Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades

Possibilities of slope attachment

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: attachment

Wall block as a slope attachment

In many gardens or on property boundaries there are Height differences in the terrainthat make it difficult to use the area.

Although some exercise in the Untergund can contribute to the natural charm of a garden, but as so often there are sometimes too much of the good here.

Who wants to support a slope, has various possibilities. Which method is ultimately the best depends on ground levelthat needs to be balanced and, of course, personal taste.

Slope stabilization must withstand enormous pressure and is additionally burdened by precipitation, which can wash out the soil and the foundations on slopes and reduce the stability of a slope attachment.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: slope

This load can be counteracted in different ways. A Gravity dam sets - as the name already suggests - on pure mass. Due to its own weight, it withstands high pressure and is therefore best suited for larger differences in level.

dry stone walls As an embankment protection look very natural and fit seamlessly into the garden idyll. To withstand the earth pressure, must the dry stone wall slightly inclined and needs a good foundation of coarse gravel or pebbles. Height differences of more than one meter should not be supported by dry stone walls.

A good blend of natural look and stability is provided by retaining walls made of stone baskets, so-called gabions.

The mesh baskets are available in a variety of sizes, with or without a filling, and hold bits or pebbles together so they can not slip off. By their weight and a slight inclination to the slope gabions provide for one permanent harbor embankment protection.

Heavyweight wall as slope attachment

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: stones

With a heavyweight wall particularly large differences in height can be compensated.

The wall gets its stability due to its great depth in relation to the height:

The base of the wall should be about one third of its height.

To shift the center of gravity of the wall towards the slope, it can taper unilaterally to the mountain side. This so-called "Startup" should be 5-10% be.

For the foundation the wall becomes one at least 80 centimeters deep ditch dug in wall width, plus 20 centimeters each for the frost protection layer, The trench is then filled to a quarter with coarse gravel, which is thoroughly compacted and leveled.

This frost protection layer prevents the freezing and the formation of stress cracks in the concrete foundation in severe winters and additionally ensures adequate drainage.

On the gravel is in 20 centimeters distance to the slope side one formwork erected for the concrete foundation and filled to just below the top edge with earth-moist concrete.

After curing, the formwork is removed and in the remaining trench to the slope side Dainagerohr placed at the end of the wall must have about 2% gradient to the expiration. Then fill with coarse gravel, and also slightly compact.

On the concrete foundation is now a brick wall with 5-10% startup high brick. Alternatively, the wall can be cast completely from concrete.rebar increases stability considerably. The back of the wall is sealed with a barrier sheet of sturdy foil or bitumen. Finally, the back of the wall is filled with coarse gravel, which in turn is covered with a layer of topsoil.

Hang slope with drywall

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: attachment

Who likes his garden as natural as possible would like to design, but around a embankment protection can not get around, which is best advised with a drywall.

First, a about 50 inches wider and 40 centimeters lower Ditch dug and the soil thoroughly compacted.

Then one will 20 centimeters thick layer coarse gravel or gravel filled as antifreeze and foundation in the ditch and also compacted.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: protection

Whether the surface is flat or not, is in the case of the drywall of minor importance, because even the stones used have no plane bearing surface.

Now gradually stones are piled up.

The stones should be as good as possible mesh and overlapto make the wall stable. Large and flat stones are set aside and later used for the top of the wall.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: embankment

In order to give the wall more stability can be applied on the inside after each layer, a layer of earth-moist concrete mixture.

It should be ensured that the concrete is not visible from the front later.

Every few layers, the back of the wall is filled with coarse gravel, which is carefully compacted so that the wall does not fall over.

Dry stone should be slightly inclined in the slope direction, so that they are stable.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: protection

Gabions as slope attachment

Gabions are wire baskets that are filled with rubble or large river pebbles. Like dry stone walls they are especially good suitable for natural gardens.

In the columns and cavities of the front of various plants can be set, which give the hillside attachment also incidentally, a wonderful look.

Tip: Best suited rock garden plants, which are relatively undemanding and tend to grow slowly.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: attachment

For one low slope attachment a single basket row can be enough. In this case, it can easily be placed on a foundation, even coarse gravel and filled with stones.

For medium to high fortifications you can also stack two rows. The baskets should be slightly inclined to the slope side; that gives the necessary stability.

Gabions are usually made of four to five millimeters thick galvanized steel wire and hold according to the manufacturer for up to twenty years and longer.

Plant troughs or plant rings

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: slope

So-called Plant troughs, plant rings or embankment rings offer a simple way to support slopes. Plant rings are usually made of concrete and are available in different colors and shapes.

The classic variant is round with one, sometimes two opposite bulges, which allow the stones to line up seamlessly.

The classic plant ring is 40 inches high and, if more than one row is being built, it should disappear about halfway down the ground in the bottom row. In order to create enough space for the foundation, one will first about 40 centimeters deep and 50 centimeters wide trench excavated.

The substrate is a layer of coarse gravel filled to a thickness of 20 centimeters compacted.

The more level the ground, the easier it will be to align the plant rings, so it does not hurt to place a board in between and check the slope with a water cart.

On the frost protection layer is a 10 to 15 centimeters thick layer of earth-moist concrete filled, in which the plant troughs along a stretched wall string are now pressed in and aligned one after the other.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: attachment

One should between the stones one Distance of about 5 millimeters comply to compensate for manufacturing tolerances. So that the water can run off later, enough holes are pushed into the still soft concrete. - Both in the rings, as well as from the outside! - It pays off here, if the mixture is tough and already reasonably stable.

Once the concrete is hard, the stones are filled with topsoil and the gap to the slope side is compensated with coarse gravel or gravel. On the next step, the next row of plant rings will be placed, which will be placed according to situation and taste, offset to the slope.

Again, you can distribute a little concrete mixture before placing the stones as additional stabilization. It must always be paid to sufficient drainage options, so that leachate can not later accumulate.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: slope

Natural slope fortification with groundcovering plants

Another method of protecting a slope from erosion are ground-covering plants whose heavily branched root system keeps loose soil.

Once planted, the plants spread quickly over the entire soil. On difficult soil or if an area has already slipped and the remaining soil is to be supported, pre-cultivated groundcover on coconut mats are recommended.

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: protection

Similar to a turf, lay the planted mats on the slope and water the plants regularly.

After a few weeks, they completely cover the mats. On steep walls or slopes with high incline, they are attached with pegs. For planting slopes are suitable:

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: embankment

  • Large-leaved periwinkle (Vinca major 'Hirsuta') with blue flowers
  • gold strawberry (Waldsteinia ternata) with yellow flower
  • ivy (Hedera helix 'Woerneri') with a reddish autumn color
  • Purple berry (Symphoricarpos chen 'Hancock') with pink and white berries

Palisades and Hangflorsteine

Slope attachment and embankment protection with embankment stones, plant rings and palisades: protection

Palisades or Hangflorsteine ​​come in different lengths and designs. The classic concrete palisade with one-sided indentation is in 40 and 60 centimeters Length available and usually has a diameter of 14 centimeters.

You can also use the shorter palisades as a bedding limit by placing them deeper in the ground.

When low embankment protection are suitable 60-centimeter concrete palisades preferably. You have to be sunk to about a third in the ground, that is, you can one Height difference of a maximum of 40 centimeters to make up for it.

First, an approximately 30-40 centimeters lower Digging ditch, the about a spade leaf wide should be. Then the underground is compacted and one at least 10 centimeters thick layer of coarse gravel introduced, which is again densified thoroughly. The ditch should be now about 20 to 25 inches deep and be as flat as possible at the bottom.

Next comes one 10 centimeters thick layer of earth-moist concrete mixed with coarse sand. The palisades are now pressed into this mixture. If the wall is to be straight, it is best to use a guideline. The tougher the concrete mixture, the more hold the palisades and the better they can be aligned. If necessary, the steles can be supported laterally with straight slats until the concrete has hardened.

In order to prevent the later water penetrates through the palisade row, it is to the mountain side with a Barrier track made of roofing felt or stable film covered. Then behind the palisades one drainage layer filled from coarse gravel and finally covered with a layer of topsoil.

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