How to build a stable partition: our great guide

With a lightweight partition you divide a room into two different areas - and get differently usable rooms. The practical wall can be erected even without static problems in the upper floors, is therefore part of the structural measures that normally require no official approval. Any gifted home improvement can build his own stable room divider himself, our guide makes your job easier.

Basic information on the topic »Partition wall«

A single large room does not always seem particularly practical, in some cases there is a need to separate it into two parts. This may create a small office space at the edge of the living room, a second nursery or just a cozy reading corner with a pleasant privacy.

The fixed or mobile partition wall is one of the most popular solutions in this regard. After all, it is not always possible to move into another apartment if the needs change!

However, before you decide on a real structural change, it is necessary to check the static conditions and if necessary to obtain a consent from the landlord. If you have problems in one of these two areas, you can alternatively resort to a mobile screen.

Do partition itself: These are the necessary preparatory work

You have come to the decision to build a solid partition? Then it's time to get ready for the first preparatory work to push the project forward. This is how you should proceed:

  • Measure the area to be separated exactly.
  • Take pen and tape to hand.
  • Use the guideline and spirit level to determine the course of the wall.
  • Mark the exact position of your future partition on the floor, wall and ceiling.

Take a closer look at the markings, commemorate the two not yet separated rooms and consider whether you have chosen the correct base dimensions. Your decision is still easily reversible!

The planning of the wall construction

Before you install the dividing wall, there is another point to consider: how exactly should your work look like, what functions should it have? Let's go through the following options:

  • Do you need soundproofing? This can be integrated into the partition.
  • Would you like to install sockets or light switches in the wall?
  • Is a door planned - or just leave an open doorway?

These questions should be answered before the first handshake, because when the finished partition is first, this can no longer be installed without much effort. Remember that doors have certain standard widths - and that special sizes are a lot more expensive.

Building the stand for the partition: That's how it works!

Now it goes to the first practical work, a stable stand for your partition must be! Remember that the flooring should be removed so that your wall comes to a stop directly on the screed. And now you can start!

Build your the stand for your partition either wood or metal. Wood can be processed more easily and flexibly, especially if it is done by lay hands. It also better insulates the sound and is inherently thermally insulating.

Use prefabricated frame profiles made of metal to build the outer attachment - or use stable squared timbers that can easily carry the wall. Work your way forward as follows:

  • Cut the frame profiles or squared timbers to length.
  • Attach the frame elements to the floor, wall and ceiling with pivot pins.
  • If you use metal parts, then you should soundproof them with foam tape.
  • Keep a distance of about 50 cm between the individual dowels.
  • In the metal profiles you mount the appropriate connection rails.
  • Now build the vertical at a distance of exactly 62.5 cm from center to center.
  • In between, you measure time and again with the spirit level, if everything is straight.

Now your finished stand system is in front of you, and you just have to move in the actual partition and of course provide for the above extras such as sound insulation and electricity. For the latter, please contact a trained electrician.

Insert insulating material into the partition

In the middle of the dividing wall, most craftsmen put in a layer of insulation boards to insulate the new structural separation against sound. These can be easily tacked to the wooden framework, but that's not even necessary:

It is sufficient to neatly clamp the insulation material between the frame elements, as it happens in the intermediate spar insulation usually. This holds and hardly works, but unfolds a permanent insulation effect.

Clarify the course of the power supply with your electrician at the latest and let him lay the cables. So you make sure that you can finally connect the desired sockets and switches in the right place.

Pull in the dividing wall: Now it's time to get in the right place!

Most artisans use lightweight, 62.5 cm wide solid panels to build a practical partition wall. For long walls and hurried hobbyists also offer twice as wide products that you can cope faster.

However, the big plates are more difficult to handle, they are heavy and very bulky. Also, make sure that the selected rigging elements provide you with a special fire protection, as this increases the safety in your living spaces.

  • First place the plasterboards on one side of the dividing wall and fasten them professionally with screws and possibly also with dowels. Make sure that the individual plates sit tightly against each other and cut them lengthwise before assembly.
  • On the front side of the plasterboards, mark those points where the electric cables must be pulled through later. Here you or the electrician must use the hole saw attachment of the drill to cut suitable holes for sockets and switches.
  • Next, attach the plasterboard panels on the other wall side in the same way. Make sure that the joints are slightly offset, which increases the soundproofing and stability.
  • If your wall forms a corner, leave a few millimeters free at the edge, which you will later fill with elastic grout. This ensures that no cracks form.

Now the time has come: your self-built partition stands! However, it still does not look very good, the greyish-green plasterboard surfaces with the many joints and screw holes are not suitable as a decorative visible surface. That's why there's no way around beautification!

Handle the surface of the partition professionally

First of all, thoroughly clean the surface of your partition from plaster dust; Pay particular attention to the joints and screw holes. In the same turn, check once again whether all screws are properly sunk. If not, it pays to turn it a bit further.

Chamfer the cut boards a little at the edges with the craft knife, so that a sufficiently large joint is created. Now treat the entire surface with a deep primer to reduce its high absorbency and form a bonding agent for subsequent coatings. Here we go:

  • Mix special filler for plasterboard with water.
  • Now level the connection joints with the trowel.
  • Start with the vertical joints at the bottom.
  • If necessary, insert joint tapes, depending on the putty.
  • Pull your fillings neatly smooth.
  • Also fill the screw holes.
  • Now let everything dry.
  • Sand the dry putty points smooth and remove the dust.
  • If necessary, fill in any existing defects again.
  • Once again let everything dry, then grind again and remove dust.
  • The result is particularly clean with a »Finish« fine filler.
  • The transition to the solid wall and the ceiling are covered with acrylic.

After the construction of the partition: That's how it gets really nice!

Finally, it's time for the beauty work: A really smooth plasterboard wall can be easily painted in your favorite color. Who wants to bring as much life into the room, uses superimposed glazes.

You may also decide to wallpaper the plasterboard surface. It works like on any other wall too, thicker wallpaper covers even the possibly existing putty marks.

With laminate panels or tiles, you will decorate your partition so skilfully that no one will expose it more than a simple drywall surface. The result is pleasantly noble and absolutely perfect! Also a special decorative plaster keeps on this kind of wall.

Tips & Tricks

Before painting, gluing or cladding the self-made partition, you should apply the door frame. Otherwise, you risk that when installing the frame something is damaged again and you need to mend your beautifully designed surface.

Artikelbild: Bertold Werkmann / Shutterstock

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