Create a terrace yourself

With terrace tiles you have the opportunity to build a solid, durable and visually appealing terrace. Due to the different terrace slabs and laying techniques, a variety of design options are offered here. Find out what's important here.

Background information

Terrace tiles and stones can easily be placed in a grit bed. The only prerequisite is that a correspondingly stable ground is available. If you only have unpaved garden soil for your terrace at the desired location, you must create a suitable substrate yourself by using a gravel bed that has been carefully compacted with the vibrating plate. Make sure, however, that the gravel used has the correct grain size and is also frost-proof.

By the way: If you prefer to build a wooden terrace, then you are right here: Instructions for the construction of a wooden terrace

Important: the slope and the expansion joint

In order for the rainwater to drain from the terrace, an approximately two-percent gradient leading away from the house is necessary. Otherwise, the rainwater can stop at the wall of the house and permanently cause heavy moisture damage there.

If there is already enough slope on your existing concrete surface, you do not need to do anything else, otherwise you must either install a screed on a slope or put your chippings on a slope. But a little skill is necessary for that. For the house wall and other solid components, you must also create an expansion joint.

Plate bearings and joint crosses

Plate bearings later facilitate the removal and replacement of individual plates and ensure the correct joint distance. If you place the stones directly on the gravel layer, it is best to use distance crosses for the exact right joint distance.

Step-by-step instructions for laying patio tiles

  • gravel
  • grit
  • Plate bearings or joint crosses
  • ev. Fugenkreuze
  • Terrassenplatten
  • Mason's cord and wooden pegs
  • spirit level
  • screed bar
  • rubber hammer
  • possibly wheelbarrow for stone transport

1. Create the gravel bed

Pour a 15 to 20 cm high, gravel bed with a gradient of about two percent from the house and compact it carefully. On the gravel bed, you then install the laying bed of chippings and pull it off flat. Mark the laying area with the mason's string, which you span between wooden pegs.

2. Lay terrace stones

Starting from the corner, place the stones either on the plate bearings or directly on the chippings and gently tap them with the rubber mallet. Check each stone for the correct fit and height. Check with the spirit level again and again, if the terrace is really in the balance.

Between the individual plates you put a cross in each case - at least if you lay in the cross dressing. For other types of laying, you must take the distance of 3-5 millimeters as accurately as possible when setting the stones.

You can attach the garden-side end either with a galvanized metal rail or with raised soil. Do not forget to install an expansion joint at the transition to the house wall.

3. grouting

Once all the terrace tiles have been laid, in several work cycles, repeatedly invert silver sand or quartz sand over the joints until they are full. Alternatively, you can also use plaster joint mortar - but you must not mix it with water in this case, but must use it dry!

Tips & Tricks

Plan the look and material usage for your patio beforehand on graph paper in a full-scale drawing. In this way, you can better estimate the visual impact and also accurately determine your material consumption.

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