So a terrace is laid

A very easy way to build a permanent and solid terrace is with so-called terrace stones. Even as a layman, you can easily lay it, and in addition to the low construction costs speaks above all the durability for such a terrace. What you need and how to do it you will learn here.

Background information

Terrace stones are simply placed on a suitably prepared underground bed, if one already exists. The height of the terrace can be varied by simply laying the bed up or down, if none is available.

If there is already a concrete base that has sufficient load-bearing capacity, you can lay the boards directly on top of it. The only requirement is that there is also a corresponding gradient, otherwise you must first install a slope screed. Alternatively, you can put the stones on a layer of gravel about 5 cm thick.

Types of patio stones and slabs

Terraces are often very different from each other in terms of weight, pattern and color. There are simple-discreet concrete blocks that can be square or rectangular, but also natural stone slab and colored concrete blocks. The design options here are virtually unlimited.

In addition to the many differences in the individual types of slabs, there are also the different ways of laying: whether cross-banded or in offset, in wild laying or in a row - terraced stones can also be set very differently, and thus achieve an interesting visual effect.

disk storage

Above all terrace tiles can also be placed on so-called plate storage. This makes individual panels easier to replace and ensures a stable support, which also eases the laying mostly.

Step-by-step instructions for laying terrace tiles on a ballast bed

  • Gravel 0/32 or 0/45
  • Chippings 2/5 mm
  • possibly plate storage
  • ev. Fugenkreuze
  • Terrassenplatten
  • Mason's cord, wooden pegs
  • tape measure
  • spirit level
  • screed bar
  • rubber hammer
  • Angle grinder with diamond wheel

1. Create a foundation

Place a 20 cm high compacted gravel bed with a slope of about two percent off the house. On the gravel bed, a laying bed of chippings is then applied, they pull off plan. Tighten the cord to have a laying guideline and check with the spirit level beforehand.

2. Lay panels

If you work without a plate bearing, you must use a joint cross. Lay the first panels on the edge, placing joint crosses in between. Always tap the plates with the rubber mallet and check the correct seat and height of the plates with the spirit level. If you work with plate bearings, you can simply put the plates on the plate bearings.

If you need to be able to cut panels, you first need to water them and then scrape them on the back with the angle grinder and the diamond disc, before you split the top of the plate then.

3. grouting

Once you have laid all the panels, you can carefully go in for joint sand - quartz sand or silver sand. Fill all joints carefully and sweep away the supernatant again and again. The penetration of the joints must be done in several steps with the dry sand. Even if you use plaster joint mortar, you must not mud it!

Tips & Tricks

If you do not want to lay a cross brace, but rather a Roman brace or a series bracing, you should first plan to scale on graph paper. You can also use a plate lifter to make laying work much easier.

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