Paving stones: Guidebook

The first fortifications in the history of humanity were built of stone. What started in ancient Babylon, you can still use today.

Paving stones are probably the oldest building material in the world. While in former times only natural stone was used, today you have the choice between cobblestones made of quarries, fired pavers and every imaginable form of concrete paving stones. New techniques and technologies have adapted the ancient material to the present. Depending on your personal taste and task, you can choose what your paving stones should look like.

For natural paving stones still a lot of manual work today

In times of advanced production techniques and modern machines, paving stones made of natural stone remain products made by hand. Hard rocks such as basalt, porphyry, basalt and gneiss are crushed with pneumatic hammers from quarries and usually beaten into the cobblestone form by hand. The result is large stone paving, small paving, mosaic paving for use on private and public areas. So-called caterpillars are used for water retention. Sometimes in combination, sometimes alone, boulders and pebbles are used as paving stones, sinking so deep into the ground that only a flat walk-in surface protrudes. The paving stones made of natural stone vary in their edge lengths of four to 17 centimeters and are set in different laying patterns, the plaster bandages. Popular associations are the row, diagonal and polygonal union. The arcade is also very popular.

Concrete paving stones from decorative to practical

Concrete paving stones are cast in a variety of forms from cement, water and ground rock. In addition to rectangular and round shapes, composite paving stones such as the bone stone are widely used. Compound paving stones increase the load-bearing capacity of the surface by distributing the load over several pavers simultaneously. The concrete blocks with the standard thicknesses of six, eight or ten centimeters can get different properties due to different mixing ratios. Admixtures of color pigments produce colors that can also form gradients and thus gain an antique look. The addition of special rock beads increases the water permeability and creates the "breathing" paving stones commonly referred to as eco paving stones. Bandages are available in every imaginable pattern.

Clinker paving continues Northern European craftsmanship

Clinker paving is the continuation of the craft of brick burning. Higher temperatures solidify the mixture of water, clay, clay and other ingredients to form stable, mostly glazed paving stones. They are not as stable as paving stones made of concrete or natural stone and are usually laid in the pure pedestrian area, where they are highly valued for their unique appearance.

Video Board: How to Install Patio Paving and Walling