Painting walls succeeds with thorough preparation and execution

The painting of walls is one of the obviously less demanding manual work. However, the result often shows that professional painters produce better results than laymen. With proper preparation, good work materials and proper technology walls can be perfectly painted themselves.

Colors and color choices

Wall paints can be made by adding tinting in white base color, can be bought ready mixed or freshly mixed in the hardware store or in the paint shop. The basic color, normally white, is available in different quality levels. The most important feature is the color particles, which range from dull veiled white to bright clear white.

When asked in which color the wall should be painted, the so-called RAL color system is the planning basis. The color register lists over 1600 shades that can be precisely created by professional blenders. Only the color white is represented with the gradations of cream, gray, pure, satin matt, signal and traffic white.

If a wall is painted in color, the color selection can be made with a color fan. It should be noted that the pattern fields printed on the plastic tabs do not always correspond to the actual effect on the wall. If in doubt, always put a small test sample in front of you.

Select color types and properties correctly

In the majority of cases, emulsion paint is used when applying and painting walls. They consist of an emulsion of synthetic resin and water. Aggregates according to standardized specifications distinguish between interior and exterior or facade paints. A paint for painting a wall should not be used indoors. Instead of synthetic resin, natural emulsion paints contain vegetable oils. They are more expensive because they are not mass produced and can be less color stable.

Other possible color types with special properties are:

  • Lime colors produce dull shades and can not be used on plaster and paper
  • Glazes are partially transparent and background structures remain visible
  • Latex paints are abrasion and water resistant
  • Mineral paints are natural, environmentally friendly and hard to work with
  • Silicate paints are toxic, water-resistant, mold-resistant and can be wiped off

Tools and tools

The equipment has a decisive influence on the success in painting walls. The basic equipment includes:

paint bucket

clean, wide enough for a scraper, airtight sealable


clean, made of plastic or metal with side retaining hooks or eyelets


several brush types with different widths and stem lengths


adapted to the color, short pile or with plastic surface, not lint

Painters Quast

for priming, as a distribution tool in the wiping technique


clean wooden or metal rod, also as drill attachment


for covering floors, furniture, windows, doors and other wall surfaces

masking tape

made of crepe to cover parts of the wall, create painted edges and lines for wall patterns and to protect sockets, light switches, door and window frames

Prepare underground

How the application and painting ultimately look and work depends on the smoothness and absorbency of the wall surface. When preparing the smoothing of the walls is usually done with a flush or wallpaper.

The suction behavior must be checked and, if necessary, counterbalanced by priming. In particular, with different materials on a wall such as concrete and putty leveling is important to allow a uniform ink coverage.

Color distribution and uniformity

When applying the paint when applying, there are some methodical tricks and tricks to be observed to avoid streaks and streaks.

The different tools have different ink absorption quantities. Brushes apply more color than rollers. Corners and edges should be re-rolled with the brush as far as possible after applying the paint.

When painting, the working speed should be adjusted to work "wet on wet". If fresh paint meets already dried paint, a visible "double covering" will otherwise disappear. For large areas, several people should paint at the same time.

Effects and patterns

If a wall is painted two-tone, the order should be set beforehand. Generally, a guideline is:

  • first up, then down
  • first bright, then dark
  • first in the middle, then outside

Not always the points are to be kept. But if, for example, first lighter color is painted, the risk of visible traces of adhesive when masking before the follow-on painting is lower. Starting at the top has the advantage that any downturned "noses" can later be swept over.

It is also possible to partially paint a wall. Thus, a well-preserved old paint with a half-height painting with half the work can produce the popular country style.

In nursery and kitchen painting can be made with high gloss for a wipeable protected against splashes wall surface. This seal, also called "elephant skin", must also be applied to old paint by repainting.

Tips & Tricks

If you calculate the required amount of paint per square meter, calculate about 20 percent reserve according to the manufacturer's specification. With unusual color shades or expected heavy use of the wall, a bucket of ready-mixed reserve paint makes sense. Colors keep airtight for years.

Product Image: Drpixel / Shutterstock

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