Planning steps to build stable table legs yourself

If you want to build table legs yourself, you should first think about the functional requirements. The visual appearance and design follows the possible dimensions, construction and mounting types. Possible workpieces are boards, beams, metal rods and hollow pipes, which are fastened in different ways.

Answer planning questions

As materials come wood and metal in the self-construction of table legs into consideration. The answers to the following questions are crucial for planning your own work:

  • How should the table legs be fixed?
  • Which table height must be bridged
  • Should the table legs be made solid, hollow or folded at an angle?
  • Will the table legs meet the ground vertically or beveled?
  • How many table legs have to give stability to the table?
  • Are there any equipment and experience in woodturning, welding and locksmiths?

Consider stability of position

Decisive for the stability of the table is the "impact factor" of the table leg undersides on the stand surface. In principle, only solid or angular components provide sufficient stability. Ideally, the expected load is taken into account when using the table.

At a dining table for four people, the weight per seat by leaning up to fifty kilograms. Add to this the weights of crockery, cutlery, food, drinks and possibly decorations. Four table legs must quickly carry weights of several hundred kilograms.

Cross section and physical force distribution

In order to dimension yourself built table legs, the cross-section or the thickness and the method of attachment to the table must be observed. If the force applied from above is removed "linearly", a smaller cross-section can be selected than with laterally bolted or attached table leg attachments. Hanger bolts and T-slots absorb the loading forces of the table linearly.

In order to be able to build elegant and delicate table legs, a mutual stabilization of the table legs can be used. Cross connections or diagonal support struts increase the stability and strength of the legs enormously, so that even narrow and thin legs can fulfill their function.

With any side-acting force, the stability of the mounted table legs must withstand many times the load of linear load. Therefore, care should always be taken in planning that the load forces propagate and distribute for the most part from top to bottom.

Tips & Tricks

If you connect table legs directly to a table top, the table top must have sufficient load capacity. At the corners of a thin wooden or glass plate, otherwise there is a risk of breakout.

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