Plant and maintain real tarragon

Cultivate the rare spice plant

Plant and maintain real tarragon: plant

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) belongs to Plant family of the daisy family and is closely related to the vermouth. Its lancet-shaped leaves are slightly hairy and develop the typical aniseed aroma of the spice plant. Before flowering, which is represented by panicles of yellow flowers, the content of essential oils is particularly high. However, tarragon can be harvested year-round.

The cultivation of flavorful tarragon requires much patience, because only the genuine tarragon contains a sufficient amount of essential oils to serve for use as a spice. This variety is however very vulnerable and difficult to acquire.

Tarragon contains a lot of potassium, has a digestive and diuretic effect and is therefore also used as a valued medicinal plant. In the following, you will learn interesting information about the cultivation and care of different types of estragon.

Fresh french herbs for the kitchen

Tarragon is one of the most important spices in French cuisine and is also gradually being discovered and appreciated by many hobby gardeners. With its pleasant aroma, the genuine, French tarragon spreads a lovely fragrance in the summer garden and lets holiday memories awake.

Original origin of the perennial herb are Southern Europe, Siberia and Mongolia, where it is cultivated nowadays throughout the world becomes. Botanists differentiate between two basic varieties: the Russian tarragon and the French tarragon.

Only the young, delicate leaf shoots are fresh, dried or beaten in the trade. Dried, however, the spice in the kitchen does not taste that strong anymore because most of the volatile flavorings are lost during processing.

Plant and maintain Russian tarragon

Plant and maintain real tarragon: tarragon

Russian tarragon can be consumed as spring vegetables, but tastes little aromatic.

Russian tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus var. Inodora) is mainly sold in specialist shops and is a variation of the original wild form. Since it is particularly hardy and winter hardy to -10° C, it is often grown in the garden. In addition, he develops in contrast to other varieties quickly seeds and can be easily multiply in this way.

Russian tarragon has over comparatively broad leaves, the shimmering silvery-gray at the bottom. Thanks to its climatic resistance, the seeds of the Russian tarragon can be distributed on the bed in April. Since they are light germs, the seeds may only be pressed slightly into the ground, but not covered by it.

Plant and maintain real tarragon: maintain

Tarragon bushes need enough space for healthy growth.

Measure one sufficient planting distance of at least 40 centimeters, because the plant can grow up to a meter high and wide.

Unfortunately contains This easy-care strain barely contains essential oils and therefore does not develop a characteristic anise flavor, and chefs describe its taste as bitter to boring. Nevertheless, it can be eaten as spring vegetables.

Harvest young shoots with leaves and sauté them in spiced butter like green beans. For use as a spice plant, Russian tarragon must thrive for several years at the same site to develop a corresponding aroma, however can not be compared with the taste balance of the genuine tarragon is.

Plant and cultivate French tarragon

Plant and maintain real tarragon: plant

Genuine tarragon has much narrower leaves and reminds of anise or caramel.

The French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus var. Sativa), or even genuine tarragon, has been refined by breeding and can only be found in selected garden centers as it rarely produces flowers and is therefore difficult to propagate over cuttings.

The confused, narrow leaves are his trademark and smell of anise and caramel. This tarragon is therefore often used as a spice plant, to refine light sauces (such as Béarnaise sauce) and marinades in French and Italian cuisine, it is ideal.

Compared to the Russian tarragon, this species is particularly sensitive. Young plants prefer a well-drained and nutrient-rich soil with high proportion of humus and are extremely sensitive to frost.

Plant and maintain real tarragon: real

Young plants of the tarragon need a lot of water and are extremely sensitive.

Only then put the cuttings or young plants into the open bed, if no night frosts threaten more and keep the substrate thoroughly moist. A soil treatment with organic fertilizer (compost or mulch) supports plant growth and has no negative impact on the taste.

Flowers should always be removed and shorten the side shoots regularly, to preserve a beautiful growth habit.

If the young tarragon has grown, it usually grows well and can be many years old. With increasing years, the spice plant is also becoming more resistant and can eventually even overwinter outside.

Cook with tarragon - make tarragon butter and tarragon vinegar yourself

Plant and maintain real tarragon: plant

Tarragon vinegar is very popular in French cuisine and is easy to make.

As tarragon tastes very intense, it becomes used only in small portions. Its fresh leaves and shoot tips can easily be kept in a plastic bag in the fridge for a few days. Dried, it lingers for a long time in a cool and dark container.

tarragon is ideal for a French vinaigrette with freshly chopped "fines herbes", so parsley, chives, chervil and tarragon. It harmonizes with green salad and egg dishes and can also serve as a grill marinade or to taste meat dishes. The Italian cuisine also likes to fall back on the peppery herb, because it goes well with vegetables, game, lamb and fish.

Create Your own tarragon butter made from 50 grams of soft butter and a teaspoon of finely chopped tarragon. An additional splash of lemon juice ensures summer freshness and harmonizes perfectly with the fine-tart aniseed flavor of the tarragon.

Also a Tarragon vinegar is easy to prepare: Pour four fresh tarragon twigs with many fine leaves into 400 ml Balsamcio Bianco and let the mixture through for 14 days in a dark, cool place. Finally, remove the twigs and peel off the vinegar.

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Video Board: How to grow French tarragon abundantly and successfully