Chipping or splitting ax?


Above all, owners of a wood or wood burning stove will sooner or later deal with the question of whether they should use a splitting ax or a slitting hammer. Where the differences lie and under what circumstances split-hammers or split ax are recommended, you can read below.

Ax, splitting ax and slitting hammer

For many people, the problem of "splitting ax or split hammers" may be accompanied by an even more urgent issue when they are in front of the corresponding shelf in the hardware store: what is the difference between ax and splitting ax, splitting ax and split hammers, because in fact so distinguished:

  • Ax or universal ax
  • Spaltaxt
  • Maul

Universal ax and splitting ax

The difference between a conventional and a splitting ax is still understandable for many, if they stand in front of the corresponding products in the hardware store. The splitting ax has a much more powerful head and the blade is accordingly rather like a riving knife apart.

The difference between the splitting ax and the splitting hammer

But if you want to differentiate between the splitting ax and the splitting hammer, it gets a bit trickier. Because the differences between the two splitting tools are marginal. In principle, a splitting ax can have the same blade or ax head as a splitting hammer. And also in the grip length of a splitting ax a splitting hammer can also be called a splitting hammer. The difference can be explained as follows.

The head of the split hammer may be heavier than that of a splitting ax. The grip can also be considerably longer than with a splitting ax. Now a chipping hammer can be called a chipping hammer, if only the head is heavier or only the stick longer. One of the two features should therefore have the chipping hammer. However, if it is clearly a splitting ax presented as a splitting hammer, the product is likely to be from a foreign country, and the translation might go awry, or the person writing the tool would not know the difference.

But where is the concrete difference in usage?

There are certainly reasons that speak either for a split-ax or a split-hammer. An all-round properly constructed chipping hammer has a much longer grip (which is limited by the splitting ax to a maximum of 70 cm) and a heavier head. In addition, the blade opposite surface should be flat as a hammer in any case.

Splitting wedges to the splitting hammer

The splitting ax is better if the space is rather poor. In addition, less dense wood can be split very well with a splitting ax. In contrast, the split hammers develop considerably more force due to the longer handle and larger head.

Therefore, it is suitable for dense, hard wood, wet or even trunk wood, which is not yet split. Therefore, the most important accessories of a split hammers should also include riving knives, which can be comfortably driven into the wood with very unruly wood with the other head side.

Tips & Tricks

Regardless of whether it is a split hammer or a splitting ax - when used intensively, each of the two blades becomes dull. How to sharpen the blade of a splitting ax or a cleaver, you can read here in detail.


Video Board: You will Never Split Wood the Same!