Veneer types - all facts

Whether it's a wooden floor or furniture, in the rarest cases these things are actually made of real solid wood today. Especially with expensive types of wood such as mahogany or cherry for example, a veneer is usually used. The veneer is just a very thin layer of expensive wood, which is then applied to a support plate made of cheap wood material.

Transverse or longitudinal section

First, the veneer is distinguished by its type of cut. The vast majority of veneers are cut lengthwise out of the wood. So you can see the original annual rings as stripes, which then form the grain of the wood.

With the cross-section, the annual rings are completely preserved. In the middle is always the mark of the trunk visible. This gives a very unusual look, which is mainly used for extravagant pieces of furniture. In the case of flooring, however, this appearance is sometimes introduced as a loosening up.

Production method of veneer

Depending on the method of producing a veneer, the result is a slightly different picture of the grain later. In a sliced ​​veneer, the trunk is guided over a fixed knife. On some machines, however, the knife is also moved, which cuts boards off the trunk.

  • Saw veneer not less than one millimeter
  • Sliced ​​veneer between 0.3 and 4 millimeters
  • Rotary veneer between 0.5 and 10 millimeters

In the peeled veneer, the stem is peeled around in layers. This results in large plates that can be used later without approach. Therefore, the peeling method is most commonly used for both floor coverings and furniture making.

Purpose of the veneer

The cover veneer usually serves as a decoration for a piece of furniture or the floor covering. Cover veneers, however, are quite sensitive, which is why a bottom veneer is usually placed under the decorative veneer, especially for floor coverings. A barrier veneer serves to prevent the wood from working on larger panels.

  • veneer
  • under veneer
  • Absperrfurnier

Tips & Tricks

Especially with a floor covering with real wood veneer you should pay attention to the strength of the veneer. This is basically the most important quality feature. If the veneer layer is strong enough, the floor can later be sanded off at least once. This saves a lot of money and annoyance, since damage does not necessarily mean that a new floor has to be laid.

Video Board: Veneer vs Laminate