Impregnating tiles - not always really impregnation is meant

Impregnation is often equated with the effect of sealing. Many consumers also do not know that there are tiles that should preferably be sealed instead of impregnated - and vice versa, of course. The following guide informs you about it.

Seal tiles and impregnate

In connection with the care of tiles you have certainly heard of the impregnation. But not always that really means impregnation. Depending on the tile, it can also be sealing. However - even if both processing techniques are equated again and again, it is completely different care measures.

So there are even tiles, in which the sealing of the impregnation is necessarily preferable. The significant difference between the two treatment methods is quickly explained: seals are applied to the tile surface and form an impermeable protective layer. Impregnations, on the other hand, penetrate the tile or plate and act within the porous capillary system.

The special feature when impregnating or sealing: the porcelain stoneware tile

This is actually already the most important difference named. The confusion is often compounded by porcelain stoneware tiles. You may have heard that one tile owner impregnates his porcelain tiles while another seals them. In principle, both are possible with porcelain stoneware tiles.

It depends on how the tile was tempered during the manufacturing process. Similar to clinker, porcelain stoneware tiles are fired very hot (up to 1,300 degrees Celsius) after being compacted under very high pressure. This closes the pores of the porcelain stoneware tiles. Especially for aesthetic reasons, porcelain stoneware tiles are also offered in a polished finish. Polishing is nothing but sanding the tile surface.

Always impregnate polished porcelain stoneware tiles before going to bed every day

As a result, the pores are opened again as a result. If you use porcelain stoneware tiles as a floor covering, for example in a kitchen or on other heavily used surfaces, dirt and liquids get into the tile as a result of these mechanical effects. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to impregnate just polished porcelain stoneware tiles before use.

In addition to chemical impregnation, you can rely on a variety of natural products that contain mostly hard oils or hard waxes. Similarly, open pores also have terracotta tiles, so you must also impregnate this tile and plate shape. However, you could now apply a seal after impregnation. In no case may you treat such tiles with a seal instead of impregnation.

You should not always seal floor tiles

Under certain circumstances, this can lead to uneven discoloration of the tiles. However, since the seal has already penetrated into the tile, simple cleaning is often no longer sufficient. Often, such incorrectly treated tiles must either be replaced or completely sanded. Because quickly with such a wrong treatment of the advantage to the detriment.

As impregnations penetrate into the tile, they are no longer so easy to remove mechanically - so in the case of a correct impregnation that provides optimal protection. In general, you should consider carefully whether you want to seal in particular floor tiles. Especially with floor tiles tiles and panels are often selected with a higher abrasion class with high slip resistance, otherwise there is a massive risk of accidents.

But sealings make surfaces really smooth again. In addition, they work just where the seal is to protect against heavy use, only conditionally. Due to the mechanical action, the seal is namely removed correspondingly quickly. But sealing makes perfect sense.

For example, the wall tiles in bathrooms, which were made of conventional ceramics (stoneware or stoneware) and may not be glazed. Because earthenware tiles absorb more than 10 percent of water. This water penetrates to the surface of the tile and leads there to swelling, hygienic contamination etc. The same applies to non-glazed ceramic tiles. However, it is again recommended to carry out impregnation before sealing.

Tips & Tricks

Often, owners of polished porcelain stoneware tile first try impregnation, but unsuccessfully. The tiles unfold a blurred shading with a certain gray tinge, especially in bright light. These are mostly cheap polished porcelain stoneware tiles. Most come from the Far East, where they are often remunerated with an industrial impregnation. This impregnation triggers this gray haze.

Treating tiles with the wrong impregnation or sealant can cause damage that is very difficult to repair. In this case, it is strongly advised to contact a tile professional - especially if you do not know what kind of tile or tile it is. This is an issue even with natural stone tiles and slabs: for example, slate tiles and slabs are not sealed, but marble slabs are.

Tiles are - depending on the material - at a thickness between 0.8 and 1.2 cm. These are plates.

In the past, it was not always in damp rooms such as bathrooms that the right grouts were used, that is, those that did not allow moisture to penetrate. Such joints can also be impregnated and sealed. There are also special joint impregnations and seals.

Video Board: I'm Pregnant