Plant and care for strawberries

The strawberries are among the most popular berry fruit of the Germans, as they mature early and develop a pleasantly sweet aroma. In addition, they can be stored on the balcony to save space or as a subculture under young fruit trees. Nevertheless, there are some important aspects to consider for a healthy fruit growth in the ideal choice of location and proper care.

strawberry plant

Contents: planting and cultivating strawberries

  • The different strawberry varieties
  • Buy seedlings and plant strawberries properly
  • Cultivate strawberries
  • Harvest and process strawberries
  • Video tutorial: Plant strawberries

The different strawberry varieties

When growing strawberries, it is generally important to note that all varieties of strawberry are under protection of breeders and may be grown without license only for fruit yield. The cultural strawberry suitable for gardening is now offered in different forms of culture, which differ in the taste and shape of the fruits.

Hobby gardeners can also choose between once and several times carrying varieties.

tip: Special new breeds are particularly high in yield, taste optimized and resistant to diseases and pests. Prefer these varieties when grown locally.

Most of the strawberry plants are not self-fertile, so several varieties need to be planted for successful pollination. Make sure that the planted varieties are compatible and flower at the same time.

Fresh strawberries are particularly juicy and aromatic.

Patted strawberries

For smaller beds or a rearing on the balcony are hermaphroditic strawberry varieties that are among the self-pollinators. It is also possible to choose between varieties with early or late harvest start.

Popular early strawberry varieties:

  • The variety Senga Precos produces medium to medium fruit and grows medium and broad-bushed.
  • The strawberries of the variety Lihama are especially spicy. The plant tolerates dryness well and is considered to be resistant to mildew.
  • The Regina is considered hardy and vigorous. Their fruits are particularly large and aromatic.

Popular Strawberry varieties with medium harvest beginning:

  • The strawberry variety Senga Sengana is very productive and is grown very often. It forms sweet-aromatic fruits and is considered to be particularly resistant.
  • Among the older varieties is the Madame Moutot, Their fruits are very big and soft.

Well-thriving in the garden late strawberry varieties:

  • The Black pineapple makes dark red fruits and is especially healthy and productive.
  • The strawberry variety Professor Settegast flowers very late and is therefore little frost threatened.

tipIdeally, you grow strawberry plants with different maturity dates. So you can enjoy your strawberries fresh over a longer period of time.

Hanging strawberry varieties are ideal for potting on the balcony.

Hanging strawberries on the balcony

Twice carrying varieties are fertile after harvest from August until the onset of frost and must be fertilized monthly. One of the popular varieties here, for example, the Ada Herzberg, which produces small, shiny red fruits with sweet and sour taste.

The so-called month strawberries are fertile from summer to autumn and produce small fruits that are reminiscent of wild strawberries in their taste. These varieties are ideal for container planting, as they form no tendrils and thus remain compact. The varieties are suitable for local cultivation to reprimand and baron Sole maker especially good.

In general, you prefer the cultivation of new breeds. The optimized plant matter is much more resistant compared to older varieties and produces more tasty fruits.

The location influences the fruit growth of wild strawberry.

Small wild strawberry

Soil claims and soil preparation

The location of the strawberry plants should be sunny to moderately half-shady. Strawberries thrive in slightly acidic and nutrient-rich soils in old crops. Legumes, especially peas, have proven to be the ideal preculture.

In addition, the garden soil must be light and humus-rich in order to provide the flat-rooting strawberries ideal conditions for healthy plant growth. You can prevent nutrient deficiencies by choosing a location where no strawberries have grown for at least four years.

tip: Older perennials that have been bearing fruit for several years, grow worse and carry only very small and few fruits. Plant new seedlings after three years at the latest.

Targeted preparation of the strawberry bed is crucial for ideal growth. Already 14 days before planned planting organic fertilizer can be incorporated into the beet, such as manure, compost or mulch of the previous year. This measure loosens up the soil and makes it rootable.

Alternatively, a strawberry complete fertilizer can be spread as broad stock on the staked bed and incorporated accordingly.

Buy seedlings and plant strawberries properly

The sooner you grow strawberry plants, the more productive the harvest will be.

Patted strawberries

When buying a strawberry plant, you should make sure that the young plant has at least three strong leaves and a good root system. The better the plant is rooted, the less failure is expected in the subsequent harvest.

Green plants are often sold in plastic bags. Open these after purchase and moisten the young plants. Ideally you transplant your strawberry plants immediately, this is not possible, they should be kept cool and kept moist.

tip: Dip the roots or pot bales in water for a while before planting and immediately place the strawberry plants in the bed.

The ideal time to plant strawberry plants is after the harvest from late July to early August. Young plants already bear ripe fruits in the following summer. A later planting in March is still possible - but here you should fall back on so-called strawberry fructos, which have a strong root system. However, the harvest is significantly lower in a spring planting.

tipThe sooner you plant your strawberries, the more productive the crop will be.

Strawberry plants are cultivated in rows.

Strawberry in row

Strawberries are cultivated in a row like lettuce plants. For an easier harvest and a healthy plant growth, the distance between the raked rows should be 50-60 cm, the planting distance between the individual plants should be at least 20-25 cm. Here decides the advertised growth power of the strawberry variety.

Raise each individual planting hole so wide and deep that the tender roots can be loosely inserted and the heart of the young plant closes with the surface of the earth. Finally, press the refilled soil and water well.

In the second year, the strawberry plants are separated by removing or repositioning every other row. How to make room for a harvest in the following year. If old leaves are removed, then pay particular attention to the fact that the heart of the plant remains, because from the heart buds, the next new release.

Video Board: How to grow & harvest strawberry plants