Paint walls and ceilings correctly


The painting of walls and ceilings is probably the classic home improvement activity at all. But although painting looks so easy, it takes some skill to paint properly. Otherwise you will not enjoy the newly painted ceilings and walls for a long time. Below we will show you what it takes to paint properly.

Painting walls is more important than ever

To paint a wall or a ceiling - "there is nothing there", will surely think one or the other painter on his own. It can go wrong when painting walls and ceilings really much. Especially with the walls of new buildings. Because of the thermal insulation not only special building materials are used here.

The first best color is probably never the right decision

In addition, the concept is designed in many energy-saving new buildings so that the walls influence the room climate. Therefore, the wall must be as open to diffusion. However, conventional emulsion paint is almost vapor impermeable. This is precisely why much has been done wrong in recent years to paint walls and ceilings - even in old buildings.

Emulsion paint - too much praised

With blame is also the fact that conventional emulsion paint is sometimes extremely cheap and therefore the first choice. However, it should be pointed out that actually every color is emulsion paint. Only the colors conventionally used as wall paint are colloquially referred to as emulsion paint - or better expressed: emulsion paint has become colloquially the synonym for conventional wall paint.

Even the color systems offer an enormous variety - and big differences

Therefore, you should first look at the underground carefully. Do you want a dispersion-open coat, own silicate and silicate resin paints as well as silicone dispersion paints. However, pure silicate paints (also known as water glass) silicate with the wall surface. Conventional (colloquial) dispersion paint stops here. In addition, when painting with a different color system, the upper layer of plaster must be removed. In addition, silicate paint is also not suitable for plaster walls.

Emulsion paint literally seals and seals a wall

Only, as already mentioned, the emulsion paint is possibly also the wrong choice, because the wall can not breathe - so that would be preprogrammed mold. You have to deal with some important issues.

  • What is the background?
  • the color should be permeable or not
  • interior
  • outdoors

There are also other aspects that concern the direct characteristics of the area to be painted.

  • the plaster is chalking, strongly absorbent, sanding, brittle etc.
  • do you want to wallpaper on a wallpaper
  • are still old layers of paint on the walls

Properties of plasters

Sandy and brittle plasters may need to be renewed (partially or completely). Highly absorbent plaster needs a deep background, which neutralizes the suction level. But if the surface is too smooth (tiles, for example) you need a primer.

Wallpapers and old paintings

Old wallpapers need to check if they can be (re) painted over. Is the wallpaper already peeling off on wall and floor finishes? Do you feel bubbles when it gets wet? Similarly, the questions arise with old coatings: the color remains on the wall or not? The best way to test this is with an adhesive tape, which you stick on and then jerk off.

You can also test the properties of the plaster.

Scrape it over with a screwdriver
Put water on the wall and watch how fast or how little it moves
Pass your hand over old colors and test whether they are chalking

On the way to the right stroke: mask everything

If you have been able to solve all these questions and can buy paints and primers as well as the necessary accessories, you are already well on the way to painting. Now all surfaces are masked, which should not be painted (door frames, other walls) and end strips removed.

First stroke edges and hard-to-reach areas

After laying out a painter's foil, it starts. First, brush out corners, edges, and finishes generously with a brush. Then start with a paint roller to paint the large areas. The painting work with the brush should protrude into the large areas, so that you can paint "wet in wet" to avoid stains.

Properly repainting brings many benefits for you

To avoid stains, work the paint roller up and down first, then across the left and right in the second pass. This gives you a homogeneous, even and stain-free surface. Conclusion: As you can see, repainting really does require a lot of knowledge about building materials and colors. But then you not only enjoy your painting for a long time, it also has a favorable effect on the indoor climate.

Tips & Tricks

As a tool for the right brushing you have various roles and brushes available. With long stems, telescopic poles kinked or very short you master all the difficulties.

For emulsion paint, better access the more expensive paint, which is labeled according to the latest DIN-EN standards. All other descriptions such as "washable" without the corresponding DIN-EN standards say nothing.

With the price definitely the quality of emulsion paint increases, because instead of the cheap and largely useless fillers more of the expensive pigments (for color brilliance) and the binders (color properties such as flow, drip, set, etc.) are used. This also means less ink consumption and below the line less required color with higher opacity and color brilliance.


Video Board: HOW TO paint ceilings FAST and like a professional PAINTER