Butt joint

Butt joint: wood

A connection "on impact" is the simplest variant of a wood connection. The wooden parts become barely addedbut more or less as they are interconnected.

At a right angle corner connection, z. B. for a drawer, the end grain of one piece abuts the end grain of the other piece of wood. If necessary, the front side, d. H. sawed off the end of the resting workpiece at the desired angle and connected to its counterpart.

Butt joint: connection

Screwed wooden box

As reinforcing fasteners are used in the Usually used screws, You can nail butt joints also, but a bolted connection is much more resilient and usually easier to manufacture.

Another Variant is the use of round or flat wooden dowels, as used in the tongue-and-groove connection.

Butt joint: butt

Coating dimension for scribing measures

In a butt joint is important that you consider the wood thickness when cutting the wood.

For example, if you want to build a square box with 19 millimeters thick wood and a side length of 60 centimeters, the length of the two shorter side panels is only 56.2 centimeters.

The measure can be determined by looking from the targeted side length twice the material thickness withdraws.

Materials and tools

  • Screw or clamping clamps

    Butt joint: joint

    Cross-section and countersunk screws
  • Tape measure or folding rule
  • marking gauge
  • Absetzsäge
  • wood glue
  • Sanding block and sandpaper

    Butt joint: joint

    Mark the drill holes


  • Wood screws, wood drills, hand drill

    Butt joint: joint

    Drill bit with hole depth adjustmentBore holes
  • Nails, locksmith or claw hammer, countersink
  • Wooden dowel, dowel tip, wood drill with drilling depth adjustment

Instructions Connection on push

Clamping the workpieces

Butt joint: connection

Markings set with dowel tips

Bring them to you connecting wooden parts with screw or clamping clamps in the right position. If needed, you should use printing allowancesso that no surface damage occurs on the wood. Make sure that the clamps are mounted so that you can easily work on the connection.

Connect with screws or nails

Butt joint: butt

Markings set with dowel tips

Measure the wood thickness of the workpiece with its measuring tape or folding rule, which is to be connected to its counterpart on its front side.

Butt joint: wood

Drilling the holes in the counterpart

Then the scoring of the measure is done by using a Spreading measure transmits half of the determined measure on the outside of the counterpart, This ensures that the screws or nails are not inserted too close to the edge of the workpiece later on.

Butt joint: joint

Assembly of the workpieces

When connecting with screws, but also with thicker nails, you should pre-drill the holesso that the wood does not split when screwed.

Through the longitudinal wood of a piece of wood you drill into the end grain of the opposite workpiece.

The diameter of the drill must be a few millimeters lower its than the screw or nail diameter.

This is safe and secure stably screwing in a screw or hammering in a nail guaranteed. Generally, two-thirds of the screw or nail should be in the load-bearing timber section.

So that the screw head does not protrude from the workpiece, you should remove so much material with a hand - held drill that the Screwed head into the wood can be.

If you want to hide the head of the screw, you can do one before Lift the chip off the workpiece and after screwing glue again. Alternatively, you can also use a cap, which is placed on the screw head.

To bring a nail as deeply and unobtrusively in the wood and indeed without injuring the workpiece, you should use a sinker. Later, you can kitten the hole, so that the impact point is almost invisible.

Connect with wooden dowels

If you decide for wooden dowels (see also miter and tongue and groove) is from the outside no longer recognizable, which means of connection used has been.

This will be done on one Workpiece Drill holes according to the dowel diameter and half the dowel length drilled. Simply succeed when using a drill with a drilling depth adjustment.

Around the holes in the It is best to use dowel points for the counterpart, which are inserted into the holes of the first workpiece and leave markings on the counterpart with its spike. Then drill the holes halfway along the dowel length and join the work pieces with a wooden dowel.

Cleaning, gluing and plastering

The simplest variant is the connection with wood glue. The choice of glue depends on the wood used. It is only important that the surfaces to be glued are clean and dry. Much more stable, however, the connection with the Use of screws, nails or dowelswhich are also used in most of the cases.

Only with small wood or handicraft is already this time waived. After the glue has dried and the bonding agents are introduced into the wood, you can Remove the frame from the screw or clamping clampsthat break frame edges and smooth the frame.

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Video Board: How To Make Pocket, Miter and Butt Joints | Craftsman