Which types of wood are used for planks

The oak floorboard is certainly the classic. In addition, however, a variety of other types of wood for planks are used. Which woods are used where, and what constitutes their typical character, you can read here.

Solid wood flooring and multi-layer planks

There are differences in the use of wood species in the production of the plank.

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring has become rare today. Such floorboards are made of solid wood and are therefore particularly heavy. Installing such a floorboard also requires a stable, load-bearing base. Modern, lightweight ceiling constructions are often no longer designed for such a weight.

Multi-layer boards

Multi-layer planks consist, as the name implies, of several layers. Only the top layer ("wear layer") consists of solid solid wood. This usage layer is usually only 2.5 mm to a maximum of 6 mm thick.

This also leads to a significantly lower life of the plank floor. Due to the low height of the wear layer, the ground can only be sanded down once or three times and thus processed.

The base layer consists of cheaper, inferior wood, under which, in some cases, a so-called back-up can be attached, which prevents the plank from "working" and warping in the event of temperature or humidity fluctuations.

Traditional woods in solid wood planks

For solid wood flooring, coniferous woods are traditionally used. This is because the prices for comparatively soft softwood have always been somewhat lower than for the harder and more valuable hardwoods.

Traditionally installed were therefore mainly:

  • Spruce (very cheap)
  • Fir (rare)
  • pine
  • larch

not so rare were earlier also already imported woods to be found. Especially since the turn of the century after the 19th century, however, Pitch Pine and OregonPine were often used in very modern buildings, both imported Douglas-fir species.

oak floor

The highest quality, hardest and most durable plank floor is certainly the oak floor. He is considered a classic and is the floorboards par excellence. Due to the high price for oak wood, it was previously built only in appropriately luxurious buildings.

Modern woods for solid wood flooring

Today, the number of types of wood used for solid wood floors has risen sharply. Even previously unused deciduous trees can be found today more often.


Douglas fir (or Oregon pine) is increasingly popular indoors and outdoors as a cheap but weatherproof construction, decking and planking. Although it is a bit less hard and durable than many other types of wood, but the cost-effective option. Douglas fir has a light brown to slightly reddish hue.


Maple is light yellow to whitish and very little permanent. Because of its bright hue, it is partly appreciated by modern facilities.


Ash floors are very strong colored and have a distinctive tone with many bright yellow and brown parts. A very hard but light wood.


Also cherry wood is tough, elastic and very resistant. It has a reddish-brown tone that is unmistakable.


This is the walnut tree. Its colors may vary greatly depending on the subspecies and range from golden yellow to dark brown. Walnut wood is pretty hard.


Beechwood is yellowish, but slightly reddish when steamed. Beechwood is heavy and very hard.

Types of wood for multi-layer planks

Since the wear layer is only very thin, with multi-layer planks virtually all kinds of wood can be used. Here you can occasionally also very rare and exotic species of wood in the wear layer.

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