Plant savoy cabbage and care

Plant savoy cabbage and care

Plant savoy cabbage and care: cabbage

The savoy cabbage (Brassica oleracea) is a cultivar of the vegetable cabbage and is characterized by its curly, wavy leaves. Depending on the variety, the vitamin-rich crop can even be harvested over the winter and made fresh in the kitchen.

Only since the 18th century is the kale increasingly grown in private kitchen gardens. The cabbage is much more robust than other types of cabbage and thrives in light care at the ideal location well. Meanwhile, hobby gardeners can now choose between numerous new varieties, which are particularly productive, fast or slow-growing or disease-resistant. If a vegetable patch is missing, the savoy cabbage can also be grown in sufficiently large buckets, but it then requires additional winter protection.

We have for you interesting information on cultivation and care of the Wirsing.

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The cabbage plant develops spreading, large leaves that become a natural eye-catcher in the garden. If you cultivate various savoy cabbage varieties in the vegetable patch, you can harvest and prepare fresh, vitamin-rich savoy cabbage leaves all year round. One distinguishes early, middle and late savoy cabbage types, which are also called summer, autumn or winter savoy cabbage.

Also in their cultivation, the varieties differ from each other: The sowing of early and summer savoy cabbage from February on the windowsill and from the beginning of May in the field. The cultivation of late varieties, however, takes place only from the end of July, whereby these cabbages can hibernate to -10° C in the vegetable patch. Even with prolonged frosts, the winter cabbage varieties can be harvested.

Depending on the variety and the desired size, gardeners count on one of the early varieties Culture time of 13-25 weeks and in late varieties with around 26-40 weeks, but the yield in autumn and winter varieties is usually higher.

Plant savoy cabbage and care: care

Savoy cabbage can be cultivated in different varieties in the bed as well as in the tub.

The Names of the individual savoy cabbage types can vary depending on the manufacturer. Nevertheless, some varieties have proven particularly suitable for home cultivation.

The savoy cabbage Savoy serve is an early variety with strongly ruffled and dark green leaves, which are ready for harvest around 90 days after transplanting. Thanks to its compact stature height, the useful plant is also suitable for cultivating on the balcony. Especially early zircon be harvested. The medium-sized plant has a particularly short development time and good interior quality.

The savoy cabbage of the variety Samantha forms a pointed head shape and is therefore referred to as Spitzwirsing. Its harvest takes place between July and October, the plant remains compact and requires little space in the bed. The new breed is exceptionally tender and aromatic. Marner Grüfewi is an advertised winter savoy cabbage and especially frost hardy. The harvest phase is between September and February, whereby the plants should be additionally protected by nonwovens during heavy frosts below -10° C.

Ideal location and optimal soil conditions

Plant savoy cabbage and care: cabbage

High lime content optimizes soil quality for healthy growth.

Savoy cabbage is less demanding than other cabbages. Nevertheless, it requires a humus-rich, well-drained substrate with a high lime content for healthy plant growth. Experts recommend a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.5 for a good crop yield.

All savoy cabbage varieties prefer a sunny location, but even in half-shady beds, the useful plant still thrives sufficiently well.

As with all types of cabbage, the rotation also plays a crucial role in savoy cabbage. Therefore, when selecting the location, remember that cruciferous vegetables can only be grown again after three years at the same location, so that the leached soil can recover. Otherwise threatens Infestation of plant diseases and pests, which nest in the ground over several years.

Plant savoy cabbage

Plant savoy cabbage and care: care

Savoy cabbage is one of the fastest-growing crops and needs sufficient space in the vegetable patch.

The ideal planting time The cabbage plant depends on the variety's requirements: Early and medium varieties are set outdoors between April and May, while late varieties do not move into the bed until August or September.

Generally it is recommended All Wirsingsorten preferred in advance in the interior. For sowing, place the seeds approx. 1 centimeter deep in nutrient-rich soil, observing at least one planting distance of 5 centimeters.

Clamp a perforated foil over the pot and keep the substrate evenly moist during the initial germination and growth phase.

Plant savoy cabbage and care: savoy

The cultivation of savoy cabbage must distinguish between late and early varieties.

If early varieties have reached a size of 10 centimeters, you will set in the vegetable patch from May. Experienced gardeners here find a planting distance of 35 centimeters sufficient, as the plants become less expansive than the late varieties.

The cultivation of the late Wirsingsorten takes place in early August. When the seedlings have formed two pairs of leaves, they are released into the open, where they can easily overwinter. Keep a minimum distance of 50 centimeters here.

tip: When leaning on the windowsill, avoid being near warm heating systems and therefore choose preferably a sunny windowsill in the unheated bedroom.

Maintain kale

Plant savoy cabbage and care: savoy

Slow-growing varieties tend to shoot, d. H. they form flowers during the growth phase. This should be avoided.

A few weeks before planting, it makes sense to prepare the substrate with humus and an extra portion of lime. Thus, the preferred young plants find optimal starting conditions for healthy growth.

Generally is the nutrient and water supply is crucial in the heavy-eating kale, because he develops very large leaves.

Fertilize with organic materials like compost or horse manure and work the fertilizers well into the soil. In order to meet the nutrient needs of the crop during its growth phase, it should be re-fertilized every two weeks between April and October.

tip: If approved for use in the garden Long-term fertilizer from the specialized trade If you want to use, then pay attention to a high lime content.

Water your savoy cabbage regularly and avoid excessive fluctuations in the moisture balance: Persistent dryness gets the savoy cabbage just as little as waterlogging. The plant becomes weak, forms fewer leaves and is more easily attacked by pathogens and pests. Late varieties should only be cast on frost-free days.

tip: Also deliberately selected neighboring plants can keep unpleasant pests away. Plant highly fragrant marigolds or tagetes for a natural fragrance barrier or place tomatoes between the cabbage plants to scare away caterpillars.

Diseases and pests

Plant savoy cabbage and care: cabbage

The yellow beet mosaic virus is transmitted by phytopathogenic insects. The leaves wither and the leaf veins emerge strongly.

In a first preventative step for pest control A special garden fleece should be placed over the freshly planted young plants as they very often fall victim to snails. In addition, the close-meshed fabrics keep the Small cabbage white fern, a butterfly that drops its eggs in the cabbage and whose larvae feed on the roots and above-ground parts of the plant. In case of heavy infestation it can come to a complete Kahlfraß, therefore diseased plants are removed as quickly as possible and disposed of with household waste.

The one for the savoy cabbage the most dangerous disease is the clubroot. The pathogen, a so-called slime mold, settles inside and multiplies abruptly. If the spores reach the ground, they can survive there for up to ten years. An infestation leads to thickened root areas, resulting in poorer nutrient uptake. Direct control is difficult, experts advise the use of calcium cyanamide. In addition, a cultivation break of at least seven years should be respected.

The Yellow turnip mosaic virus It mainly affects cruciferous vegetables and is transmitted by insects such as flea beetles or other beetle species. Summer varieties are less affected by this virus infection. Preventive avoid any action that causes stress for the plants, such as waterlogging and long periods of drought.

tip: Plant from the beginning resistant new breeds for a profitable harvest.

Harvest savoy cabbage and process it further

Plant savoy cabbage and care: plant

Savoy cabbage is cut into bite-sized pieces. Alternatively, large leaves are processed into cabbage rolls.

With the right cutting technique you can Extend the harvesting time of your spawning specifically. Always cut the required amount of cabbage leaves from the outside in with a sharp knife. As long as you do not injure the heart of the plant, ie the middle of the cabbage, new, vigorous leaves are always formed, which are harvested several times.

Savoy cabbage can unlike many other types of cabbage already harvested if the cabbage has not yet formed a solid head. The first leaves are particularly mild and tender and are ideal for a fresh salad. On the other hand, firmer leaves can be cut into bite-sized pieces and lightly fried in a pan. Also blanched and in combination with spicy sausages and potatoes savoy cabbage tastes very good.

Recipe: Savoy cabbage with spicy meatballs

Plant savoy cabbage and care: care

Savoy cabbage tastes particularly good with spicy-salty meat side dish.

Ingredients for the savoy cabbage:

  • 1 fresh savoy cabbage
  • 2 onions
  • 2 cloves of garlic
  • 300 ml vegetable broth
  • Salt, pepper, curry powder

Ingredients for the meatballs:

  • 400g mixed minced meat
  • 1 egg
  • 1 onion
  • 1 bony blue toe
  • 2 tablespoons mustard, medium hot
  • Salt, pepper, paprika noble sweet

preparation:

Chop onions and garlic as well as possible for the meatballs and mix with the meat. Add the egg and mustard and season to taste. Finally shape about 3 centimeters big balls and put the meat aside for the time being.

For the vegetables free the savoy cabbage from its outer leaves and quarter it. Then remove the stem and cut all other leaves into fine strips or pieces. Crush the onions and garlic and sauté in a glass of olive oil. Add the savoy cabbage and fry briefly, then deglaze with vegetable stock and season with salt, curry and pepper. Finally, lay the meatballs on the vegetables and the lid on the pot and let everything on low heat for about 20-25 minutes, until the meat is cooked.

Good Appetite!

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Video Board: Growing Cabbage - Tips & Harvest