Washing machine - what comes in where

It can be found in every household, but by now not every family member can operate a washing machine properly. In particular, the question arises when you open the detergent compartment, which actually comes in where. Also, why there are a total of three subjects and one is also without expiration, irritated many. Afterwards we will explain what comes in your washing machine. We also give information on the polarizing question washing powder or liquid detergent and softener.

Efficient washing starts with the washing machine load

The fact that the dirty laundry comes in the drum, of course, is clear to everyone. But even with the amount of laundry begin the problems. The washing machine should be optimally filled for optimum washing results, ie at the maximum specified by the manufacturer. By no means may the washing machine be overcharged, as the laundry will not be properly clean. Here we explain what can happen if the washing machine is too full.

Dosing from the detergent

But while the loading of the washing machine is still relatively simple - it is optimally filled, when about one hand wide (standing) air in the loose-filled drum, the dosing of detergent quite challenging. Without wanting to offend anyone, but even many housewives and housekeepers dose and fill the detergent is not wrong, but not optimal.

But it is important to know the three subjects that hide in the detergent compartment:

  • Detergent compartment for pre-wash (usually marked with a Roman I)
  • Detergent compartment for main wash (usually marked with a Roman II)
  • Softener compartment without drain (often with a flower symbol)

The detergent compartment for prewash

Detergents were significantly underperforming just a few decades ago. In particular, high temperatures were necessary and the laundry had to be preprocessed - via the prewash. However, the surfactants of modern detergents are extremely effective. Even high temperatures for washing (95 degrees Celsius) are no longer necessary. This allows you to completely ignore the detergent compartment for pre-wash.

The detergent compartment for the main wash

Dose exactly as recommended by the manufacturer. Too little detergent is just as bad as too much detergent. Because here is not "better more than too little". On the contrary: the surfactants do not completely dissolve and you will have to struggle with detergent residues in your laundry.

Directly into the laundry or into the detergent compartment?

The detergent compartment for the main wash should also be neglected. For many detergents, up to 10 percent of the cleaning agent seep into the drain hose and the drain pump - unused. Some machines have corresponding locks, but not all. In addition, the detergent also sticks the Einspülkasten.

Clearly preferably in the drum

You must therefore clean the container and its inlet regularly. If you do not comply, bacteria and mold spores can be the result, as they feed on the detergent residues. Therefore, it makes sense to put the detergent directly in the drum. There are detergent balls, but you can also use an old stocking. You will also find so-called eco bags in the trade.

Softener compartment without drain

The drawer without drain is for the softener. If the time comes for the softener, it is simply rinsed out of the container. It is not recommended to put the softener directly into the laundry, as the laundry often becomes noticeably soapy. Alternatively, you can also use a detergent ball that slowly releases the fabric softener.

Fabric softeners only soak your laundry

However, you should always reconsider the use of fabric conditioners. Because the laundry is not just soapy when you put the softener directly into the drum. This "becoming soapy" is exactly the working principle of a softener.

Fabric softeners are not necessarily a blessing

This is due to cationic surfactants that adhere to the fiber. Surely you have ever seen a completely soaped washcloth. He too is very soft. That's why. Only very few people know that they soap their laundry with fabric softeners.

However, this results in numerous disadvantages:

  • the fabric conditioner is permanently in skin contact (allergies) after washing
  • the permanent contact can be carcinogenic
  • the effect of detergents is reduced on the next wash
  • Fibers can absorb only about two-thirds less water
Use of fabric softeners: higher detergent consumption

Detergents contain anionic surfactants. These are disassembled and consumed according to the amount of dirt. If laundry is now soft-rinsed, the washing powder also takes over the task of washing the fabric softener out of the laundry. For this purpose, a large part of the surfactants contained is used (wasted) and is no longer available for the actual cleaning process.

Liquid or powder detergent

Which detergent should be used now - here opinions are strongly polarized. Basically, liquid detergents are worse. They settle down to a slimy coating in the feed from the detergent box. In addition, they contain less effective surfactants because they are only available in powder form.

Exceptions: washing machines with jet system

Although you should preferably use washing powder to dispense with liquid detergents, they are useful in a certain washing machine technology. It is about the jet system developed by Zanussi with a second drain pump. Washing powder settles in the second pump and leads to faster wear. But that only applies to jet systems!

Tips & Tricks

Fabric softeners are only used because the laundry can be so hard after drying. This stiffness of the textile fibers can be eliminated quickly. It arises when items of laundry are dried on a leash without movement. Shake your laundry vigorously after drying - as many grandmothers have already done - and the laundry will be just as soft and fluffy as with fabric softeners.

But it can also result in a hard fiber by lime. Dry very wet laundry on a leash, fix the ingredients of water in the laundry. If you live in a region with very hard water, you can prevent this problem with vinegar in the washing machine. Just put two caps of vinegar in the softener drawer before washing. In addition, vinegar still has an antibacterial effect.

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