Plant and care for the dewberry properly

Plant the dewberry in the garden

Plant and care for the dewberry properly: elsbeere

In Germany is the Elsberry has become raresince they are no longer used as firewood. The energy from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas repressed the old energy tree, Today the Elsbeere is literally eking out a shadowy existence in our forests.

From the Caucasus to southern England, from Morocco to Poland, the distribution area of ​​the Elsbeere ranges. Focus of the natural Occurrences are found in France and in the Balkans, On the one hand, the dewberry has become rare in Germany, but it is represented almost everywhere, but not in the northwest German lowlands.

There have been better times for the Elsbeere: Until the end of the 19th century managed many forests especially for the firewood requirement.

The Elsberries were hewn when they were about thick beer, and then knocked out of the stick again. This is called "Niederwaldwirtschaft." Since the Elsbeere also forms root spawn, whose shoots can be 1 m long after one year, it has good starting chances.

Did you also want individual Build up timber or trees with special wood properties promote (such as the Elsbeere because of their hardness), they were allowed to stand for the firewood use: "Mittelwald" is called this management form. Here was the Elsbeere by the Release more of her so much needed light and could additionally develop root spawn, so the competition of the stock swings of other trees "from the trunk hold".

Since firewood no longer plays such a large role, there is hardly any "middle and low-forestry economy." Today's common "high forest" promotes shade tree species. Mixed light tree species such as the dewberry are pushed back. Here is a first Problem why the Elsbeeren today became so rare are.

However, climate change is likely to cause some shade-bearing tree species (such as the beech) problems and Elsbeere thus again more competitive becomes: it endures dryness in the summer better than that similarly good nutrient-supplied soils growing beech. So you should start planting strawberries right now!

Tree of the Year 2011

Dr. Silvius Wodarz, President of the Tree of the Year Foundation, proclaimed the Tree of the Year 2011 on October 28, 10 in Berlin, the elksberry chosen by the Tree of the Year trustees.

Structure with the Elsbeerenholz: silk wood

Elsbeerenholz is slightly similar to his reddish going color tone The pear, however, is often locked (i.e., the grain is wavy and gives the appearance of a refraction of light caused by this Chiaroscuro drawing across the fiber) and therefore more structured than pear wood.

Tough and elastic, firm and easy to polish, the wood is hard and heavy at the same time. In the past, it was often used for parts subject to heavy wear (for example, in the construction of carts, in piano mechanics, etc.). Today will be out Elsbeere veneers for furniture manufactured; they are unique because this wood is so rare. His velvety surface offers a special haptic (i.e., tactile sense of touch) wood experience, therefore it is also called "silkwood".

The prices are on average significantly higher than the otherwise highest-paid species of sycamore maple and walnut. Thus, a record price of about 20,000 € / fm was achieved for a French strawberry strain. However, the Prices of the Elsbeere vary greatly from tribe to tribe - the structure of the wood is very different, unrefined it looks a bit pale.

Locations for the Elsbeere

Rare tree species are generally used by the Deer especially like dogged or swept off the goat, the strong game bite is thus another problem in the rejuvenation of the dewberry.

Because the competitiveness of the Elsberry on (summer) dry, lime and nutrient-rich locations increases significantly, you can get there too without much care obtained as a mixed tree species in the forest.

Waterlogged soil, however, does not tolerate it. In short: Wherever wine grows, the elderberry feels at ease. Not for nothing are their main deposits in Germany on the Rhine, Ahr, Moselle, Neckar and Saale. But also in the Spessart and on the Rhön there are still some Elsbeeren occurrences.

At optimum locations, the dewberry can Trunk diameter of over one meter to reach.

White flowers in spring - 20 years until first bloom

Plant and care for the dewberry properly: plant

Some tree species take decades to become The first time it blossoms, it takes 20 to 25 years for the Elsbeere, End of May to beginning of June appear "Trugdolden", each with about 40 white single flowers.

Self-pollination does not work with the Elsbeere. This raises another problem, which is why Elsbeeren are so rare: you should not be too far apartThe pollinating insects (mostly beetles and hymenopterans like bees) need to fly at least two cranberries for it to work.

But even with cross-pollination, the mortality rate of ovules is still around 80%. So there is not much left - one reason why the Propagation often over root brood happens.

So there are four reasons for the rarity of the Elsbeere: Little old trees due to the no longer usual low and middle forest management, a few fruits (which also like to be eaten by mice after falling off), as well as due to the rarity heavy bite of the few growing seedlings first by mice and if they have nevertheless become small trees, by hares and deer and finally the tendency to "clear up" landscapes in order to remove shady trees on agricultural land.

The dewberry likes it warm

The natural spread of the dewberry shows that they warmth-loving, even heat tolerant is. Therefore, it grows largely on south-exposed, like steep slopes with strong sunlight.

The required heat also limits their altitude distribution: At more than 700 m above sea level, they are barely noticeable. Only in the In the first years, the wild strawberry is shadow-tolerant; soon she will need a lot of light. That's why the dewberry grows more Forest edges or in the open countryside as in the middle of the forest.

Without massive intervention by the foresters, the Elsberry has no chance in the forest. The neighboring trees grow over the crown (only seldom does the dewberry reach a height of more than 25 m and the annals reach an average of less than 50 cm in length, less than their direct competitors, such as maple or oak), it has happened to them.

What already applies to the wood, is also true for the Leaves of the dewberry - they do not look like an egg the other. Some of them look like hawthorn leaves that are too large, while others have the lower lobes spread much more or even become an independent pair of pines, detached from the rest of the leaf. Young leaves are hairy on both sides, later only the leafy nerves are hairy, while the top becomes shiny dark green.

The bark is initially ashen gray and smooth. About the age of 30, she breaks up. Then form by Outer bark scales the "Elsenilöckchen" characteristic of old strawberries.

Firmly rooted

After a start with one Taproot becomes a heart-root system formed with some strong root strands. The diameter of the root system is significantly larger than that of the crown - that's how it is Elsbeeren practically never to loss by storm.

And one can say that the Elsbeere (in addition to its ability to survive summer drought) also faces climate change in terms of increasing storms better prepared is considered to be many of their current competitors (beech, maple).

Noble fruits of the Elsbeeren

"Sorbus torminali" is called the dewberry scientifically - tormina, "Gripes" - the fruit against abdominal pain, for "soft body", as diarrheal diseases used to be called, it was also used against cholera and dysentery and therefore becomes regional too "Ruhr pear" called.

In September, sometimes only in October are the about one centimeter big fruits ripe. Initially, they are yellowish, but then turn reddish and in full maturity brown with light dotting. They are hard at first, a week after the harvest doughy and taste quite dry, floury and sour.

The harvest is extremely time consuming and exhausting because the fruits do not fall off, but must be harvested from long ladders high in the tree. Elsbeeren can also be called Process jam and you can dried fruits in granola eat.

Also, from Elsbeeren a whole special brandy manufacturedwhich is not quite cheap due to the difficult harvest: around four times the price of other brandies is common, so it will easily over € 300 per liter.

In autumn, it shines red and yellow

The Elsbeere is very nice for the Planting in larger gardens and parks as well as in the clear landscapeshe does not just have an a in springpleasantly fragrant blossom to offer, but now in the fall, a brilliant autumn coloration: Their bright, sometimes fiery red turns into orange and finally into yellow nuances.

Especially in the open countryside, the Elsbeeren can grow very impressive tree shapes develop. Therefore, the President of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation and Patroness of the Elsbeere recommends Prof. Dr. med. Beate Jessel especially the Planting, protection and care of this tree species in the open countryside.

Source: DGS.

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