Paint and paint walls professionally


Painting and painting walls is a classic home improvement. With a little basic knowledge, commitment and craftsmanship your painting result will be in no way inferior to that of a painter. Below you will find valuable tips and detailed instructions for painting your walls.

Before painting: what is the background?

Before you think about the color when painting, you should carefully check the walls and capture their condition. The walls can be as individual as the building itself, so the surface can vary.

  • mineral plaster
  • Dispersion or synthetic resin plaster
  • Plasterboard with gypsum filler
  • Wallpaper (woodchip, pattern, structural or fabric wallpaper)

Paint on mineral plasters

The easiest to brush are, of course, mineral plasters and woodchip wallpaper. However, you also need to closely inspect this particular subfloor. Moisten old coatings well and then spread a cloth over them. Disconnect after 10, 20 seconds. If exfoliated paint is on the cloth, you must first remove the old paint. You can also do this test with a well-adhered tape.

The consistency of the wall determines the extent of repair and priming requirements

Then pass your hand over a non-moistened wall area. If your hand becomes dusty, the wall will chalk and you will have to choose an appropriate wall color. Drill holes and minor plaster damage can be closed with repair filler. For larger areas you should use the original plaster if possible. If the wall also absorbs the previously applied water very quickly, you must provide the walls with a deep foundation before painting. Otherwise, the moisture of the paint quickly absorbs, it emaciates and does not bind well.

Paint on wallpaper

Also check a wallpaper like that. In addition, you must check the upper and lower end edges for detachment and stick with glue if necessary. With textured wallpapers you must be aware that a wall paint will not cover the relief-like structure. Also, you can not simply paint with metal or fabric wallpaper wall paint. Fabric is very absorbent, while on a metal wallpaper no color will adhere. The removal of such wallpaper is therefore recommended.

Painting on plasterboard walls

Plasterboard walls are peeled off with a plaster filler. Depending on the quality level, such a wall can then be used in quality grades Q1 to Q4, either for laying tiles or painting wall paint, and in Q4 even for paints. Your wall must be at least level Q3. If you run your hand over the wall and feel bumps, you will see them after painting. In such a case you have to continue filling and sanding. In addition, the plaster filler is very absorbent, so it needs a deep background.

The different color systems for painting the wall

  • silicate paint
  • Silicate emulsion paint
  • emulsion paint
  • Silicate resin paint
  • Reinacrylatfarbe

Going into all the color systems in detail would now go beyond the scope. However, the colors can be classified briefly:

silicate paint

Silicate paint is probably one of the best systems in terms of properties. The color is permeable, so that the underlying plaster can regulate the humidity of the room. The color merges with the surface, so to speak, it is called Verkieseln. This must be a mineral underground. However, gypsum is an exception, as the paint can not be silicified here. In addition, the color must be mixed mostly.

Silicate emulsion paint

This color has nothing directly to do with silicate or emulsion paint. Also, silicate dispersion paint is somewhat open to diffusion, but not to the same extent as silicate paint. The processing is easier and can be applied to many surfaces.

emulsion paint

Emulsion paint has been the standard for painting for many years. However, this color is not permeable, so that the underlying plaster or masonry can not influence the indoor climate. But this color is washable and usually also resistant to abrasion. Also striking is the attractive price.

Silicate resin and pure acrylic paint

These color systems again have good properties, but are much more expensive to buy.

The tool for painting the wall

Of course you also need some tools for painting.

  • Color mixing bucket
  • Stirrer top drill with whisk
  • grates
  • Roll (lamb pile, foam, flocked)
  • Quast (painter brush)
  • Paintbrush (long, straight and angled)
  • Universal extension
  • easel
  • cover
  • Masking tape

The painting techniques when wall painting

First of all, brush the corners and edges generously into the open area with brushes and puff. However, do not stroke all the edges and edges at once. You paint the free wall surface with the paint roller, in addition the corners and edges should still be well damp, because in order to achieve a good, homogeneous color picture, you must paint wet in wet.

First, roll the walls literally across and across to blend the color well. Finally, paint the wall with the scooter up and down. As you remove the tape, wait until the paint has almost completely dried. This does not work and the paint can not peel off.

Tips & Tricks

If you want to work with contrasting colors (several colors), paint the offset surface after masking with the adhesive tape again in the base color. So gaps between wall and tape are closed and the second color can not run underneath.

Not every color is compatible with other systems. That is, walls painted with certain color systems can not be painted with any color system.

On a woodchip wallpaper you should apply a maximum of six coats. Thereafter, the wallpaper must be removed when pending painting again.


Video Board: 5 Tips Rolling Walls. Professional Interior Painting.