Laying patio tiles - this is how it's done right

Terrace tiles can easily be laid by yourself. Guidance on the correct installation method and important things that must be observed, can be found in the following instructions.

Necessary properties of the substrate

  • sufficiently sustainable
  • Slope of at least 2%
  • as water permeable

If no such substrate is available for the terrace, such as concrete, it must be made by itself. Care should be taken to ensure that additional drainage at the far end of the terrace may be necessary.

Laying the plates on plate bearings

An advantageous method is to lay the plates on so-called plate bearings. They are also available at the hardware store or from the concrete slab distributor.

Plate bearings ensure that the plates can be removed and replaced individually even after installation. In addition, the correct installation distance is automatically maintained by the use of the panel bearings. This also makes laying easier.

Panel bearings can usually only be used when laying in a cross-joint joint. For other laying patterns, the proper spacing between the individual panels must be ensured in other ways.

Diagonal bandage, for example, was very popular with tiles around 1900 and is often used as a terrace pattern today.

Reference line

Especially for free installation without joint crosses and panel bearings, the batter board has proven itself. It is precisely aligned using the spirit level and provides a marker where the individual slab lines are laid.

Relocate concrete concrete terrace slabs - that's how it works

  • Terrassenplatten
  • Gravel, grit, sand if necessary
  • jointing sand
  • Cords and wooden poles
  • Screed material (if necessary and desired)
  • Plate bearings / joint crosses
  • rubber hammer
  • spirit level
  • wheelbarrow
  • shovel
  • straightedge
  • Vibrating plate (if necessary)

1. Establish substructure

If there is already a stable ground with sufficient slope, this step can be skipped. Otherwise, consider whether you want to erect a slope screed for the terrace, or whether a gravel layer is sufficient as a substructure.

If you decide for a gravel layer, pit out a 25 cm deep pit. Fill them with coarse gravel, fine gravel and sand in turn and compact each layer. Be sure to make a sufficient grade.

2. Build up the scoreboard

Try the panels to determine the width of the terrace and the starting point. Then build your batter board from pegs and strings and use as a guide.

You can easily start with plate bearings or joint crosses on an existing concrete foundation. If you do not want to be cross-bracing, you can not use both. Starting from the basic row, lay all the panels.

If you lay on a self-made substructure, you must always check the height and position of the individual plates with the spirit level.

3. Stop joint sand

Repeat the dry joint sand over and over the joints until they are full.

Tips & Tricks

The easiest way is laying on a stable surface. The terrace is also much more sustainable. So think in advance, if you do not make a simple slope screed.

Video Board: How to lay a patio