Clean the panels

Skilled handyman take over today almost every work in and around the house. Of course, this also includes working with panels. In addition to the installation of these materials, the care and maintenance for many home improvement important, in consequence, the painting of the panels. Below is a comprehensive guide to painting and varnishing your panels.

Today, many materials are called panels

First of all, however, the term "panel" has to be defined more precisely, because today plastic and even steel sheet metal parts are called panels. Strictly speaking, however, panels are wooden panels. It may be solid wood or a veneer. But also pressboard with a coating, better known as laminate, is now called as panels. Plastic and steel panels, which are often coated with plastic, should therefore be excluded. For it is mainly in the specialist trade and DIY stores that wood, veneer or laminate panels are associated with the term "panel".

This guide covers

  • Wooden floorboards and parquet
  • Ceiling panels made of solid wood or with veneer

For laminate there are special paints. Sometimes you have to work with a high-quality primer, otherwise the hard and solid synthetic resin surface will not take on any color. In addition, you can not use any paint to prevent unwanted chemical reactions with the resin of the laminate. The tips provide more information on painting laminate.

Step-by-step guide to painting panels

  • lye
  • primer
  • Color system (acrylic lacquer, synthetic resin lacquer etc.)
  • Sandpaper in different grain sizes
  • Grease and silicone cleaner
  • duct tape
  • cover
  • Dust binding wipes
  • possibly paint and / or polyester putty
  • grinding machine
  • Angle or orbital sander
  • Edge grinder (eccentric grinder)
  • paint rollers
  • brush
  • paint bucket
  • possibly Japan spatula

1. Preparatory work

The grinding of the panels

First, the panels must be ground. For floor coverings, you can use a large sanding machine for this purpose, for ceiling and wall coverings, you can access angle and orbital sanders. If a veneer or solid wood panel has already been painted, you should ideally sand off all old paint.

Fill and grind again

Then you can fill in damages and cracks. For minor damage you can use paint spatula. If you want to smooth a veneer surface, you must smooth the whole panel with polyester putty. Thereafter, the filler is then sanded again. Take into account the following rule of thumb: everything that you can feel at bumps with your hands or fingers will later be clearly visible on the freshly painted surface.

Intensive cleaning of the panels before painting

After sanding, you must then clean the panels. First, use a grease and silicone cleaner and wipe the surface clean. After the cleaning agent has completely dried, wipe the panels clean with a dust-binding cloth. Now stick off edges and strips that should not be painted. Also, apply a masking foil to save tedious cleaning.

2. Priming and painting the panels

Depending on which color system you have chosen, you may have to prime, paint (base coat) and paint again (top coat). But there are also paint systems that contain everything. Water based acrylic lacquers are usually given a final, transparent topcoat layer. This is not absolutely necessary with synthetic resin paints, but can additionally protect the panels. Therefore, painting your panels may be a combination or just part of the contents described here.

Priming the panels

Stir the primer according to the manufacturer's instructions and paint it evenly as the subsequent varnish. Depending on the primer used, the drying time may vary according to the manufacturer.

The painting of the panels

If the panels have dried so far, you can start with the actual painting. For waterborne acrylic paint, it is usually recommended to do two strokes of paint so that the paint actually covers and can develop all its luminosity. When the base coat has completely dried, you can apply the clear coat. As a rule, a coating pass for the panels is sufficient here.

3. reworking

After the clear coat has dried, carefully remove all tape. If they are not satisfied with the top coat at individual points, you can also sand it gently after drying and paint again.

Tips & Tricks

When preparing veneered panels, remember that the thickness of the veneer may be between 0.3 and 5 mm. For very thin veneers, you must be careful on the edges, not too deep to grind.

Painting laminate panels requires special materials. Of course, we also provide you with articles and guides for [painting laminate] in the house journal.

When painting floor panels, make sure that the paints used have a high abrasion class and are thus suitable as a floor covering that is subject to heavy wear.

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