Rosewood is one of the most valuable woods there is. However, with the increasing scarcity of individual species, rosewood has lost some of its importance in recent years. What types of rosewood are still traded today, and what special qualities they have, can be found here.

Technical values

Reading Descriptionvalue
density1.0-1.3 g / cc
Medium volume density1,150 kg / m³
Compressive strength60 - 80 N / mm²
flexural strength110 - 150 N / mm²

Rosewood and rosewood

There are always confusions between the terms rosewood and rosewood. Although Roseis is called Rosewood in English, translating that name into rosewood is wrong. Rosewood is a wood of its own, with different characteristics (the Bahia rosewood). Another confusion is often with jacaranda trees. A Jacaranda species also bears the name Palisanderholzbaum, but has nothing to do with the rosewood, but belongs to a completely different genus of trees.

Types of real rosewood

There are different types of real rosewood wood:

  • Brazilian rosewood
  • East Indian rosewood
  • Sheesam
  • Santos rosewood (strictly speaking no real rosewood) and
  • Honduras rosewood

There are sometimes quite large differences between the individual species.



The grain is completely different depending on the species. For example, Rio-Rosewood hardly has any similarities with Sheesham in his drawing.


The color scheme is very different in the rosewood depending on the type. The Brazilian Rosewood is almost black, while the East Indian Rosewood has a distinct violet-brown color. Even lighter shades of brown are possible with individual species. Honduras rosewood, on the other hand, is slightly pale pink.


The many distinctly different species have consistently different properties. Common to all types of rosewood is the high hardness and impermeability, which is also responsible for the good acoustic properties

Shrinkage and drying

Rosewood only fades little in most cases. It also works little and is usually unproblematic in drying. Slow drying, however, has a very positive effect on the color of the wood in most species, including the East Indian rosewood.


All rosewood species are very durable and resistant. The sapwood is usually prone to attack by insects, but the heartwood of most palisander species is very resistant to fungus and insects. In addition, rosewood is usually particularly resistant to aging.


Rosewood has a very high importance, especially in instrument making. This is mainly due to the sound properties. Xylophones and marimbas are preferably made from rosewood. For high-quality guitars are frames and fingerboards and usually also the floors of rosewood. High quality recorders are also often made of rosewood. In addition, handles and handles for tools or household items of the upper class are often made of rosewood.

Rosewood in the interior

Rosewood veneers are considered very high quality, and are occasionally made. On the other hand, rosewood has hardly any significance in furniture making. The Rio Rosewood, which used to be so popular in the furniture industry, is barely on the market today, and today hardly any rosewood furniture is produced.


You can also get timber from us in the timber trade. The prices are different: Madagascar rosewood and Santos rosewood are usually around 10,000 EUR per m³, while the so-called "cultivated" rosewood, the variety Sonokeling, usually in the range between 12,000 and 15,000 EUR per m³.

Here you will find all types of wood at a glance

Tips & Tricks

According to the Washington Conservation Convention many rosewood species, including Rio Palisander, are no longer traded today. To be allowed to sell, the seller must in any case be in possession of a valid "CITES" document. This makes this wood hard to come by today.

Video Board: Jósean Log - Jacaranda (lyric video)