Plant and nurture roses

Plant and nurture roses

Plant and nurture roses: soil

The rose is considered the most beautiful ornamental plant in the garden, as the queen in the flowerbed. Although the rose gives a robust impression with its thorns, She is sensitive to it Stagnant humidity and strong night frosts, although many rose varieties are also considered hardy. Protect especially the so-called treatment point, which can be found just below the surface of the earth.

For a lasting plant health, there are also some essential care tips to consider. The planting also needs a certain amount of preparation before bare root roses or container plants are allowed to flower in the fall.

In the following you will learn interesting facts about the planting and care of the beautiful rose. In addition, we explain how you can enjoy many years of healthy and flowering roses and why you should give up on a spring planting.

Claims and location of roses

Roses thrive at its optimal location for many decades, because it not only positively influences healthy plant growth, but also the colorful flower abundance. In addition, roses are significantly more disease-resistant if you have found the ideal place in the garden.

Here is the rule: There is the right location for each rose, but no rose for each location. If you want a green spot in the garden, you should therefore inquire about suitable rose varieties in the specialized trade.

Generally, experts recommend one sunny and airy locationwhere the roses are not exposed to the blazing midday sun - beds in eastern or western orientation are well suited. In contrast, a southern exposure often leads to an unhealthy heat accumulation.

In addition, it is important that the leaves can dry quickly after rain showers to prevent attacking fungal spores attack surface.

Attention: Never plant roses under trees - this is where a drop of water threatens, making the delicate leaf leaves more susceptible to pathogens.

Plant and nurture roses: nurture

Optimal plant substrate

Besides the ideal location also plays the right soil texture a crucial role in keeping healthy roses in the garden. Roses are high-consuming plants that can not thrive in a site where ancient rose cultures were recently still standing, because the soil is completely drained. Experts speak here of a so-called soil fatigue.

If you therefore Young plants at an old location The soil must be extensively replaced with humus-rich, fresh plant soil in order to ensure sufficient nutrient supply.

In addition, roses are deep roots and therefore need a deep, loose soil. Even in deeper regions, water retention must already be preventively prevented. Here, an addition of rock powder, sand or fine pebbles can optimize the water permeability of the soil. Even heavy clay soils must be processed in this way. Furthermore, experts recommend a pH of 6-7 for healthy plant growth.

Advantages of an autumn planting

For roses, it is important to distinguish between root-bare specimens and container products with root balls. Plant your roses always in the fall: Rose fields of the tree nurseries are now cleared, so that root-bare plants can move fresh from the field into the garden.

If you wait until spring, the plants have already been in the cold store for several months, which hurts the quality. In addition, all new varieties are now in stock, whereas many varieties will already be sold out in the spring.

Furthermore, young roses have enough time after the autumn planting to form new roots and grow well - such specimens have a clear growth advantage over spring roses! Frost damage is not expected over the cold months, as most new breeds are hardy, only the Verdlungsstelle should be covered with a little brushwood.

Plant and nurture roses: roses

Before planting shoots and roots are cut for easier growth.

Plant roses

Before planting, both root-bare roses and specimens with potted bales are placed in a water bath. The plant should be in the water at least up to the processing point.

If you plant in the fall, the root-bare plant should be round eight hours of water Experts recommend a period of around 24 hours in the spring. Containerware is kept under water until the bale sinks and no air bubbles rise.

After watering The shoots are opened with a sharp secateurs about 20 cm cut back to reduce the evaporation area before the upcoming winter - at least five buds per shoot are preserved.

Plant and nurture roses: roses

On a wall or hedge roses are sufficiently protected from the wind.

Damaged, dead or sick root parts and so-called turning roots, which often form between soil and pot, are removed. Fine roots remain preserved.

Since roses have deep, strong roots, the planting hole must be excavated so deeply that no root parts are bent over. In addition, the decoration of the ornamental flower must be about 5 cm below the surface - not too deep, but not too shallow, which is very important for healthy growth.

In addition, the treatment center is sufficiently protected from winter stress cracks. The excavated material is treated with mature compost or horn shavings and then slightly compacted with the foot to close the last cavities in the soil.

Tip: After planting, the rose must be richly poured. Here, a small pouring rim, which is made of earth as a ring around the plant helps - in this way, the water can not flow off to the side and penetrate to the low-lying roots. In early summer you can level the edge again.

As additional winter protection Experts recommend the accumulation of the rose. That means you around the plant a 15 cm high mound Shake to protect delicate plant parts from night frosts. In the milder spring, the earth is finally removed. Particularly sensitive rose varieties can be wrapped with an additional nonwoven fabric.

Plant and nurture roses: roses

Roses are heavy eaters and need enough nutrients.

Rose care

Roses are easy to maintain in the right location. However, there are some varieties of roses that are less susceptible and therefore easier for inexperienced home gardeners to keep. In general, roses tolerate waterlogging and lack of water only badly.

Therefore, make sure that the substrate is always permeable to water and loose, so that the deep-reaching roots get enough air.

Once the top soil layer is dry, irrigate again. Especially young plants need a lot of water after the autumn planting in order to grow quickly and easily. Be careful not to wet the flowers and foliage as wet leaves will make the roses susceptible to fungal diseases.

Tip: An additional mulch layer allows the soil water to evaporate more slowly and optimizes the soil quality.

To meet the needs of heavy-duty users, you should use organic fertilizer or special long-term fertilizer for roses for budding and again in summer.

Plant and nurture roses: soil

Annual cut measures receive the flowering joy of the rose.

Cut roses

Be roses shortened before planting, and once a year in the spring brought into shape and freed from old impulses. For the Auslichtungsschnitt remove dead or sick wood as well as crossing or touching shoots. Also so-called wild drives are cut off as soon as possible directly at the beginning.

After a few years of existence the oldest shoot on the base is cut off. This measure promotes a fresh sprouting and receives in this way the vitality and flowering of the rose. If you also pollinate the blooms regularly, the rose drives out many new buds.

Tip: Always use a sharp and clean cutting tool to prevent bruising and disease transmission. Specialist Rosenscheren are available for this purpose for optimum cutting results for this purpose. Also, never cut your roses in the rain or bright sunshine - a covered, frost-free spring day is ideal.

Rose varieties
Not every rose thrives in the same location. Therefore, it is important to know about different types of roses and to choose a suitable copy. Here you will learn interesting information about different types of roses and their location requirements. Go to Article

Rose diseases
Roses are often visited in humid weather shortly after the sprouting of numerous fungal diseases. They are especially frequently attacked by powdery mildew, rose rust and star soot. We give helpful care tips and describe preventive measures. Go to Article

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Video Board: How to care Rose Plant (HINDI)