Grow, harvest and process the plums

Stone fruit season in midsummer

Grow, harvest and process the plums: harvest

In midsummer, the plum harvest begins in Germany. Depending on Weather and region you can from the beginning of July the first plums and plums pick from your own fruit tree. Early varieties, such as Herman, Ersinger, Zimmer and Buehler Frühzwetsche, are particularly suitable for growing in the vegetable garden, as they produce edible fruit more quickly.

While the Harvest time for all plums associated with the species Prunus domestica ending with September, the harvesting period for plums still lasts until the middle of October into it. So you can enjoy very different plum and plum varieties throughout the summer and versatile in the kitchen to make jams, cakes or desserts.

From us you will learn interesting facts about the plum and plum harvest, so you will soon come to enjoy the delicious stone fruit.

Plant plum trees in your own garden

Plum trees can be grown in almost any garden, because there are special varieties that are considered particularly robust. These Hardy plum trees prefer an autumn plantingso that they have enough time to grow new roots, to grow well and to grow well until the vegetation break sufficient forces for the renewal in spring to collect. If, in addition, a suitable planting cut is already made for the planting, under optimal circumstances the plum harvest can be started in the own orchard the very next year.

For a rich harvest plays beside the suitable substrate also the optimal location a crucial role: Put on your plum tree a sunny, sheltered place that favors a uniform ripening of the fruits and on the other hand prevents the plums from simply falling down and suffering from pressure points due to a strong gust of wind. In addition, it is beneficial if the location is even or slightly elevated. This will ensure that the plum tree will not suffer frost damage in cold spring nights, as would be the case in a so-called frost sink.

Maintain the plum tree properly

Grow, harvest and process the plums: process

The bloom of the plum tree begins between April and May.

Plum trees are among the uncomplicated fruit trees and gift even inexperienced gardeners with many fruits. If the substrate at the site turns out to be too nutrient poor, the Soil specifically treated with special fertilizer for fruit trees to prevent nutrient deficiencies. Weeds can also deprive the soil of important nutrients: keep the tree disc weed-free throughout the year.

After the harvest, it is time to Handle the fruit tree trunk carefully with moss and lichen using a coarse brush to liberate because numerous pests can nest here. If you notice any injuries to the delicate bark, they should be treated with special wound closure products to prevent moisture or pathogens from entering.

Young fruit trees have a particularly high water requirement. When Casting offers the so-called sponging on: Here is rarely watered very heavily, so that the water seeps deep into the ground. This method promotes deep root growth so that they can survive longer periods of drought, as deeper layers of earth can generally store water longer.

For a lush plum harvest you can remove fruits that are less well grown shortly before the plum harvest. The tree then has more power for the remaining fruit, which then receives a growth spurt. As with other fruit trees, a summer cut after the fruit harvest is recommended, which slows down growth and promotes the formation of new fruit shoots.

Fight plum sawfly

Grow, harvest and process the plums: grow

The timely control of larvae of the plum weed is particularly important. The pest leaves its eggs in April and May in the flowers of plum trees and the larvae eat themselves through the young fruits, which then fall to the ground.

plum harvest

Grow, harvest and process the plums: plum

A braided basket absorbs excess moisture.

Plums and plums are available in many sizes, shapes and colors: there are black, blue-black, blue, blue-red, purple, red, yellow and yellow-green varietieswho all know how to convince with an individual flavor.

The ripeness of plums can be recognized by the Blue color of the fruits - two weeks later, they taste best and should then be harvested first.

Tip: Plums are ripe and especially sweet when the stalk has already shrunk slightly.

Since the individual fruits ripen at different speeds depending on the light, they are best picked in sections from the tree. However, always harvest just as many fruits as you want to consume or process fresh ripe plums are poorly storable are.

In addition, a braided fruit basket helps to collect the fruits. His The key advantage is that the wood absorbs moisture from rain or burst fruit so that the spread of pathogens is better prevented.

Plum or plum?

Grow, harvest and process the plums: plum

Plums are difficult to break off the roundish stone.

It is indeed not easy to distinguish plums and plums. In many cases, the terms are also used synonymously. In addition, the plum is known by many names, depending on the region is also called plum, squeeze or plum.

Plums have a roundish to oval shape, a pronounced dorsal furrow and a Roundish stone on which the pulp adheres firmly, The plum harvest begins at the beginning of July, the harvest time for plums begins a little later and lasts longer.

Grow, harvest and process the plums: plums

Mirabelles also belong to the species of Prunus domestica.

Plums are rather oval to oblong and platinum at their end, Because the pulp is special easily detached from the pointed stoneplums are particularly good for processing in the kitchen: Particularly popular is the Einkochen to Mus or baking a juicy sheet cake.

The species of Prunus domestica includes not only the plum variety, but also the yellow mirabelles and the green-yellow pure clusters or Renekloden. For example, the extremely popular mirabelle brandy is made from mirabelle plums.

Different plum and plum varieties

Plums and plums are available in many sizes, shapes, colors and flavors. There is a suitable plum and plum variety for each use, which you can grow in your garden. So you should already decide in advance, which purpose your new plum tree should fulfill: Do you want to reduce the ripe fruits predominantly, eat fresh or use as a cake topping?

Our variety certificate tells you which plum varieties are suitable for Fresh consumption, cake topping, jam, compote and juice suitable.

Grow, harvest and process the plums: grow

Source: plums and plums from Germany

The varieties in detail

Grow, harvest and process the plums: process

Ripe plums are blue throughout and can be picked easily.

The The best known plum variety is the roundish Bühler Frühzwetschge, which is particularly juicy and therefore versatile. It is suitable for juicy cakes, the fresh consumption and also for the juice production. By the way, in September every year in September in Bühl in Baden celebrated a big party in honor of this strain.

Cacak's Beauty:

This rather Roundish, large-fruited variety is especially for its strong smell famous. From the end of July to the end of August you can buy them for baking and immediate fresh consumption. It dissolves perfectly from the stone, does not wet on the cake and especially the aromatic variant Cacaks Fertile tastes delicious.

Ersinger:

The Ersinger is one of the best tasting varieties. The juicy, red-blue fruits are ideal for jam making and cake bakingeven if they are slightly wet on the cake floor. Since the stone dissolves well from the pulp, they are just as wonderful for the fresh consumption, which should take place soon, because this variety is fast soft.

Hanita:

The aromatic, fine Tart Hanita is especially suitable for immediate enjoyment, Baking is a bit more difficult because the stone adheres relatively firmly to the pulp and thus the stone removal is very tedious. Due to the high sugar content, the variety is also suitable for juice and jam production.

Hanka:

Grow, harvest and process the plums: grow

Inside, the roundish core hides.

The particularly sweet Hanka has a sugar content of 15° to 18° Brix and is thus particularly suitable for fresh consumption. The ideal sugar-to-acid ratio and the good stone solubility make the consumption of this early variety to a true pleasure.

House Plum:

The Hauszwetschge belongs to the more well-known Zwetschgevarianten. The pulp is orange-yellow, firm and juicy. This old variety is particularly versatile, suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for baking or jam and compote cooking.

Katinka:

The variety Katinka is suitable for baking and immediate enjoyment. She is due their juiciness and sweetness the ideal snack for in between. And since they are the The only early variety is that you bake dry, she keeps her shape on the cake and looks particularly appetizing.

Ruth Gerstetter:

This roundish early variety is slightly sour and well soluble in stone, The Ruth Gerstetter is next to the Fresh consumption also like to bake because she is the first representative of the plum and plum season.

Healthy ingredients

The stone fruit is extremely healthy: plums and plums are thirst quenching thanks to their high water content. In addition, they are rich in vitamins, fiber and minerals. For example, they contain iron, magnesium, potassium, copper and zinc. In addition, they provide a good mix of provitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E and other vitamins.

Tips for buying, storing and processing

Grow, harvest and process the plums: grow

Deliciously aromatic: warm plum cake.

Plums and plums are very versatile and Both sweet dessert and pie topping, as well as in a spicy sauce or as a filling for a meat dish, Particularly popular is the plum or plum cake, which can be found in late summer on many coffee tables as a sheet cake or spring cake.

The ripeness of the fruits can be recognized by the fact that the plum is discolored and not too hard. If the fruits are not mature enough, they can be left to ripen for a day or two in a shady spot. Unfortunately, they will not be able to develop the full aroma anymore.

So that Durability of plums or plums guaranteed stays, you should Avoid bruising and dry the fruits in the refrigerator to store. So they stay fresh for up to a week - however, immediate post-harvest consumption is recommended for a full-bodied taste.

The whitish wax coating or Ripening on the fruits protects them from dehydration and pathogens and should be washed off just before consumption or further processing. However, this step must be carried out unconditionally because pollutants can accumulate in the lining.

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