Tool for laying tiles


Tool for laying tiles: laying

A more challenging work in the home improvement sector is the laying of tiles. Still, it's not magic. With the required Basic knowledge, the right tools and tools and some practice, such projects are also feasible for a DIY enthusiast.

Since that Laying tiles requires special tools, the local workshop equipment is rarely enough and a first investment in good tools is necessary.

Which tools are needed depends on the planned project and the craftsmanship. Just that Handling a nibbling pliers or a tile cutter requires some practice. A Drill bit for round cutouts, however, is a bit more expensive, but for beginners the better alternative.

Decisive for the Investment is also more construction planning, Those who still have a complete home improvement in front of them, should invest in larger and better machines.

Measuring and aids

Of course, appropriate measuring equipment is required for exact installation. This has every home improvement in the house and rarely have to buy specially for the laying of tiles become.

  • Folding rule (folding rule), measuring tape or similar measuring equipment
  • Pencils or CD markers to mark the tiles
  • A stop angle facilitates a precise tear on the tile.
  • With a spirit level and / or solder tiles are aligned on the wall or drawn guidelines.
  • A cross-line laser is optional, but it makes work a lot easier.

Mason's Tools

In addition to special tools for laying tiles, too typical masonry tools needed.

  • Mortar barrel for mixing tile adhesive
  • An electric stirrer makes stirring easier and ensures a lump-free adhesive.
  • Trowel for applying the tile adhesive
  • A bucket filled with water or an additional mortar drum should always be ready to clean the tool. In addition, an old painter's brush is helpful

Manual tile cutter

The Manual tile cutter consists of a bed on which the tile is rectangular lies. Above the bed are two guide rods on which the cutting device is guided. The cutting device scores with a Carbide cutting wheel a predetermined breaking point in the glaze the tile.

Subsequently, the Tile loaded with the breaking punch and give in at the weakened spot. In this way you get fast and clean tile cuts.

Electric tile cutter

The electric tile cutter works similar to a table saw. With a Diamond blades are easy to grind and very fine hard stone tiles Reliable separate and cut to size.

Offers the Electric tile cutter also the function of wet cuttingThis even happens absolutely dust-free. Another big advantage is the ability to not only completely separate tiles. This way, corners can be cut out and, with a bit of feeling, they can also be rounded.

tile crosses

Tool for laying tiles: tiles

Tile crosses help to align the tiles

Joint or tiled crosses are meant to be used in the Lay crosses of four tiles and align it with it. However, another method has proven itself.

For this purpose, more tile crosses are needed when laying tiles, but these can easier to remove and reuse.

Especially with cheaper tiles, there are light Differences in the size and shape of the corners, Therefore, a normal use of the tile crosses is bad or impossible.

The use is better and easier when the tile crosses are inserted with only one leg between the tiles. That gives the Possibility to make small corrections and the tile crosses can be removed and used again. Even a staggered joint, in which no cross would fit, can be aligned.

Tile adhesive and grout or Fugenbunt

The Glue keeps the tiles on the wallbut he is also a buffer at the same time for possible tensions in the underground. In addition to cement, the tile adhesive also contains elastic additives which give it the appropriate flexibility.

When mixing the adhesive, the manufacturer's instructions should be observed. To Dry tile adhesive is difficult to process and is the Glue too liquid, the tiles quickly slip again.

Once all tiles have been glued together with the appropriate joint spacing and the adhesive dried, the grout can be incorporated. Important are the special properties, which after the Joint width, frost resistance, flexibility or water-repellent properties differ.

Fugenbunt is available in different colors, with which you can achieve good contrasts to let. If the decision falls on a high-contrast joint pattern, the joints should be worked absolutely evenly. The greater the contrast between tiles and joints, the more errors are found in the joint pattern.

Joint-rubber spatula

To incorporate the grout, a joint rubber spatula is used. With the Rubber lip, the mass is drawn diagonally across the tiles and pressed into the joints. Depending on the size of the area to be grouted, there are large and small rubber spatula.

When grouting Wall tiles is also a foam rubber board well suited, This offers the advantage that it allows the grout to be applied and distributed.

Sponge or sponge board

Once the grout has dried, the tiles are washed off and the joints are smoothed. Good is one Sponge or sponge board, Although this should always be washed out and cleaned, the joints themselves must not be washed out.

Do the joints have theirs? desired depth and are dried, the tiles can be cleaned properly. First and foremost, this is done with the Sponge board and plenty of water and finally with a dry cloth.

Tooth scraper or notched trowel

Tool for laying tiles: tools

notched trowel

Edge length of the tilerecommended tooth size
up to 50 mm3 mm
50 mm to 100 mm4 mm
101 mm to 200 mm6 mm
201 mm to 250 mm8 mm
251 mm to 500 mm10 mm

The tile adhesive is best with a Toothpick or a trowel applied.

This has a toothing that the Adhesive evenly distributed on the substrate and thus for optimal adhesion of the tiles provides. Depending on the size of the tile and the thickness of the profile on the tile back, the tooth depth of the spatula should be selected.

Pliers, nibbling pliers, parrot beak pliers or tongs

If you do not have suitable cutters or a drill bit to cut out curves and other shapes, you can use a nibbling tool. With this, small pieces of the tile can be broken off and the contours reworked. That requires but practice and is not suitable for contoursin which narrow edges of the tile must not break off.

Tile

The floating saw is like the nibbler designed to make contours. But there are clean cuts and small radii easier manufacture.

The tile saw is similar to the Jigsaw is constructed and used in the same way used. A more stable construction and corresponding saw blades make it possible to cut ceramic, clay and glass tiles.

Information about trowels

Trowels are available in different shapes. One thing remains the same: the trowels are made of steel strip and welded to a rod made of round steel. With a good trowel, the blade is hardened to remain elastic. The trowel blade is ground to taper from back to front. The conical cut ensures good flexibility of the trowel blade. Rough ground surfaces ensure good adhesion of the mortar. For simple qualities - for low demands - the leaves are not ground conically. The operation is saved, the leaves remain the same length over the entire length. Stainless steel trowels are particularly suitable for plaster and plastic plasters because they are largely resistant to chemical substances.

Stainless steel ladles have become particularly popular in home improvement stores: the "rust-free" symbol is a sure sign of quality here. Stainless trowels are easy to clean and do not get conical as the starting material is already flexible. The angling is available in a straight shape or as a gooseneck. It is important to place the fishing rod in the center of the trowel blade, so that the trowel does not tilt forward or break off laterally. The weld should be sanded clean, so that no residues of mortar stick. Trowel handles are made of wood or plastic. Two-component handles with soft and hard zones increase the grip and ensure optimum power transmission where required. Grip ends with rubber cap are suitable for knocking and aligning the tiles. Handle ends with a metal striking cap are used for aligning and knocking stones.

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Video Board: How to choose your tiling tools