Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits


The berry garden as a snack

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: create

In the Naschgarten grow berries and fruits, which are often eaten directly after picking. The shrubs grow in the garden and are also suitable as a container plant on the balcony. For such a garden, the different berries and fruits are suitable, such as figs, kiwis, blackberries, grapes or currants. There are also other lesser-known shrubs where delicious fruits grow, such as the cornelian cherry, the edible copper pear or the black mulberry.

In this article you will learn about the requirements of the berry bushes and small trees in their location and find tips on flowering time and the right harvest time.

Harvest grapes and berries in the Naschgarten

In summer and autumn ripen various berries and fruits. They include the sweet ones Grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and the fruits of the fig tree (Ficus carica), which is mainly native to the Mediterranean. Another exotic fruit, which ensures a rich harvest in the Naschgarten, is the kiwi, which grows on plants with the unusual name Radiation pencil (Actinidia chinensis) grows.

Grow vines

vines But also serve for decorative purposes in the garden, because they grow particularly well on a pergola or a trellis. Some varieties, such as Dea, Sladuschka or Centuri are also hardy and survive the frosty months easily in the garden. They grow in a sheltered location, for example on a south or south-west wall. They are also suitable as a container plant, provided that the pot has a capacity of at least 30 liters. Depending on the variety, the grapes can be harvested from August to October.

Plant and harvest kiwi

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: harvest

Kiwis ripen after harvest for several weeks

Likewise grow Kiwi plants on a trellis in the garden. The rayheads are more demanding than vines and require a slightly acidic soil with a pH between 4.5 and 5.5. Due to the variety of fruits that ripen on a plant, the trellis should be stable. As a location, a wind-protected south wall is ideal. However, not all varieties are winter-proof, which is why small-fruited kiwi plants in particular thrive better in this country. Nevertheless, the root area should be covered in winter. Since the plants are dioecious, one needs for fruits either a female and male or a self-pollinating plant. To prevent a strong growth, you should cut them regularly. After the first light frost in October, hobby gardeners can harvest the kiwis. Thereafter, the fruits should ripen in a cool place until they are ripe for consumption about three to four weeks after harvesting.

Grow figs and harvest

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: harvest

Ripe figs need to be consumed quickly after harvesting

Who in his garden figs would like to grow, should opt for a hardy variety as a container plant, for example, Violetta or Paradiso. With bucket and plant frost protection, they can withstand freezing temperatures down to -10° C, but should hibernate in harsh winters in a sheltered location. In addition, they prefer a sheltered, sunny or partially shaded location. However, fig trees are not suitable for the balcony on higher floors with cool air and winds. In addition, young plants must be provided with frost protection, for example with a fleece that is tied around the trunk. In addition, the shoots should be tied together and covered with a cold protection. Older fig trees are more resistant to cold temperatures. The harvest season starts for figs in August, as the fruits do not ripen uniformly, lasting until September. After the harvest, figs should be consumed quickly because they can not be stored for long.

Copper Rock Pear: ornamental shrub with edible berries

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: create

Ripe blackberries in the garden

On the other hand, those who have a sandy soil with a high permeability builds the Copper Rock Pear (Amelanchier lamarckii) in his snack garden. This ornamental shrub has white flowers and copper-red leaves in April, which turn green in summer and orange, yellow or red in autumn. Already in the summer months from July to August the shrub forms black-red, sweet berries, which can be processed with black currants to jam. It grows up to six meters high and up to eight meters wide and grows in sunny or semi-shade. In addition, it is frost hardy and can be planted directly in the soil.

Blackberries in the snack garden

Likewise are Blackberries (Rubus fruticosa) an enrichment for every snack. The black berries contain a lot of vitamins A and C, taste raw and are often used for jam. After planting in spring, the plants climb up on trellises and form from the second year in June and August white to pink flowers. Depending on the flower, blackberries are ready for harvest between July and October, recognizable by their dark to black color.

Apricots: cultivation and harvest

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: berries

Ripe apricots can be recognized by their orange, sun-facing back

A winter hardy shrub or small tree that tolerates temperatures down to -30° C, is the Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), also apricot called. Among the varieties suitable for the snack garden are u. a. the Kuresia and Kioto. The shrub or small tree reaches a height of up to six meters and can be easily planted in the snack garden by planting the stone. Beforehand, the pulp should be completely removed to avoid mold. Since apricot trees are very susceptible to disease and do not tolerate moisture well, they prefer water-permeable soils and a warm location where they are protected from rain, for example on a wall. In March and April, the trees show their pale pink to white flowers, before the apricots in July and Ausgust are ripe one after the other. Tip: An apricot is ready for harvest when it is orange on the shade side.

Cultivate cornelian cherries

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: garden

Blooming Cornus

Also a stature height of three to four meters reaches the shrub of Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas), It belongs to the wild fruit trees and is characterized by its easy care. The shrub is very frost hardy and thrives on dry soil. Already in February and March it forms bright yellow blooms, nevertheless the dark red berries are only fully matured starting from end of August and can be harvested still in the autumn. However, they have no similarities with cherries.

Black mulberry in the snack garden

As an alternative, the Black Mulberry (Morus nigra), This smaller shrub reaches a stature height of three to four meters and flowers from May to June in yellowish flowers. About two months after blossoms the first berries which in a mature state assumed a black coloring ripen. Depending on the flowering period, the sweet, aromatic fruits are ready for harvest between July and September. Black mulberries prefer a sunny, sheltered location.

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: create

Blackcurrants

Create a snack garden: harvest berries and fruits: create

Red currants

Black and red currants

Black and redcurrants (Ribes nigrum, Ribes rubrum) have a slightly sour taste and taste right after picking and as jam or cake toppings. Both species like a sunny spot in the Naschgarten, although blackcurrants grow well even in partial shade. The shrubs need enough water and a nutrient-rich soil. From July to August, the blackcurrants turn black or deep red during the summer, making them ripe for picking.

More berries for the snack garden

In addition, berry bushes, which are related to heather plants, provide ripe fruits for the snack garden during the year. Like blueberry, Cranberry and the increasingly popular cranberry in this country, which is usually known as Cranberry. The bushes of these berries are ground cover and can be used well as "filling bushes" between other plants. From June, the harvest season of these berries begins, which - depending on the variety - extends into September. Finally, the plants of the black-fruited chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) produce their fruits in September, which can be picked directly from the shrub and left to nibble.

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