Saint Martin's Day: Tradition and History - History of St. Martin's Day

Saint Martin's Day: Tradition and History - History of St. Martin's Day: saint

Historical to St. Martin's Festival on November 11th

On the 11th of November is Martinstag. This day is full of customs and traditions around the sacred Saint Martin, But who was the man to whom we owe colorful lantern parades and juicy roast goats year after year?

The story of St. Martin and the beggar:

Martin of Tours lived in the period from 317 to 397 AD. As the son of a Roman officer, he was known and loved throughout the country for his generosity.

The best recorded story occurred on a February morning, when 22-year-old Martin returned home with his lad from a nocturnal ride. It was a hard winter with freezing cold and a heavy snowstorm blew the riders in the face. At the city gate stood a ragged beggar, who, shivering with coldness, scarcely uttered the words over his lips: "A gift, good sir."

Since Martin had just given away all his pay to poor peasants so they could pay their taxes, he just took his far coat and halved it with a sword stroke, He threw one half beggar Over the shoulders, so that he did not have to freeze.

St. Martin and the geese

A short time later, Martin was to succeed the late Bishop of Tours. But his modesty was so great that he was in theGänsestallHidden: in the darkness people were looking for himlanterns and some tuned songs.

Only when the geese were chattering aloud and telling him so, they discovered him. In 371 AD he became Bishop of Tours. The memory of him survived the centuries: so you follow Saint Martin today with songs and lanterns and then invites you to goose dinneron.

Traditions to Saint Martin

Among the best known traditions is the Craft the lanterns and the To sing the songs during the Martin trains. At the end of the train in many places the story of St. Martin and the beggar at a large Martinsfeuer listed.

After that, children usually get a bag with them small treats, such as apples, nuts and a little man, In other areas, people go from house to house with their lanterns and offer the inhabitants Martinslieder, which distribute sweets as a reward. Moreover, in some households this day will be one Martin goose prepared.

St. Martin: The horse came later

Saint Martin's Day: Tradition and History - History of St. Martin's Day: history

St. Martin and the beggar in a representation in the church window

Everyone knows the history of the mantle division St. Martin's: High Ross he gives the beggar half of his coat at his feet from. But wrong: He did not sit on a horse at all. The depiction on the horse springs from a representation from the early Middle Ages.

Honorable persons came as knights. As the name implies, knights are on horseback. So also St. Martin received a horse without further ado. In addition, his coat was the property of the military, which is why some sources say that he had to endure three days of arrestbefore he quit his service as an officer and was consecrated bishop of Tours.

When Bishop spent more miraculous acts, z. For example, he is said to have healed the sick and to have aroused the dead. For legends and background stories, visit the Martin von Tours website.

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Video Board: German Holidays - St. Martin's Day