A staircase made of wood for inside or outside


A wooden staircase is mainly used for two types of stairs. Either the staircase covers a substructure made of concrete or individual treads form in a cheek or stretcher staircase made of wood or metal simultaneously covering and level. Normally, wood on a concrete substructure is referred to as a staircase.

external stairs

At the beginning there is the question of whether the wooden staircase is intended for stairs in the house or for outdoor use. Wooden stair treads that are exposed to wind and weather. In the outdoor area, both the construction method and the selection of the wood must be adapted to the claim.

A wooden staircase "works" and reacts by contracting or shrinking and enlarging or swelling to temperature, humidity and moisture. The effect of the weather can be reduced by a roofing. Sealings of the stairs by painting are not recommended and should be replaced by breathable glazes. As woody plants for outdoor staircases come into question:

  • Oak
  • Sweet chestnut
  • larch
  • robinia
  • teak

interior stairs

For timber staircase construction in the interior, the selection of woody plants for the staircase covering is significantly more extensive. For internal stairs are in addition to the listed types of wood also:

  • maple
  • acacia
  • pine
  • cherry
  • walnut
  • Wenge

Soft woody plants such as spruce and sapwood are not recommended as a staircase. In wood staircase construction these types of wood can be used for the production of stair stringers. Wood for use as a staircase should always consist of heartwood, which has the highest abrasion resistance and the lowest swelling and shrinkage.

Construction and installation

When using wood as a staircase, for example, mounting on a concrete substructure should always be as punctual as possible and as "open" and "airy" as possible. So screwing is always preferable to sticking.

In the case of a solid wooden staircase, the storage of the stairs should preferably consist of supports with movement joints. Any freedom of movement for a wooden staircase extends the life of the stairs and largely prevents the creaking or squeaking.

Tips & Tricks

If you are planning a wooden staircase, find out about the type of wooden staircase that is suitable for your needs and location. Carpenters and carpenters will help you best.


Video Board: How to Build Stairs