Spade comparison 2018

Purchase advice for spade comparison or test 2018

  • Spades have been around since antiquity. They replaced as a tool the primitive digging stick and were used in particular by the Romans as a means of road construction or in the construction of ditches and ramparts.
  • Today, spades are mainly used in the garden, camping, in agriculture, but also in military use. Many different types of spades have evolved over the years to meet different needs.
  • Spades made of stainless steel are considered particularly high quality. They are easy to maintain and do not rust, which is why every professional gardener should prefer powder-coated steel versions.

Spade comparison 2018: spade

The spade is part of the basic equipment of any gardener or hobby gardener. In particular, who is one of the 16.33 million Germans, according to a survey by the IfD Allensbach (Institute of Demography) according to 2016 put special emphasis on gardening and garden design, the use of appropriate gardening tools will hardly pass.

If you do not have a good spade for working in the garden, take a look at our spade comparison 2018. In it, we give you a comprehensive purchase advice, in which we inform you about the different types of spades and tell you what you should pay particular attention to when you are looking for your personal spade test winner.

1. The spade - A tool of antiquity

Building a classic spade

The spade, also referred to as a spade shovel, is a simple tool that consists of a handle, a handle and a sharp-edged or pointed blade with which the puncture is made in the earth.

The Garden Tool, widely used today as a Gardener Spade, has a long history that can be traced back to antiquity. Although there are assumptions that already Egyptians and Greeks used spades as tools for digging (or spades were known in prehistoric times), The use of spades by the Romans can be proved perfectly.

Historically as the successor of the so-called grave-stump - a sharpened stick that was used for digging and rooting - The Roman spades consisted almost exclusively of iron, As metal it had already in the Mediterranean area between 1.200 and 1.000 v. Chr. Chr. The much softer bronze largely detached. With the decline of the Roman Empire, at first the knowledge about blacksmithing disappeared, which first had to develop anew in the Middle Ages.

Spade comparison 2018: 2018

The spade is often used for shoveling and digging in the garden.

Spades were used above all for digging channels, for building roads, but also for civil engineering and earthworks before the onset of industrialization. Today, spades are mainly used in horticulture, construction and agriculture. In camping and in the military, special variants such as field or folding spades are often used.

What pros and cons of folding spades with respect to classic spades bring, you will find in the following overview:

  • extremely compact dimensions
  • easy to stow thanks to foldability
  • low weight
  • quite short and therefore bad standing
  • smaller leaf area

2. Spade types at a glance

Anyone who deals with a spade test or comparison, will notice that spades are usually divided into different categories. Due to the multitude, we would like to introduce you to three different types:

Spade Typeparticularity
Klappspaten

Spade comparison 2018: spade

  • The folding spade is a foldable special form of the spade, which is mainly used for camping or in the military.
  • Variants that have a fixed leaf that can not be folded are also referred to as field spades.
  • Spade blade and spade stem are connected by a hinge.
  • Most models are kept fairly short to ensure good stowage (unfolded length of about 50 to 70 centimeters).
hole sponsors

Spade comparison 2018: spade

  • Hole spades are also referred to as Erdlochschaufeln, hand excavator or Pfahllochausheber.
  • They consist of two opposite spade leaves, which are bent so that round holes can be excavated.
  • Hole spades are used above all when lifting vertical holes for fence posts.
Digging fork

Spade comparison 2018: spade

  • A spade fork, also called digging fork or forked spade, is similar in shape to a normal spade, except that it does not have a classical leaf, but several prongs.
  • The tines are pointed and only slightly curved.
  • The grave fork is used to move and loosen the upper soil layer and to dig up plants without damaging them significantly. Even earthworms and other small animals are spared.

3. Purchase criteria for spades: You must pay attention to this!

Spade comparison 2018: 2018

High quality spade by Gardena made of stainless steel.

If you want to buy the best spade, you should consider a few criteria - including material and leaf shape - which we would like to introduce to you below.

3.1. material

Boron, stainless steel or unhardened steel are often used as spade material. Forged spades made of boron or stainless steel are of particularly high quality, as they are easy to clean and rust-free. The situation is different, however, with unhardened metal or steel. Expert Julia Seyffart of the Fiskars Germany GmbH revealed in an interview with lets-rebuild.com that such spades are often of inferior quality, among which stability generally suffers greatly.

But the weather resistance is not unlimited given cheap spades made of unhardened, powder-coated steel, so you Care should be taken to ensure that the coating remains intact, otherwise there is a risk of rusting.

Avoid rust: In order to avoid the formation of rust in powder-coated steel, it is advisable to care for such garden blades well and repainting at the first sign of a broken coating.

If the entire spade is forged, the stem is also made of suitable metal. In most cases, the stem is made of wood, where robust and at the same time flexible hardwoods such as ash are used especially for high-quality models.

3.2. leaf shape

As a rule, a distinction is made between two different leaf shapes. Depending on the type of soil on which the ground-breaking ceremony is to take place, the different models are more or less well-suited:

Rectangular spade with slightly curved or straight piercing edge:

Spade comparison 2018: spades

Two different spade leaves: on the left a pointed one for stony surfaces, on the right a rounded one for stone-poor soils.
  • suitable for stone poor grass floors
  • suitable for loose soil

Triangular or semicircular spade with pointed edge:

  • suitable for very stony soils
  • suitable for root-penetrated soil

3.3. Length of the stalk and width of the spade leaf

The size of the spade is made up of the length of the spade stem and the width of the spade blade. Length does not just depend on personal preferences, but also on health. If you want to work upright and, above all, back-friendly, He should choose garden tools such as spades or diggers with a stem length of 70 to 75 centimeters.

Tip: As an orientation it can be roughly determined that a person about 1.60 meters tall requires a spade with a total length of about 1.05 meters, whereas the spade with a height of 1.80 meters requires about 1.15 meters, at a size of 1.95 meters, however, should be about 1.25 meters long.

Spade comparison 2018: 2018

The width of the spade blade should be chosen for tedious work with solid ground as with this Fiskars spade so that a foot can be taken to assist in grooving.

When using the spade in the garden or other outdoor activities, it also depends on the width of the spade sheet. It is important that, in particular in strenuous grave work in solid ground a sufficiently large surface area (for the feet) is available, which can save you a lot of power during grooving during gardening.

Most commercial spades have a width of 19 to 20 centimeters - at a length of 30 centimeters - on, which should be absolutely sufficient for normal use in the garden. But even spades with a narrow blade can be advantageous under certain circumstances. Although the feet can not be used ideally to support here, however, such spades can be used by people with little strength in loose soil problem-free.

3.4. handle shape

Spade comparison 2018: used

Different forms of grip: Above a spade with D-, below one with T-handle.

The shape of the handle can be divided into two types: On the one hand there are spades with D-grip, on the other hand those with T-grip.

With the T-handle, the handle ends with a short horizontal bar, which looks like a large T in combination with the handle. When D-handle the stem opens in a more or less semicircular shape, which is completed at the top by a likewise horizontal connection.

Tip: Whether you opt for a spade with D or T handle is ultimately a matter of taste. Neither handle has significant advantages and disadvantages over the others.

3.5. mass

The weight does not play a central role in most spades. Many models only move in a frame between 1.4 and 2.3 kilograms. Models over two kilograms should not be a problem, especially for most men. However, if you only have low arm power, we recommend lightweight models with a weight of 1.4 to 1.6 kilograms.

Spade comparison 2018: spades

4. Questions and answers about spades

4.1. How much is a good spade?

Spade comparison 2018: spade

This stainless steel blade is not suitable for piercing into solid soil.

You can already buy a cheap spade for less than ten euros. However, such models are usually not very high quality because they are usually made of powder-coated steel, which is maintenance-intensive and can rust over time if the coating is damaged. High-quality stainless steel models are usually much more expensive. Depending on the model and brand, they often cost between 20 and 50 euros.

4.2. What's the difference between spades and blades?

The differentiation of spade and garden shovel is easy to understand. Expert Julia Seyffart explained:

"Spades are meant for tillage, z. B. for digging a plant hole for a tree, blades for moving bulk material such as soil, sand or snow. The spades are still differentiated between pointed and round models, which are suitable for different soil types and substrates. With round spades, for example, normal garden soils with a layer of grass on a soft surface can be easily digested, as well as loose soils. Also the digging of planting holes is simply done. On the other hand, pointed spades are suitable for stony or hard soils as well as for those with roots. "

Julia Seyffart, Fiskars Germany GmbH

4.3. How do I sharpen a spade?

Spade comparison 2018: spade

A spade is ideal for digging flower beds.

Anyone who, for example, as a gardener has his spade regularly in use, should subject this from time to time a spade test and sharpen him in case of difficulty, if necessary. Finally, the constant use leads to a blunting of the sheet. To get the spade sharp again, you can file the piercing edge with a metal file. Alternatively, a grinding wheel with a surface cut can be used.

4.4. Which important brands and manufacturers are there?

Particularly well-known and high-quality manufacturer of spades are the companies Fiskars and Gardena, which could even be the test winners of Stiftung Warentest with garden tools such as garden shears or ratchet scissors. In addition, there are a number of other manufacturers of spades, some of which are listed below:

  • Amtech
  • Baack spade
  • Belanus
  • Bosch
  • Burgundy and Ball
  • Conney
  • Friend Victoria
  • Gardol
  • ideal
  • lux
  • SHW
  • Silverline
  • Truper
  • Wolf garden

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Video Board: 2018 vs. 2017 KATE SPADE PLANNER COMPARISON