Spade: No simple shovel

Two spades

The spade is one of the essential tools for gardening: with it, solid soil can be dug up and loosened, it lifts holes for planting and can pull gutters and hollows to the sowing.

Spades consist of a flat piece of metal, the so-called spade blade, a handle and a handle. Depending on the design of this handle is spoken by a spade with T-handle, a knob or a D-handle.

Spades are also used in the construction industry, mostly pommel spades. These are larger and heavier, have a thicker and more stable blade and are e.g. used in road construction. Of course, such spades can also be used in the garden; They are just quite expensive and a bit unwieldy in the operation.

Overview: Spades for gardening

  • Quality features of a good spade
  • Spades in action: the spade culture
  • Folding spade: The "hand excavator" for camping, outdoor and garden
  • Links to the other gardening tools

Quality features of a good spade

A spade is a highly loaded tool: When levering the digging, especially in loamy soils, enormous forces on stem and spade blade. Therefore, both should be high quality and stable processed.

You will usually recognize a good spade at the tread edges above the spade blade: If these are carefully beaded and not sharp-edged, it is usually a good spade - apart from the fact that you should of course give preference to brand quality.

Important is, of course, the ergonomics, d. H. the length of the spade: The stem has an optimal length when the spade, which is placed vertically on the ground, reaches to the lowest rib of the user.

Spade handle shapes

Spade handle shapes

Spades in action: the spade culture

Digging with spades

Previously, in the fields and in garden centers in the field with large feldspars, the soil was re-dug for replanting. Today machines have taken over. In the garden or in the allotment garden, however, the spade is still irreplaceable. A dugout bed is, in the old tradition, also referred to as "spade culture". This can be created in two ways:

Krumentiefes digging (1-spade deep spade culture)

Here, the spade is stabbed and the lifted earth lumps are placed the other way back into the ground. Thus, the fertile, top humus layer spreads into the deeper layers of the earth and the soil is improved.

Dutch (2-spade-deep spade culture)

In Dutch, two spade-wide strips must first be staked out of the ground. Then the humus layer of the first strip is dug up with the spade and placed at the end of the piece to be moved around. Then you dig the first strip around, then the humus layer from the second strip is placed on the first, this goes on to the end of the bed. The advantage lies in the greater mixing and high processing depth of the soil.

Folding spade: The "hand excavator" for camping, outdoor and garden

You only have a small garden or you want to participate in the trend sport "guerrilla gardening"? In that case, the extremely practical folding spade in these application areas should be recommended to you, also referred to as "hand excavator" among Bundeswehr soldiers.

The little spade does great things: those who cam in the thunderstorm and have to pull rain dikes around their tent appreciate it as much as the soldier who has to dig ditches and shelters. In small gardens, the folding spade definitely offers a space-saving alternative to the "normal spade" - and it is boundlessly mobile.

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