The stone wall in the garden

The garden has been experiencing a renaissance in Germany for several years. This goes hand in hand with a high connection with nature, which is also implemented in style. An extremely important design element is the stone wall in the garden. The stone wall can be used functionally as well as a decoration. Often these are combinations of the two possibilities. Below you will find some useful information about the stone wall in your own garden.

Already in the 1990s a rethinking was noticeable. For example, in the initial construction phase, the key factors were good environmental compatibility, a good eco-balance and, at the same time, high utility value. Despite the massive technical progress in building houses, this has also led to a reflection of classic building materials. Natural products such as wood or natural stone gained more and more popularity.

The stone wall in the garden

Almost at the same time, people in Germany have also discovered the garden for themselves. Again, the above values ​​are upheld. A modern, contemporary garden must therefore literally live and also radiate the feeling of a natural atmosphere. This, in turn, has led in recent years to the reuse of elements and techniques in the garden. For example, the individually designed stone wall in the garden has almost become a must - but without degenerating into a mass phenomenon.

The different building materials for a stone wall

Manufactured building blocks

In the case of the stone walls for the garden, it is initially possible to distinguish between a natural stone wall and a wall made of prefabricated building blocks. Even with the manufactured building blocks and building materials, the choice is enormous:

  • traditional bricks, plastered
  • Bricks, plastered or not plastered
  • Concrete (exposed concrete, plastered concrete walls)
  • Cement stones, partly self-made

natural stones

But also natural stones have a lot to offer as a starting point for a stone wall in the garden:

  • granite
  • Granite gneiss
  • Sandstone, limestone (Jurassic sandstone for example)
  • basalt
  • marble
  • quartzite
  • volcanic rock

Extraction of natural stones for a stone wall

For natural stones, you can also choose between different production methods:

  • natural quarrystone
  • split natural stones
  • cut stones
  • boulders
  • washed and polished stones (as a manufacturing process, but also naturally)
  • plates

Construction options at the Steinmauerbau

From the stones you can then create a variety of stone walls. You can terraced garden areas, increase garden areas and flower beds, but also build property boundaries and pure ornamental walls. Built into a slope or on a sloping plot, a stone wall is a special highlight. The construction of the stone wall can also be tackled differently:

  • dry, ie without mortar (drywall), but with soil in the joints for planting
  • laminated
  • piled up (as a wall)
  • with mortar

You have to pay attention to that

Explicitly in our latitudes, a stone wall must be able to withstand even extreme weather conditions. Temperatures of up to minus 20 degrees in winter and over 50 degrees plus in the blazing summer sun. In addition there are frost, ice, rain, snow and even daily temperature fluctuations (day / night).

Plant stone walls

This is one of the reasons why you should additionally protect natural stone walls which you build dry. The planting of the stone wall creates a remedy here. It provides a cushioning cushion so that the temperatures on the stone are not exposed to extreme variations. In addition, a planted stone wall but also a real eye-catcher in any garden.

The choice of the right plants

If you have decided to build such a stone wall, you must also take into account its position and location (sunny, shady, half shady). Thereafter, the plants are selected that correspond in some way to the plant portfolio for a conventional rock garden.

The wall itself must remain under two meters high. From a height of 2 m, a static calculation must be carried out by a suitably certified structural engineer, as it concerns the stability of the masonry. It does not matter if the wall is in the middle of your property or is a boundary wall.

The foundation

For natural stone walls, you do not need a complex concrete foundation (for building blocks up to 80 cm deep). Instead, gravel, gravel or grit is poured down to 50 cm deep, compacted, then piled up with sand (also compacted), to finally compact a layer of gravel, gravel or grit. Detailed instructions on drywall foundations can be found here.

Tips & Tricks

If possible, always use stones from your environment. Because the weight for a meter of natural stone wall with a height of 1.50 m is by no means to be underestimated. Otherwise, transportation costs could rise to heights that make the entire project unprofitable. For more information, see Stones for Dry Walls.

Video Board: HOW TO BULD NATURAL STONE WALL, RETAINING ROCK BOULDERS DETAIL MASONRY ADVICE TUTORIAL CONSTRUCTION