Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower


Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower properly

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: plants

Symbolic of Love standing is the rose especially on holidays very popular.

Like no other plant, the queen of flowers stands for deep affection and transmits different messages to the recipient of the rose: The decisive factor is the correct flower color - here you are thanks to the latest breeding a wide range to select.

So, botanists appreciate that it now about 100-250 different types of roses which are characterized by different characteristics.

So you can next different types of growth also thornless or hardy plants to buy. Small-sized roses are particularly popular for keeping the pots indoors or on the balcony. The plants are several years old and form numerous flowers.

Learn more about this in the following proper care of roses as a houseplant and cut flower.

Different rose shapes

Not every Rosenart is suitable for indoor use or the limited balcony. Because of your Growth height should be climbing roses as well as advertised shrub roses, which can both grow up to 4 m tall, for one Planting preferred become.

Only here the ornamental plants develop optimally and can the hobby gardener with numerous flowers over many years delight. Bred miniature plants are the exception: they can also be kept in the pot.

Bed roses are only about 60 cm high and bloom all over Summer with up to 12 flowers per plant - The wide variety of colors allows a colorful balcony design here. Also haunted are wild roses. They are among the most popular garden rose varieties, which are also suitable as a special breeding for the Kübelhaltung.

Roses as bred houseplants become common not higher than 30 cm, except for the high trunks, which are also limited in their height growth. In addition, the different rose petals can be simple or filled, spines are often no longer present and the shoots are soft woody.

Our tip for the right choice of roses: Rely on robust and disease-resistant new breeds, which are characterized by a low growth height. As miniature forms are climbing roses, bushy plants as well as high stems in specialized shops to acquire.

Location for rooftops

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: houseplant

Roses need plenty of sunlight, but shy away from the blazing midday sun.

Roses prefer one light-flooded location near the windows, You should have one East-facing or west-facing windows Select to avoid direct sunlight at lunchtime.

Alternatively, you should get one set up additional sun protection, such as light curtains or higher plants that provide shade. This can also be evergreen trees or shrubs in front of the window - it is important that the delicate rose does not burn.

Too warm and at the same time dry heating air gets the rose only bad. Humidifiers provide the first remedy here. In addition, always a location should be selected, where the Do not heat the entire day at the highest level running.

Im hot In summer the rose is allowed on the balcony move. Of course, the plant should not stand in the blazing sun here, but it enjoys the fresh air and attracts many beneficiaries with its floral scent on the balcony.

Moreover, here is one to take care of additional wind protectionto avoid wind throws.

Danger: In low-light locations, roses produce few or no flowers. Therefore, support the flowering of your ornamental flower already with the right location.

Water roses properly as a potted plant

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: maintain

Roses need plenty of sunlight, but shy away from the blazing midday sun.

Roses are particularly robust due to their sharp thorns, but respond to persistent moisture or long periods of drought but with numerous diseases. It is therefore important that Irrigate ornamental flowers regularly moderately.

The Pot bales should be well moistenedt - not wet - be. When the top soil has dried again, the next watering can take place.

Be sure that you always only the plant substrate and not the leaves or even flowers water.

Also in Indoor areas can burn flowers in the sunlight or infested by flying fungal spores that enter the living area through open windows or balcony doors. Moist leaves form the ideal attack surface here.

For a natural drainage in the flowerpot provides a additional drainage layer of expanded clay, pebbles or small potsherds, In addition, always a flower pot with drain hole should be selected, which is placed on a saucer.

So can drain off excess water after pouring and poured easily after ten minutes at the latest become. If you use a coaster, you can simply pour the plant over it - unrecovered water is then disposed of again.

With the rose care generally appliesAvoid root-endangering waterlogging and unhealthy ball dryness. A moderate but continuous watering directly on the plant substrate promotes general plant health.

Hibernate roses as a room flower

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: roses

Roses in the planter are easy to carry in their winter quarters. The resting phase promotes flowering.

On the In winter, roses need a two-month rest period keep in a cool location, in order to forcefully exorcise again next year. During this time, the ornamental plants stop growing and are therefore watered sparingly and not fertilized.

In addition, the must Room temperature 5 to 7° C amountso that the plant evaporates significantly less water.

For example, set the rose from November in a cool room with a large window - then you can expect from January with a new growth spurt and first flowers in early summer.

Experts recommend, however to postpone the rest period until Marchso that the roses only drive out in warm temperatures. For this variant, place the rose in a bright, but cool room after Christmas - such as the frost-free garage or a cellar room.

When the plant starts to exorcise, it will become again watered and with kalireichem liquid fertilizer fertilized.

If you do not have a cool room with enough light, you will special plant lamps with LEDs established. These are significantly more energy-efficient than fluorescent tubes and support the plants optimally.

Danger: Roses can not hibernate in heated living spaces. It is not enough just to stop watering. The two-month rest period in cold, frost-proof areas is crucial for plant health and flowering.

Repot roses after winter rest

After During a two-month resting period, roses are transformed into fresh plant substrate implemented. Gently shake the old soil from the roots and remove any diseased or dead plant parts - live roots are trimmed by a few inches.

Put the rose in humus soil mixed with some sand and compost. Alternatively you can Special soil for roses or indoor plants to buy.

After repotting, you should use the plant Protect for around two weeks from strong sunlightbecause the unusually strong UV radiation could burn the tender leaves. Therefore, first choose a partially shaded location for this acclimatization phase.

Multiply roses

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: flower

After three months, the cutting is rooted and can be converted into a larger vessel.

To the budding beginning in the Roses can be propagated over head cuttings in spring become. To do this, cut a 10 to 15 cm long cut below a leaf node and remove all lower leaves.

Then the cuttings in a Substrate of peat and sand (1: 1) set and surrounded with a special growth film. Alternatively, you can also use a heated propagation box.

Now place the cuttings in a light but not sunny place and hold them Planting soil slightly damp - not wet! Root rot threatens due to waterlogging here.

On mild days, the plastic film or the Cover of the propagation box raised to allow oxygen exchange and to prevent fungal diseases.

To three months, enough roots have formed and the cuttings can be moved into a larger planter.

Cut rose

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: plants

Wilted flowers are cut off regularly.

An annual pruning promotes the Instinct and flowering of the houseplant, Shorten the shoots after the resting phase - before the start of the new shoot - by half.

The cut is done directly over a new shoot bud, which should show as possible to the outsideto achieve a nice growth habit. In addition, the rose is less frequently attacked by diseases when the bush grows lighter inside - the leaves can then dry faster.

During the growing season only withered leaves and flowers are removed. Make sure that at least one 5 cm long stem attachment obtained remains.

The general rule: Non-woody shoots can easily be cut with a sharp knife, while woody shoots can only be helped by a sturdy pruning shears. The cutting tool must always be clean, ideally even disinfected, and be sharp to prevent disease transmission or contusion of the plant tissue.

5 tips for roses as a cut flower

Maintain roses as a houseplant and cut flower: plants

Roses are cut at an angle to optimize water absorption.

A good rose care is initially dependent on the right time of harvest, which should be done when a lot of water is stored in the plant cells. In addition, there are care steps to take care of in order to enjoy the cut flowers for a long time:

  1. Cut the stems diagonally so that the plant can absorb as much water as possible. It would be ideal if the plant is cut under running water to avoid air in the stems.
  2. Unnecessary leaves and spines are removed, as they lead to rot and rob the cut flower much strength.
  3. First introduce Rose into hot water, then place in a clean vase with lukewarm water. The water should be at least 4 cm high to avoid premature rotting of the stem.
  4. Change the water every two days and rinse the vase vigorously to rid it of possible bacteria.
  5. The oblique cuts are also renewed every two days.

Rose diseases

Bred roses for the Kübelhaltung are often resistant, but they can also attack from rose diseases become. We have summarized the most typical clinical pictures and common treatment methods for you. Rose diseases

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Video Board: How to care Rose Plant (HINDI)