday.

Disrespect for death

Halloween is one of the very few Christian festivals whose popularity has not declined in recent years but has increased. Anyone dressed up as a skeleton or ghost on Halloween reminds one of those who preceded us in death, as the funeral calls it, and on the other hand demonstrates one proper portion of disrespect for deathwho has lost his power over us through the infinite love of God. "Death, where is your sting? Dead, where is your victory?" (1Cor 15,54-55). This is the Halloween message.

Halloween as a night of ghosts, witches and fairies

Only since the 19th and reinforced since the 20th century, Halloween has earned the reputation of being a night in the Ghosts, witches and fairies are particularly active. In old Anglo-Saxon texts, the 1st of November is mentioned nowhere. Bede notes that November was called 'blod-monath' (Blood Month), as it slaughtered excess livestock in November to save food and make sacrifices, but does not name a specific date. Also from the middle age until the 19th century There is no sign that Halloween in England was considered anything other than the evening when the bells ushered in the saint's day of remembrance.

Beetle spirits and costume parties - Halloween customs in the UK

In the UK, Halloween is also known as'Nut Crack Night'Apples and nuts, which are everywhere at the time, played a big role in Halloween: young people put two nuts, each with their own and the names of their dream partners, side by side into the fire to see if they exploded or not. A loud bang promised the great love. Apples came in many old games, some of which can be seen again today at children's parties. The players had to try to grasp apples floating in the water or hanging from ropes with their teeth.

As Scottish children moved from door to door dressed in disguise, English made at home Costume Parties, One of the ancient Halloween customs is the horror of people with a hollowed out cabbage or rutabaga, in which a scary face is carved and a burning candles is made. In America, instead of a turnip, it is better to take a pumpkin: Jack o 'Lantern. The good Jack is actually a Will-o'-the-Wisp - that's how the flickering, blurry lights that are occasionally seen in marshy areas are known in England.

Halloween in the USA

In the mid-19th century, many failed to force many Irish to leave their land. Many tried their luck in America and made there, among other things, the Halloween festival known. In America, the custom was to hollow out pumpkins, to give them a scary face, to illuminate them with a candle from the inside and to put them on the windowsill or balcony in the evening. In the second half of the twentieth century, Halloween became more and more popular in the United States, to which also enterprising media contributed not insignificantly. "The festival had undergone a significant change in meaning," emphasizes Hirschfelder. "Halloween is about in the US today the same place as here the carnival, Those who do not participate are considered party-muffles and are marginalized - an essential feature of a custom. "

Halloween in Germany

Once a year, in the US, werewolves, vampires and witches dare to leave their hiding places, literally beset the front doors of good citizens and can only be deterred by calorie-rich bribery. On October 31st, fairy lights made of pumpkin heads will once again appear in orange light in countless Halloween parties in Germany. Dr. Gunther Hirschfelder from the Institute of Folklore at the University of Bonn registers the growing enthusiasm for Halloween with interest. In his opinion, the feast fills up cultural vacuum, which was created by the loss of importance of local traditions.

Halloween celebrations in Germany

Unlike the US, he sees the Halloween enthusiasm in Germany. "Here is Halloween still a relatively non-binding date that you can participate in or not - so strictly speaking, no custom, although that may change." That the festival in recent years in Germany so much popularity he attributes to the "cultural vacuum" created by the loss of meaning of many traditions and religious customs. "Man as a social being longs for traditions that structure his life." On the other hand, customs are not necessarily something positive per se: "Often they serve to distinguish between 'us' and 'the other' and thus exclusion."

The folklorist sees in the phenomenon "Halloween" no threat of regional characteristics. In many areas even a return to traditional traditions can be registered. The industry also takes into account regional differences in their products: "There are several different varieties of the '5-minute terrine', which are seasoned according to location-specific preferences," explains Hirschfelder and is certain: "The end of Munich's Weißwurst is still far away. "

Halloween in the Rhineland - that's like Carnival in the fall

The Halloween researchers of the Landschaftsverband Rheinland (LVR) once again register significant growth rates in the spread of Halloween in the Rhine region. The Halloween statistics published annually by the LVR Office for Rhenish Geography (ARL) at halloween-im-rheinland.de are currently seeing an increase in Rhenish Halloween fans 11,3 Percentage points. With 56,3 Percent is now the majority of approx. 500 According to their own statements, Rhinelanders have already been active on Halloween.

Over 75 percent of Halloween activists attend a Halloween party on the night of horror. With this, Halloween in the Rhineland is becoming more and more a party tradition. And to a domain of young people: Who is younger than 26 years, can be significantly faster and more intense from Halloween fever pack, as older vintages. Although the pumpkin festival can also register with the over 39-year-old rising fan numbers, but the growth rate of just under 3 percent here close to a pronounced scary resistance.

In contrast, the Halloween enthusiasm for children and adolescents increases almost explosively. The rate of Halloween assets reaches a whopping 93 percent among 4- to 16-year-olds. With 35 percentage points, the kids take the top spot in terms of growth rates. "Halloween in the Zoo", "Halloween Craft Workshop", "Family Halloween" - The market reacts promptly to this development with a variety of events suitable for children. Another trend has once again been confirmed empirically: women are the bigger Halloween fans. In terms of effervescence, the female sex leaves the male competition far behind. Around 61 percent of the interviewed Rhineland women are halloween active, the men bring it "only" to 50.2 percent. The women are also ahead in terms of growth rates.

"The Rhineland is clearly a halloween-friendly region," says ARL leader Dr. Ing. Fritz Langensiepen the current numbers trends to the point. How the people here deal with the use of pumpkin, that is typically Rhenish: Within a short time, many Rhinelanders have Halloween to a part of their Rhenish identity made. What appeals to them is less the horror, but rather the carnival motifs such as the fun of celebrating and the desire to disguise and decorate. Langensiepen: "Halloween in the Rhineland - that's like Carnival in the fall".

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