Tomatoes plant in the garden or on the balcony

The consumer's claim to the tomato is relatively high: not only should it look good, it should also have a good taste and contain many nutrients. However, these are lost in mass culture and on long transport routes from Italy, Greece or Spain.

Tomatoes plant in the garden or on the balcony: plant

The solution is simple: tomato plants can also be grown in the home garden or on the balcony. If you follow this goal, you do not have to prepare big: Planting tomatoes is relatively easy and therefore recommended for the beginner in the vegetable patch.

Contents: Tomatoes in the garden

  • The tomato plant
  • Sow and plant tomatoes properly
  • Common diseases and pests in tomatoes
  • After planting the tomatoes
  • The tomato - origin, history and meaning

The tomato plant

Tomatoes are an asset to every garden and the home balcony. They are rich in vitamins, easy to grow and harvest. It is probably due to the striking red color of the tomato that it is often referred to as a love apple.

This term is therefore more appropriate than that Tomato is not actually a vegetable, but a fruit - to be more specific, the tomato belongs to the berry family. Many properties that also affect the correct planting of tomatoes are largely unknown and will be discussed in more detail below.

At first the tomato plant grows upright. This changes as soon as the plants become too heavy and continue to grow on the ground. This is by no means a feature of a lack of vegetable gardening skills, but quite normal for the ripening process of the fruit.

Sow and plant tomatoes properly

The stems of the plant have a diameter of about 10 mm and are characterized by a fine Bahaarung. The fruits of the tomato plants, which can have a diameter of 2-10 cm, are usually green, yellow or red. Even the fruits are slightly hairy when growing, which changes in the course of the ripening process.

You should already have the tomatoes Sow at the end of February, At this time of the year it will be light again sooner and earlier Tomatoes are very light-colored fruits, Who would like to plant his tomatoes on the windowsill, should sow with this reason until middle of March waiting.

The tomato seeds are best placed 5 mm deep in the ground and covered with loose soil. It is particularly important to water the tomato plants regularly. At a germination temperature of around 20 degrees you will be able to see the first cotyledons within ten days. From this point on, the young plants must be piqued. Here, the individual plants are isolated from each other, so they do not rob each other of their nutrients. It is also important regularly remove the side shoots of the plantsas soon as they have reached a height of 20 cm so that the nutrients only get into the main shoots and the tomatoes grow fast and nutrient-rich.

When the tomatoes can be harvested depends on the variety. Some may be harvested in June, others only in late September. Whether the tomatoes are ripe, can be best seen in a bright color and the right consistency: If the fruits are easily pressed in, they are ready for harvest.

Common diseases and pests in tomatoes

When planting tomatoes in your vegetable garden, you can especially enjoy the blight to be fatal. This is a fungal attack that occurs especially in wet, cold weather and spreads from the leaves to the fruit. That's why you should choose yours Check tomatoes regularly: Are there brown spots on the leaves or stems? If the brown rot has not yet spread to all fruits, the affected leaves must be removed as soon as possible.

Furthermore, it should be ensured that the growth conditions, ie nutrient-rich soil and a sunny spot in the garden, are as good as possible. Otherwise, flower rot may occur.

After planting the tomatoes

If your tomatoes do not taste as they should, it does not necessarily have to be due to incorrect cultivation - probably the wrong storage is responsible for a bland taste. Although tomato plants grow well under the influence of light, after harvesting However, they should be stored in a dark place at room temperature.

Storage in the refrigerator shortly before consumption is also not recommended. Although the tomatoes last a long time here, they can not fully develop their full flavor. Therefore, it is recommended to store them in the refrigerator first and to extract them only two days before consumption.

The tomato - origin, history and meaning

The tomato is very popular in European cuisines. Especially in Italy, the love apple is indispensable to the plate. Whether salad, sauce or juice - the Europeans enjoy the fruit to the fullest. Since it thrives especially in warm regions, it is hardly surprising that Italy, Spain and Greece breed the majority of European tomatoes. Incidentally, China, the USA and Turkey are the largest producers of tomatoes worldwide.

The German perishes about 22 kg of tomatoes annually. However, that was not always the case: only since the middle of the 20th century has the fruit in Germany been a hit on the plate.

The history of tomato, however, goes much further into the past: the area of ​​origin is in Central and South America. The Maya discovered it already 200 BC. for themselves. It is believed that it was introduced by Columbus in modern times at the beginning of the 16th century. First descriptions of this plant are from Italy. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the tomato was grown in Europe mainly as an ornamental plant.

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