A stone wall provided with a sturdy paneling

A stone wall can be clad with similar constructions as a concrete wall. When attaching the panel, the techniques differ. Natural hard rocks are difficult to work. Soft rocks do not always carry the fairing safely. Specific properties are taken into account by fitting.

Mounted or directly attached

In order to change the appearance and beautify an old stone wall, a panel can be applied over the entire surface of the stones or attached with a substructure. When applied directly on the masonry panels

For both types of installation, the type of stone and the design decide on the possible and suitable fastenings. For direct cladding such as plastering on the stone surfaces, the joints must be veneered or filled. Primers ensure even absorption of the stones and form a bonding layer.

Simple cladding or finishing

For mounted covers two variants are possible:

1. The cladding is attached to a substructure without further processing
2. The attached cladding itself forms the substructure for further processing

Classic "finished" panels are made of the materials wood, prefabricated panels, stone tiles or plates and plastics. Facade panels made of composite materials are also suitable for cladding a stone wall. Alternatively, multipurpose panels can be mounted, which are then drained or plastered.

Types of fastening and substructure systems

In principle, ventilated panels with a few centimeters distance to the masonry are the structurally "healthiest" choice. In order to fix wall panels in plate or board form, the substructure must provide the necessary attachment points. Cross-shaped wooden slats or metal poles fulfill this function.

The slats or poles can be fixed to the stone wall in several ways:

  • Handrails or anchors are inserted into the joints
  • Holes in the stones form dowel holes
  • Special adhesives connect stone surfaces and holding scaffolding with spacers
  • A grid serves as Aufschraubträger

For difficult to drill hard rocks, the joint anchorage is recommended. Even in dry stone, anchorable waterproof cement mortars can be added later. When drilling into stones, minimum distances to the stone edges are required to minimize the risk of breakage.

Bröselige limestone and sandstones are usually not suitable as a well carrier. Here are also free "floating" substructure systems possible. They are anchored in the ground in front of the stone wall with a stable foundation such as a strip foundation. At the top of the wall a conclusion forms the counter bearing.

Tips & Tricks

Consider rainfall protection to prevent excessive flushing and backwashing of the paneling.

Artikelbild: Silo / Shutterstock

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