What is important for editing wooden beams

When editing wooden beams, it is usually carpentry. Accordingly, in most cases professional tools are required and basic knowledge in woodworking and statics is essential. Since wooden beams are usually several meters long, the editing needs at least two strong people.


In general, a distinction can be made between pure surface treatment and the mechanical intervention in the beam substance. Typical treatments on the surface are:

  • sand
  • To treat
  • plane
  • to brush
  • Lime
  • sandblasting

beams substance

The processing of the beam substance occurs when connections are made, damaged wood is removed and repairs to the wooden beams are required. For both sawing and notching, the grain direction and quality of the wood must be taken into account.

  • Proportion of heartwood
  • sapwood
  • grain
  • Cracks and crevices
  • Ast approaches and holes
  • pore size
  • voltage behavior

When restoring wooden beams, it may be necessary to level, level and fill damaged sections of the beam or extend them.

Required tools and aids

The following aids and tools should be available for processing the wood substance:

1. Availability:

  • Stable scaffolding or ladder for on-site processing
  • Storage table or workbench with locking option, for example with screw clamps

2. sawing

  • Hand or table saw with sufficient cutting depth (circular or band saw)
  • Small auxiliary saws for notches and burr straightening

3. Notching

  • Sharp chisels in different sizes
  • Wooden and carpenter hammer

4. Protection devices

  • Respiratory and eye protection
  • Secured sawing and beating places (not accessible for children and pets)
  • Wood splinterproof work gloves

5. Measuring tools

  • spirit level
  • Tape measure and folding rule
  • protractor
  • depth gauge

6. Support devices

  • props
  • Side slip protection

7. Fire protection

  • Fire-safe disposal containers for shavings, sawdust and splinters
  • Ready to fire extinguisher

Strength and durability checks should always be carried out during the machining process, especially for wooden beams in their original position. The vibrations and tensile forces can lead to a loosening of the beam bearing or reduce the overall load capacity. Regular tapping, pushing and shaking show that the wooden beam is still secure.

Tips & Tricks

When working up to the heat development, consider rotations and fast cutting movements. In addition to damage to the wood, harmful vapors can also form, as old beams were sometimes treated with indefinable impregnating agents. For safety reasons, work with respiratory protection.

Video Board: 3ds Max: Advanced Wood