Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished

In spring and summer is barbecue season. Grilling in your own garden is a lot of fun, especially for grown-ups, and the little ones are already trying their hand at grilling masters who emulate their parents.

Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished: garden

However, caution is advised so that you can enjoy the barbecue fun undisturbed. Quickly cause serious burns or other injuries caused by the hot grill. In the worst case, garden furniture and plants are on fire.

Safe barbecuing starts with the setting up of the grill, the choice of grill igniter and the handling of hot embers and ashes. Here we give tips for a safe barbecue in the garden.

What makes grilling so dangerous?

The sources of danger when grilling will depend primarily on which grill is used. The classic is the charcoal grill, which gives the grilled meat, fish and vegetables a particularly smoky note.

However, the hot embers pose some dangers. Meanwhile, gas grills have prevailed, in which the storage of the gas cylinder requires special attention. Finally, one differentiates still the electric grill variant. This eliminates the charcoal smoke or the safe handling of the gas cylinder, but also reached this grill high temperatures.

Most grills underestimate the immediate danger posed by the hot grill. Often the cozy barbecue is also linked to increased alcohol consumption. As this affects the perception, the grill, the hot coal or the grill grate will be handled more carelessly, which in the worst case leads to severe burns or fires.

How to set up the grill best?

Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished: garden

The grill should have a firm footing

Many risks resulting from barbecuing in the garden can already be avoided by choosing a location and professionally setting up the grill. Just place the grill on a firm surface. An uneven surface carries the risk that it will tip over and spread the hot glow on the lawn or terrace.

When setting up the grill, make sure you have enough distance to combustible materials such as plants, awnings or garden furniture. A Distance of about three meters is considered sufficient.

Especially with a charcoal grill, it is important to set it up in the lee. Even in light wind conditions, dangerous flying sparks can ignite nearby combustible materials. In strong gusts of wind there is a risk of a jet flame.

Do not grill in closed rooms

Many barbecue friends know the problem: they have invited to a big barbecue party, but that day it rains. In this case, grilling must under no circumstances take place indoors, such as the garage or the garden shed, because the smoke builds up there and there is a risk of dangerous carbon monoxide poisoning for all present.

It is better to set up the barbecue under a canopy - safety distance to the house and flammable materials - and to celebrate with the guests in the house. In heavy rain, a covered barbecue or a water-resistant barbecue makes sense.

In addition to the danger of smoke poisoning are in the garden house or in the garage easily flammable objects. If the roof is made of wood, the sparks or a flame can quickly cause a fire.

Avoid burns when grilling

Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished: garden

Gloves protect against burns

So you do not hurt yourself when grilling, tools such as barbecue tongs and solid gloves are required. They protect against sparks, which dissolve in a light wind from the grill embers and cause painful burns on the skin. In addition, the gloves can be used to move the grate when the handle is not heat-resistant.

Even when using a gas grill, some safety precautions should be taken: Check that all connections are tight and that the cylinder is protected from heat. Also, after grilling, make sure that the bottle is tightly closed and stored away from inflammation.

After all, even the hot grilled meats and vegetables pose some dangers. Above all, with very fatty meat types dripping fat causes burning potential and jet flames can arise.

tip: Place the food in aluminum bowls on the rack. These absorb most of the fat and at the same time reduce the burden on the meat of carcinogenic substances that are created when the fat burns in the embers.

Do without fire accelerator

If you use a charcoal grill, you have to wait a long time for the coal to burn and it's hot enough to grill the meat. For shortening fire accelerators, such as spirit are often used. But at high temperatures, these agents pose dangers. Because of the high heat liquid components evaporate and can form a flammable cloud over the grill. The result is life-threatening deflagrations.

If fire accelerator is still used, it should be resealed after use and stored in a cool, dry place. Basically, you may only use these agents on charcoal that is not yet inflamed - otherwise there is a risk of back inflammation, it expands the penetrated vapor in the bottle and the flammable liquid passes out of the vessel. Consequently, flames with a length of five to ten meters are created.

Better are solid Grillanzünder in cube shape. Alternatively, when firing the grill, do not use the fire accelerator completely.

Also for the grill is a duty of supervision

On candle packaging you will often find the note: "Do not burn unattended". This note also applies to the grill. Be sure to keep the accelerator out of the reach of children and not moving too close to the grill.

Otherwise there is a risk that they will injure themselves on the hot grill or accidentally knock it over.

Proper behavior in case of fire

Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished: grilling

Fat burns should only be extinguished by suffocation, never with water

Should it come despite the above-mentioned hints but to a fire, it is particularly important to act quickly. Please note that burning fat on the grill should never be extinguished with water.

Remove the oxygen from the flames by smothering them with a fire blanket. If necessary, a damp - not dripping wet - towel is suitable. Alternatively, use a fire extinguisher specially designed for use with fat burning fires.

For burns on the skin, the affected area of ​​the body must be cooled. If a child has burned at the grill party at the barbecue and this incineration is greater than a one-euro piece, call the ambulance so that he or she can medically treat the burn. Afterwards you should cover the fire injury with a sterile compress, so that no germs get into the wound.

Precautions after grilling

After grilling, there is still the danger of a fire. Although the white color of the charcoal shows that the barbecue is extinguished, still glowing coals can still be found underneath. Often a gust of wind is enough to blow a few sparks on flammable materials. Strong wind can even slowly ignite red-hot coals. Basically, ashes and charcoal must be completely cold to dispose of them. Avoid putting the ashes in a flammable container. Better: use one Fireproof bin for disposal, Allow the ashes to cool overnight and, in the morning after the barbecue, extinguish them with water as a precaution.

Build a safe barbecue yourself

The greatest risk of fire and injury comes from a barbecue that is not safe, exposed to strong winds and is accessible from all sides. The latter is especially dangerous when playing children are near the grill. Who grills more often and has a handcrafted skill, can build a barbecue itself. This will ensure that it meets your expectations and high safety requirements.

A little tip for the beginning: Just look at the size of the self-built grill on the size of the grill. As stones, clinker bricks are particularly well suited because they are known for their refractory property. To make sure the barbecue is safe later, place it on a sturdy concrete floor slab. However, this concrete foundation is not mandatory. Make sure that the ground is flat and firm.

In order for the grill to remain fire-proof, the mortar must also have this property. Recommended is so-called fireclay mortar, which is particularly heat-resistant. It withstands even high temperatures of up to 700 degrees. If you do not trust your craft skills, you can get a prefabricated kit at the hardware store. Barbecues who want to build a barbecue without walls, opt for a gabion grill. A selection of free building instructions can be found under "BBQ building instructions".

When grilling, take care of neighbors

Safe grilling in the garden - so that the fun is not tarnished: barbecue


© Siegfried Bellach / pixelio.de

It is also part of the rules of behavior when grilling to take care of one's fellow human beings. Announce the barbecue ceremony in time in the neighborhood. Bear in mind that there are people who feel bothered by the barbecue smoke.

Please understand and do not invite you to barbecue in the garden every weekend, because your neighbors will not have to tolerate this and may complain about a considerable amount of harassment or call the police. Your grilling fun is clouded in this case by a complaint and a fine. In the worst case, this creates a neighborhood dispute that ends in court.

Whether and how often you can barbecue on the balcony and in the garden and various court decisions can be found in the article "Barbecues and tenancy law".

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