Milling wood - a guide

The router has become an important home improvement machine. Mainly wood is milled with it. But also the milling of wood wants to be learned. Therefore, we have below created a manual for milling wood for you.

Milling of different material materials

Routers are a very versatile tool. You can use it to mill a wide variety of shapes. Depending on the type of milling cutter, you can mill grooves as well as springs in a wide range of variations. Above all, the following materials are milled:

  • Wood and wood materials
  • metals
  • Plastics such as acrylic glass

In particular, the milling of Plexiglas or acrylic glass clearly shows how difficult professional milling is. It is still relatively easy with wood. But wood also brings its own special challenges. So there are some important principles to consider when milling wood.

Guide to milling wood - the principles

So the milling head will always try to follow the course of an early or late ring in the wood, since the wood is particularly hard here. With a corresponding piece of wood so highest concentration is required so that the cutter does not run.

Milling edges, always work the two end faces first. Only then will the wood be milled in width. This allows you to compensate for torn areas on the front side at the edges again.

The right router

Pay attention to the choice of a suitable milling cutter. In particular, the distinctions between single-edged, double-edged and multi-edged cutters are important. A rule of thumb: the more blades a cutter has, the more the removal of the chip over the spiral will be affected. In addition, here also the angle of the spiral itself is decisive (twist angle).

If you want to mill larger surfaces, first cut the contours. For this purpose, a groove cutter or a V-groove cutter is usually used.

Milling in several steps

During the first milling process when milling the contours or edges, you hardly ever dip the milling cutter at first. Only in the second operation should you then mill to the desired immersion depth. With the guide to milling letters, we will discuss this in more detail.

Adjust the feed rate and the speed to the size of the milling cutter, its characteristics (removal of chips, for example, including the number of cutting edges) and, of course, the workpiece itself (thickness and immersion depth, hardness of the wood, etc.).


Always place markings on the wood so that you can lay the outer edge of the cutting edges here, ie mill them to the left or right. Take this measure into account in your measurements.

Tips & Tricks

In addition, you can work with tools such as milling templates, copy rings or stop profiles. Especially recommended is a milling table with stop. Of course, you can also mill freehand. But then you have to pay particular attention to properties such as wood hardness or rings and branches in the wood.

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