Roof forms - the hipped roof

The hipped roof is by far one of the most beautiful roofs there is. However, with a hipped roof a significant financial overhead is connected, which is why many builders with a crying eye renounce it. The hipped roof offers advantages that definitely pay for the additional costs in the long term. Afterwards you will get an overview of versions, advantages and disadvantages of the hipped roof.

Shape and construction of the hipped roof

In contrast to the saddle roof, which has only two sloping roof surfaces and one end on the front side, the hipped roof is constructed in such a way that inclined roof surfaces can be found on the gable sides. It is important only that these roofs do not reach to the middle, so to speak to form a ridge top. Only with a real ridge is it a hipped roof - otherwise it is a tent or pyramid roof.

Types of hipped roof

The hipped roof gets its name from the front roof slopes, which are called Walm. If this hawm is not pulled down to the eaves, but only a piece (a quarter, half, etc.), this has the effect of a crippled whale, hence the name Krüppelwalmdach. But there are also other hipped roof versions.

  • hipped roof
  • hipped roof
  • Halbwalmdach (is also a Krüppelwalmdach)
  • Fußwalmdach
  • special Fußwalmdach: Niedersachsengiebel

Roof forms - the hipped roof: hipped

Cripple whale roof and special shapes

For better differentiation, the crippled hipped roof, depending on its size, is also a half-hipped roof when the haunch reaches halfway to the eaves compared to the longitudinal roof surfaces.

Fußwalmdach and special forms

The situation is similar with the Fußwalmdach. In the case of the toe-roof, the eaves end flush with those of the longitudinal roof surfaces, while the haunch does not start at the gable but clearly below it. Thus, this hipped roof shape has a small gable. In the also specified special form of the Niedersachsengiebels the haunch begins arbitrarily below the ridge, while the Walmtraufe lies above the regular eaves.

Hipped roofs with gables

A common feature of the whale with the crippled whale: the fact that the whale does not occupy the entire height of the lateral roof surfaces, this haunch forms a gable. However, this is due to the eaves of the Walme trapezoidal in the crippled roof.

Advantages and disadvantages of the hipped roof

First of all, it is obvious that the hipped roof is visually a high quality roof shape. Only for this reason many home builders accept the few disadvantages of this roof shape. In addition, the ridge purlins or rafters of the gable-sided hipped roofs of a house form a ridge starting from the ridge and incorporating the eaves. This triangle makes the roof structure particularly stable.

Disadvantage: Loss of living space

Thus, the roof of a hipped and crippled whale roof is much more stable than that of a saddle roof. Also, a hipped roof does not offer the wind such a large attack surface, which makes the construction additionally durable. But, of course, there are also disadvantages of these benefits. Because the gable does not reach up and instead the haunch is inclined inwards, living space is lost considerably.

Alternative to hipped roof without housing loss

An alternative to this then represents the crippled whale, because so not necessarily housing the attic area is lost. This is certainly one of the reasons why the crippled hipped roof is much more popular than the hipped roof.

Tips & Tricks

The Fußwalmdach is rather rare in our latitudes. But it is a classic design in many Asian regions, such as in Southeast Asia or Korea.

Because the crippled whale is also comparable to a crested creature, the crippled whale roof is often also referred to as a crested whale roof.

The Niedersachsengiebel has a complicated and therefore vulnerable construction with real weak points (weather) to the episode. Therefore, this Walmform is rather foreseeable.

In the house journal you will also find many other articles on roofs and trusses. Among other things, to the many different roof shapes.

Video Board: Hip Roof Erection Procedure