Create a stone wall

Everywhere around the houses people put on the most diverse walls. Stone walls made of natural stone enjoy a high popularity. These can be applied either dry, without mortar, or wet, with mortar. The following instructions describe the laying of a stone wall with mortar.

Various stone walls

Walls are an important component and they are used in many ways. First, a distinction must be made between dry and wet walls. Wet walls are built using mortar, but dry walls are squeezed and tilted. Depending on the type of use different types of wall can be distinguished:

  • Garden walls (within a garden)
  • Boundary walls (plots)
  • Demarcation and retaining walls (different levels)
  • Walls for terracing (retaining walls)

Natural stones or building blocks

The walls themselves can be made of either industrially manufactured blocks or natural stones. Many stone walls serve as a garden wall within a property. Therefore, we describe below the creation of such walls. The instructions also refer to mortared walls.

Wet or dry

Whether mortared or drywall, first a foundation must always be created. However, this differs significantly between masonry and dry stone walls. To build a drywall you will receive detailed instructions for the foundation of a drywall. In addition, we provide numerous tips and tricks for planting dry stone walls.

Step-by-step instructions for creating a drywall

  • bricks
  • Depending on the stones used, natural stone mortar or mortar suitable for outdoor use
  • Concrete / cement mixture for the foundation
  • possibly reinforcing mat for the foundation
  • possibly bitumen membranes to protect the wall from rising water
  • Gravel or gravel (grain size 0 / 32mm) for the capillary breaking layer
  • Grave tool (shovel, hoe, spade)
  • alternatively a mini excavator
  • wheelbarrow
  • trowel
  • Trowel for grouting
  • spirit level
  • hammer
  • guide
  • Electric drill with stirrer
  • Alternatively, concrete mixer
  • mortar bucket
  • Jogger
  • concrete Vibrator

1. Excavation for the foundation

Put the foundation as you want to set the wall. Then you have to excavate up to 60 cm deep. The foundation should be around 10 cm wider than the wall thickness. Also at the longitudinal ends you dig about 10 cm further.

2. Compacting, ballast and recompression

After the excavation work you have to compact the bottom (sole). Depending on the nature, it is necessary to carry out the compaction in several steps.

Then the gravel or gravel is about 10 cm high filled. Then you have to re-compact the sole. Even now, you may have to condense several times.

3. Pour the foundation

Now prepare the foundation. Pay attention to the optimal ratio between cement, sand and water. The concrete should not be liquid, but it should not be dry. After filling, you must compress it with the compressor. Alternatively, you can wait until the concrete is dry to the ground and then compact it with the vibrator. The foundation must completely set before you can continue working.

4. Create the first stone row

Now you can start with the first row of stones. The mortar should be dry for it. Make the first mortar bed at a height of about 2 cm. Choose the butt joint size according to the stones used.

In order to prevent water from rising from the ground into the wall, you can also insert bituminous membranes in the first mortar.

5. Create the further stone wall

Now pay attention to a uniform displacement of the respective joints joint to the underlying joints.

6. grouting the stone wall

By grouting the stone wall, you can start when the mortar has set after the wall has been created. To do this, press the mortar with trowel and joint trowel into the joints and pull it a little bit inwards. For grouting a sandstone wall you will find further information here.

Tips & Tricks

Keep in mind that you must have a static calculation made for walls higher than 2 meters. In addition, you must take into account the local building regulations as well as the applicable national building regulations.