The versatility of the roof forms: an overview

Roofs are omnipresent. After all, all buildings have a roof, plus numerous roof structures without the "substructure" house. What flew over everything is uniform and looks the same, but in reality is diverse and colorful. Everything is possible with the roof shapes, which can be implemented by design. Therefore, we would like to introduce you to some of the most famous roof shapes.

The tasks of a badger

In principle, a roof forms the conclusion of a building. Primarily, it is intended as weather protection. So it has to deal with the most varied adversities of the weather.

  • Protection against UV radiation
  • Thermal insulation from the inside out
  • Cold and heat protection from outside to inside
  • Sunscreen or as a light source
  • Protection against wind, rain, snow, meltwater, ice

For some years, the usefulness as an installation surface for solar modules (photovoltaic, solar thermal) has been added.

The versatility of the roof forms: an overview: forms

The roof shape is clearly influenced by the environment

All these factors determine the shape of the roof significantly. For example, hipped and crippled hipped roofs offer good protection even in regions with inclement weather, while other roof forms provide additional living space in the attic. Other roofs are chosen for efficient rain protection or high snow loads.

The construction law also has influence

Basically, it can be stated that in all regions the roof forms are traditionally characterized by the factors just mentioned. In addition, there are also numerous building regulations, which have already provided for special roof shapes in the course of the centuries. For example, the mansard roof in order to obtain at times of taxation of full storeys to two nearly full flats of mansard.

Various roof shapes

This always results in basic shapes, from which different roof shapes have emerged.

  • saddle roof
  • Side Porch
  • hipped roof
  • hipped roof
  • mansard roof
  • Pent roof
  • conical roof
  • butterfly roof
  • barrel roof
  • Zollinger roof
  • shed roof
  • pagoda roof
  • flat roof
  • Ring pent roof
  • säteritak
  • Arched
  • Half arched roof
  • cross roof
  • Pyramid and tent roof
  • Berlin roof
  • grave roof

From the flat roof to the pitched roof

By far the most common roof is the pitched roof. It combines numerous advantages at a relatively low cost. Depending on the requirement, it can be made from flat to very steep. It emerged from the pent roof, which in turn emerged from the flat roof. The pent roof is therefore only a roof surface, which is inclined. For a long time, this roof form was used exclusively for commercial buildings, but now it is also a roof for exquisite designer houses.

Towed and hipped roof

An extended roof for example for a shelter, a patio roof, etc. is referred to as a sloped roof. From saddle roof, the different hipped roofs (hipped, crippled and hipped roof) can be derived. These are traditional roof shapes that not only look good, but are also extremely solid and durable. From the hipped roof, it is also not far to pyramid and tent roof.

Special roof shapes

These roof forms are mainly found in the Mediterranean sphere of influence. There are usually very flat roofs that provide additional living space. Shed roofs and lantern roofs are again roof forms primarily for commercial buildings. They are particularly well suited to exploit the sunlight. The shed roof can even be mounted so that daylight is only incident on the north side to avoid drop shadows.

Bow and barrel roof

It is similar with bow and barrel roofs. These roof forms are also seen mainly in commercial and industrial buildings. However, they have been part of special design houses over the past few years. The difference between the two roof shapes is simple: the arched roof forms either a full or almost full semicircle, while the arched roof is only a small circular cutout. This looks more elliptical.

Berlin roof and mansard roof

Out of necessity was born - similar to the mansard roof - the Berlin roof. It should give the impression of a saddle roof. Wick is actually a desk or flat roof with steep approaches. In cross-section, it may look like a symmetrical or asymmetrical pitched roof. Background for this roof shape is the limitation of the ridge height in Berlin. So the eaves height can still be relatively high, without the limitation of the ridge height is exceeded.

Roof forms for functional buildings

In addition, there are still numerous roof forms, which are usually reserved for functional buildings that do not necessarily represent a building, but only a pure canopy. These include, for example, the butterfly roof, which is often used on platforms and petrol stations. At historic sacral and sometimes magnificent secular buildings from days gone by there are very special roof forms such as ring desk, onion, folding or rhomb roofs. Most of these are towers or tower-like structures.

Tips & Tricks

Roof shapes can have a lot to do with regional building traditions. For example, foot-throated roofs are found mainly in Asia (Korea, China, Southeast Asia), as are pagoda roofs. Mansard roofs are typical roof shapes for large barns in rural areas of the US, while the shed roof came with the beginning of the industrial era in England and the flat pyramid and tent roof around the Mediterranean is typical.

In the house journal you will find many more articles on all important topics around the roof. For example, of course, the pitched roof or the purlin roof.

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