Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb

Planting and cultivating sage

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: medicinal

Sage is one of the oldest spice and medicinal plants in the world and forms its own plant genus in the family of the Lipblütengewächse. The genus includes up to 900 different species that differ in their spice and healing properties.

The opposite arranged leaves The aromatic fragrant plant is slightly hairy and velvety soft. For further processing, both the leaves and the stems and flowers, which present themselves in different colors and shapes.

The medicinal plant can with many slight complaints preventive and for acute treatment However, during pregnancy, consumption is discouraged.

Below you will find lots of information about the right cultivation and for targeted care of sage in the garden.

Variety of sage

Garden friends generally differentiate between two different types of sage, which differ in their share of essential oils. So less aromatic sage varieties do not serve as a spice and medicinal plant spelled out, but mainly as a colorful ornamental shrub in the home garden. Particularly striking flowers developed, for example, the blue meadow sage (Salvia pratensis) or the red flowering fire sage (Salvia splendens).

botanist differentiate not only in terms of the potential spice, but especially related to growth characteristics and other characteristics of the plants. Here are three basic types of sage.

Sage as a subshrub

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: herb

Lavender varieties bloom in different seasons in different colors and shapes.

As a first group are Semi-grown specimens to call. These species characterize the picture of Mediterranean landscapes together with lavender, rosemary and Co. Known representative of the shrubs is the garden sage (Salvia officinalis), which is available in about 20 different varieties, which differ mainly by their individual foliage coloration.

Particularly popular representatives are variegated varieties like tricolor or icterina, as well as the red-leaved variety purpurascens, Also known is the lavender-leaved sage (Salvia lavandulifolia) with its upright lavender blue inflorescences. He is especially liked to grow in the garden.

Sage as a perennial

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: plant

The sage leaves are velvety-soft and often silvery-gray.

The staudig growing varieties One finds increasingly on meadows and in the steppe, therefore these sage plants prefer calcareous, loose ground. In addition, perennial sage flowers twice and is thus a special ornament in the summer garden. The best known representative of the perennial sage is the summer sage (Salvia nemorosa), which shows itself in many different forms.

A short-lived variety is Marcus, while the variety Cardonna can grow up to 70 centimeters high with their dark purple stems.

An insider tip is the variety Mainacht, which already blooms in May and thus can be admired in front of all other sage species.

Sage as an annual plant

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: medicinal

Sage flowers lure many insects into the summer garden.

In contrast to the perennials and half bushes are the one-year-old species of sage, which often flowers only in autumn. Therefore, one speaks of so-called short-day plants, because they form buds only as the days get shorter. In a warm greenhouse, the mostly red or blue flowers show up in the winter. Particularly popular are the red fire sage and the blue-flowering Mehlsalbei (Salvia farinacea). As a kitchen spice are particularly well the red-flowering honeydew melon sage or exotic pineapple sage (Salvia elegans).

Site claims and planting

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: spicy

Sage can be seeded from April. Faster to plant cuttings.

Sage is a Mediterranean plant and places demands on its location. This should be full sun and have warm and dry soil with a high lime content. Here sage seeds can be seeded from April.

Since it is in sage, as in many Mediterranean herbaceous plants, The seed is placed on the moist soil, pressed down and covered with very little soil. Alternatively, a covering earth layer can be completely eliminated.

In the initial growth phase always keep the substrate sufficiently moist, However, avoid waterlogging. After 7-21 days, the sage germinates and can finally be separated from mid-May with a planting distance of at least 30 centimeters.

tip: Planting is easier and faster of early seedlings or cuttings that can be immediately placed in the ground in the field.

Cultivate sage and overwinter

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: plant

Even perennial varieties need additional winter protection. The leaves persist in winter.

Already at the planting it applies to put on an optimal substrate Finally, the sage can thrive well without much effort. Organic fertilizer gets the sage much better than a synthetic product. Put more on well rotted compost and not on fresh manure, as sage quickly tends to overfertilize and then forms only weak, pale stems and stops the flowering.

After a few years, sage begins to lignify gradually. To delay this development, the plant must be harvested regularly. In addition, cut all shoots in half in autumn, where always green pieces of energy make up the end should not cut too deeply into woody plant parts.

Also winter hardy varieties should be protected from heavy frosts by brushwood or special nonwovens. Potted plants can spend winter in the interior, However, pay close attention to the following: put the potted plants on mild days in the blazing sun outside.

tip: In the second year can from March with a monthly, low dose of whole fertilizer a healthy plant growth can be supported.

Sage harvest and dry

Plant and maintain spicy medicinal herb: medicinal

Sage is very hardy, but should be collected on dry mornings.

As is the case with all spice herbs the highest percentage of essential oils before flowering, therefore, in all flowering sage species, the principle is that leaves should be harvested at the beginning of flowering.

After flowering, the plant falls into a resting phase, where it stops its growth. To prevent this, the flowers can be removed prematurely. Now, however, the sage also forms no seeds from which new plants can be grown. For this, the shrub grows longer and can thus be harvested over several weeks.

Generally not single leaves, but rather the entire branch is cut off with a sharp knife become. So you prevent a lumber and the plant drives faster again. Now the washed leaves can be used fresh or dried.

For drying several stems are tied together to form an ointment and hung upside down in a dry place, After a good two weeks, the herbs are completely dried and can be used as a spice in the kitchen.

Tip: If you gently shower your sage sage with a watering can in the morning The clean leaves can dry until lunchtime. In the morning, before the onset of midday heat, the leaves are then harvested dry with a stalk.

Similar sites

  • Plant and cultivate kohlrabi
  • Pull and care for peppermint itself
  • Plant and maintain dill herb
  • Plant, cultivate and harvest basil
  • Plant and cultivate marjoram
  • Plant and maintain hydrangeas
  • Plant and cultivate runner beans and bush beans
  • Plant savoy cabbage and care
  • Canna plant, nurture and overwinter
  • Plant and maintain fat hen
  • Plant and maintain thyme
  • Plant geraniums as potted plants and care for them
  • Plant and care for lavender properly
  • Plant and care for smooth and curly leaf parsley
  • Plant and maintain rhubarb

Video Board: How to Plant a Culinary Herb Garden! DIY Kitchen Garden