Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima

So the poinsettia is properly maintained

Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima: plants

The Poinsettia - called in the botany Euphorbia pulcherrima - belongs with the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera) to the few plants that bloom in winter.

With magnificent red leaves he presents a decorative complement to the Advent wreath and are also very popular as a souvenir.

But The poinsettia also needs a little careso that he can survive the year until next Christmas. Because what many do not know: it is a perennial flowering plant.

The most popular of all potted plants in the dark, dull season finds rainy heel in the winter months: up to 37 million plants are alone in Germany sold.

Originally The Poinsettia comes from Mexico, where it is also called a fire flower is called and at a Temperature of about 18° C is growing excellently.

The actual flowers are fake flowers, The attraction of the plants are the colored bracts. From a botanical point of view, they do not even bloom and support them only when attracting pollinators.

Poinsettias are as Plant for the windowsill as well as bush, trunk, pyramid and traffic light available. They are offered as light and dark-leafy varieties with red, pink, pink-white or white-colored bracts.

To avoid damage to the plants on the way home at very low outdoor temperatures, they must be well packed in paper. In the house should the Plant bright at temperatures of 16 to 20 degrees stand. They must be protected from drafts and kept slightly moist at all times.

Drought does not tolerate the stars so good, then quickly turn the leaves. constantly but they do not like wet feet either.

Perennial Exotics - Can be used all year round

Actually, these are Exotic perennial plants and grow in their home country in Central and South America larger shrubs with heights up to five meters approach. Only a few owners maintain their poinsettia until the next season.

Experimenting hobby breeders can grow with a little patience and a few simple professional tips a small, powerful Christmas star to the shrub size.

in the Spring the poinsettia is cut back after flowering and repotted into fresh quality soil. The poinsettia needs little water in its summer break.

Finger test before pouring and stale, lime-poor water use. Then drain well so that the roots do not rot. Approximately fertilize every one to two weeks, In summer, a bright, not too hot outdoor location is ideal.

Bring in and fertilize in early autumn

Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima: care

Not only in red chic - the color white convinced

In early autumn, before the first night frost, the poinsettia wanders into the room. Then, with the help of a little trick, he can be brought back to "glowing". The plant needs an extreme change of light and heat in autumn.

At about the 12-hour intervals, so that the bracts discolor until Christmas again, should the Christmas star standing completely dark at night; during the day in the bright sunlight.

Above all, exotic winterblüten need the right substrate and a good fertilizer. Quality substrates contain immediately soluble nutrient salts, have a high clay content and long-term fertilizer.

In plants in flowerpots and pots is thereby the structural stability of the root ball which makes the needs-based care work better. On the other hand, cheap soil silts up and permanently salts and damages sensitive plant roots.

Multiply poinsettias

The Time of cuttings propagation is crucial. The sooner the Poinsettia come into the ground, the more time they have to grow and grow up.

At the beginning of May, when we are thinking about holidays in the sunny South, the first unrooted cuttings the reverse journey. Mother plantations of German breeders are growing consistently in sunny countries like Spain, Portugal or Kenya.

The shoot tips of the mother plants deliver the Cuttings, which are about 5 cm long and two to three strong leaves have.

So they have enough power to safely form new roots. In pots or Placed culture plates and cultivated under high humidity, that happened within four weeks. In addition to the fine, white roots, up to five vigorous leaves adorn the plantlets.

The right cut

The early cuttings grow into stems, pyramids or columns. So that she the get the right shape, is trimmed, i. e. the shoot tips are cut off.

That does not just put that Foundation for the later formIt also forces the plant to branch out more. Trunks with dense multi-faceted crowns are usually trimmed twice. A sense of proportion is required so that the shape becomes uniform.

Strong-growing varieties like the lively red "Coco Red", the White "Regina"or the distinctive light-dark pink"Monet Twilight"are suitable especially good for trunks or pyramids.

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Video Board: Taking poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) cuttings