The stone wall in the garden

The stone walls in the garden are usually called gabions. This particular form of the stone wall gained only in recent years, an increasing importance in the garden. Previously, gabions were considered to be purely functional because of their particular characteristics. But with modern gabions open up completely new options on how you can make your garden with naturalness very special.

The genesis and meaning of gabions

Gabions were already known to people in the Middle Ages. There and above all in the military, these baskets were woven out of willow and called as Schanz baskets or stone baskets. The modern German term "Gabione" derives from the Italian word "gabbione". This means something like "big cage" or "grid cage".

Requirements for these stone walls

The tasks of gabions were manifold in the Middle Ages. Even today they are not only used in the garden:

  • Fortification of banks and embankments
  • paving
  • Hang supports
  • in the garden as extraordinary walls and design elements

As already written, these baskets filled with stones were first of willow, then of untreated, quick-rusting iron. Because the wickerwork and the wire should dissolve after a certain time. Meanwhile, the gravel or gravel filled quickly with mother earth or mud (on banks).

Benefits of gabions

On the other hand, gabions are great for draining a slope. In a conventional wall drainage would have to be created, but this is not always possible. Meanwhile, the gabions are no longer made of rapidly corrosive or rotting materials.

Build gabion as a stone wall in the garden

Rather, galvanized, high-quality metal is used. So the metal baskets we can be positioned walls and then filled. The imagination of the cage form there are no limits. You can choose cages in the traditional wall format as well as wavy gabions.

Not only suitable as a stone wall

You can also set it up as a bed enclosure. Be it a round or square bed. Even inwardly rising snails exist as gabions.

For your garden design, gabions are suitable due to their many positive features:

  • they provide sound insulation
  • they are permeable to water
  • they provide privacy
  • You can plant and green gabions
  • targeted eye-catcher

The assembly of gabions

The installation and installation of gabions is very simple. First, you must create a strip foundation or concrete in the associated posts. When creating a foundation, threads are concreted in, with which the posts can be screwed.

Then the gabion cages are assembled and bolted to the posts. Of course, the systems of the different providers may differ slightly, but the basic principle is always the same.

Filling the gabion

After you have set up and screwed the gabion, they are filled only with the filling, gravel. These can be a variety of materials (depending on the grid dimensions):

  • gravel
  • gravel
  • grit
  • boulders
  • Natural rocks

Plant your stone wall in the garden

If you want to plant your gabion, this is also possible. For this you use the plants for dry stone walls. Greening is also done like planting natural stone walls.

Tips & Tricks

The same building regulations apply to gabions as to other masonry when you build them. The laws and conditions can be found in the development plan, the state building code, the Building Code and in the municipal requirements. In addition, if applicable, standards and quality guidelines must be followed. The conditions for border building and the neighborhood law in the Civil Code must also be taken into account. From a height of 2 m, walls require a static safety calculation.

Video Board: HOW TO BULD NATURAL STONE WALL, RETAINING ROCK BOULDERS DETAIL MASONRY ADVICE TUTORIAL CONSTRUCTION