Lay vinyl flooring from slabs, planks or sheets


If you want to install a vinyl floor yourself, you can choose between loose sheets or prefabricated sheets. Both variants can be laid floating, partially or fully glued. While vinyl panels are similar in structure to the laminate, sheeting is more like a carpet. For sheet goods, the underbody must be thoroughly prepared.

Construction of vinyl records

Very often, the laying of a floor uses composite panels whose surfaces are coated with vinyl. The carrier usually consists of high-density fiberboard, better known as HDF plates. In addition, cork-lined vinyl surfaces are widely used as flooring.

While pure vinyl as web material has a material thickness of about two millimeters, vinyl plates with composite or cork-based substrates are on average four millimeters thick. It accounts for the top vinyl layer about one millimeter. Vinyl products are available in a variety of decors, imitating wood or stone, embossed in one color, with or without a structure, or printed up to expensive three-dimensional floor coverings.

Heat and sound insulation

Both vinyl and vinyl can already have floor insulation "on board". Vinyl rolls with insulating materials foamed on the underside and vinyl sheets with insulating layer or cork replace possible additional measures for thermal and acoustic insulation.

An additional effect of the insulating layer already on the vinyl is a softer feel that is perceived as comfortable. Since modern vinyl manages without harmful plasticizers, the pedaling comfort is ideally increased in this way. Special subfloors and mats can be used as an alternative.

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Vinyl as a sheet product is available in rolled up condition and is laid floating after the cut pieces have been cut, fixed at points or fully glued. Vinyl in board or plank form without carrier material is available with self-adhesive or open underside. Pure vinyl, with an average material thickness of two millimeters, tends to buckle and form prints that are less pronounced on embossed decors.

While vinyl panels with composite material can be laid on a virtually unlimited surface area as a carrier layer, the floating or loose laying of pure vinyl is limited to around twelve square meters. The nature of the subfloor is another crucial factor in choosing the required attachment.

Outdoor conditions and pre-storage

The floor covering Vinyl responds to temperature especially when not yet laid. Planks, planks and sheets must necessarily be acclimatised before laying. The individual pieces, in the case of sheets the already cut coverings, should be stacked horizontally in the room in which they are to be laid later.

The ideal temperature is between 18 and 25 degrees Celsius and the vinyl floor should store at least two days in this form. The stacked individual pieces should not exceed ten layers. On the roll "bent" vinyl can be stretched by this storage subsequently again. The highest value of humidity should be 65 percent.

How is vinyl flooring laid?

  • Vinyl roll or vinyl records
  • silicone
  • Spray glue or
  • Two-sided adhesive tape
  • Possibly insulating mat
  • Possible floor leveling compound
  • spacer
  • Cutter or wallpaper knife
  • Wood or metal angle
  • cutting bar
  • vacuum cleaner

1. Level the floor

If you are laying vinyl flooring, you will need a very smooth surface, except for precast panels with backing. When laying PVC or vinyl on tiles, the joints must be leveled in the same way as any unevenness that exceeds two millimeters. Use liquid ground leveling compound.

2. Cleaning

Ensure a clean and permanently dry subfloor on which there are no residues of fats, paints and old adhesives. The screed or leveling compound must meet the substrate requirements of DIN 18365 for flooring work.

3. Cut vinyl

Measure the floor area and decide in which direction the joints should run. In narrow rooms, transversal impacts widen the space optically, but carry the risk of being differentiated during intensive use. For vinyl flooring with an embossed structure, the optical progression decides the laying direction. At the wall edges you should not fall below ten centimeters as the minimum width of the vinyl floor. If necessary, trim strips, sheets or planks on opposite sides of the floor accordingly.

4. Storage

Give the ready-to-install vinyl floor two days "acclimatization time". Place the sheets or plates in a well-tempered room with low humidity.

5. insulation

If you lay a separate insulation, only a partial point fixation or floating installation of the vinyl floor is possible. Cut gaps in the insulation material when using point fixings or adhesive strips. "Clamp" the insulation mats by pressing the recess edges onto the adhesive surfaces of the adhesive strips.

6. Laying

Begin with unchanged room temperature and humidity on a wall side with the placement of the vinyl floor. For plates with click technology, follow the manufacturer's instructions. For self-adhesive backs, stretch about half of the protective film so that you can place, press, and lower each vinyl piece to the edge of the previously glued plate, plank, or web.

Tips & Tricks

When laying a vinyl floor on underfloor heating, pay attention not only to the plastic texture, but also to any adhesives and insulating materials that may be used.


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