Which extinguisher types are suitable for what?


There are basically two types of fire extinguishers. There is the permanent pressure extinguisher, which is more suitable for the private household and then the charging extinguisher, which is qualitatively much higher quality. However, this extinguisher is at the same time considerably heavier and somewhat harder to handle for the layman.

fire extinguisher types

In the permanent pressure extinguisher, the propellant gas and the extinguishing agent are already mixed. As a result, the fire extinguisher is constantly under pressure, as the name also reveals. For private household this form is very convenient because the extinguishing agent spray out immediately when the shutter button is pressed. However, the maintenance of this fire extinguisher is a bit more expensive.

Types of fire extinguishers:

  • Stored pressure
  • extinguisher

Charging extinguishers - heavy and high quality

In the charge extinguisher propellant and extinguishing agents are separated from each other until extinguishing. Since the propellant gas is stored in a special metallic container extra from the extinguishing agent within the extinguisher, a considerable weight comes together.

The two substances are only mixed when the fire extinguisher is triggered. The charge extinguisher is actually more reliable and of higher quality than the permanent pressure extinguisher.

Filler for fire extinguisher types

Both types of fire extinguishers can be filled with either powder, water or a foam cartridge. Consider in the private household, the powder as a means of extinguishing inside the apartment can cause great damage.

Types of extinguishing agents:

  • water
  • powder
  • foam

Select extinguishing agent for the purpose

Water is hardly ever used to fill fire extinguishers. The hitherto very popular fire extinguisher with powder filling has now been replaced in the apartments rather by the foam extinguisher. This is primarily due to the fact that more and more electronic devices are available in private households.

These devices are usually completely inoperable when the powder extinguisher. Through the fire extinguisher the powder gets into every corner and every corner. And also in the fine electronic components. TV, stereo, laptop and mobile phone are no longer useful after use with the powder extinguisher.

fire class

The fire class differentiates the combustible substances from each other. On the fire extinguisher are the letters for the fire classes for which the extinguisher in question is suitable.

  • Fire class A - solid materials - wood, paper and textiles or car tires
  • Fire class B - liquid substances - paints, wax or gasoline
  • Fire class C - gaseous substances - natural gas or propane
  • Fire class D - metal fire, for example aluminum or magnesium
  • Fire class F - fat - like a fire in the pan or fryer

Tips & Tricks

For the private household should therefore always be used for the reasons described above, a foam extinguisher. It is better to install several small fire extinguishers than a large extinguisher, which you will find difficult to access in an emergency.

For the kitchen you should buy a fire blanket, as it does not need to be maintained and is very effective at a fat burn.


Video Board: Fire Extinguisher Types and Uses | A Fire Extinguisher Guide