Build conservatory and plan

Conservatory planning and costs

Build conservatory and plan: conservatory

A few centuries ago were in special glass buildings exotic fruits protected from the cold of winter. Today, homeowners enjoy autumn storms, blowing snow or cold spring nights in modern winter gardens, because with their modern constructions, they offer perfect living quality - in summer and in winter.

In particular in terms of energetic optimization Considerable progress has been made in recent years. If you install large glass surfaces in your house today, you do not have to worry about being heated unproductively through the windows: heat protection glazing and modern sealants effectively prevent the loss of energy.

Learn below Everything about the planning and construction of your own conservatory.

Preliminary considerations for conservatory planning

If the winter garden is planned from the beginning, it can be optimally integrated into the floor plan and used for the energy balance of the house. Although the glass living room initially increases the construction costs, later cultivation would prove to be even more costly. The investment pays off not only because of the improved living quality, but also because of the Appreciation of the property. Many home manufacturers now have houses with integrated conservatories in the program.

As the winter garden trade association e.V. (Rosenheim) announces itself, the plant lovers in the winter garden "Unimagined possibilities for the attitude of the various plants", At the same time, the conservatory manufacturer warns: In order to prevent later disappointments in the expected living experience, it should be thoroughly considered and planned before the execution. In addition, you should make sure that professionals perform the work. Building the conservatory involves technical and precision workmanship. Manufacturers and contractors should be asked about references, warranty periods and warranties.

Avoid mistakes when conserving

Build conservatory and plan: build

In the conservatory, plants and people alike should feel comfortable

To build the common mistakes with the conservatory count one wrong location choice and a too small usable area, an unfavorable roof pitch and for conservatories wrong cover material.

Also defective foundations and floor coverings, Heat loss, cold bridges and misted windows as well as inadequate heating, ventilation and shading can negatively affect the climate in the conservatory. A good room climate is crucial for both the people and the plants in the conservatory.

Building regulations for conservatories

The residential winter garden is in accordance with the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) a building section with "normal indoor temperatures" (heated for at least four months, to at least 19 degrees Celsius) and has to meet stricter standards than a building section with "low indoor temperatures" (12 to 19 degrees Celsius).

The limits apply to construction and insulation. Absolutely to note is the thermic separation: What is not normally heated living space is, in the view of the EnEV "outside" and must be heat-sealable from this through lockable doors.

Further regulations:

  • Stability and breakage: The winter garden has to withstand loads caused by wind, snow and rain, stability must be guaranteed according to DIN 1055; The lower windows of the roof glazing must be made of laminated safety glass (LSG).
  • Traffic safety: Depending on the federal state, the distances between a conservatory and the neighboring property must be 0.8 to 1 times the wall height, but at least 3 to 2.5 meters. There are exceptions between terraced and semi-detached houses.
  • Fire protection: Escape routes from the winter garden must be provided, as well as access for the fire brigade. If the minimum distance to the neighbor can not be maintained, the walls / glass walls must be designed in fire protection class F 90 (the conservatory walls must be able to withstand a fire for 90 minutes).

Location of the conservatory

Build conservatory and plan: glass

Winter garden over corner

The location of the conservatory is crucial: Every direction has advantages and disadvantages. In case of an unfavorable orientation of the conservatory construction site, an over-corner construction may also make sense: This has two zones for solar radiation and offers both sun-hungry and shadow-loving plants habitat.

North facing

For a home office, a studio or a studio, the north side of the house offers. The Glass cultivation acts as a climate buffer and protection for the entrance. The energy savings are then in comparison as high as the positive energy absorption by solar rays from the south.

East facing

On the east side you can already enjoy the sun in the morning for breakfast. Since this place is protected from the hot afternoon sun, there is no overheating even in midsummer with adequate ventilation and shading. Thus, the east-facing winter garden also serves well as a workplace. For plants there are also ideal lighting conditions here.

South facing

The well most popular orientation is the south. Here, the glass construction paths of the long solar irradiation time can be used in many ways - even in winter. In midsummer, however, it quickly comes to heat accumulation. That's why shading and ventilation systems must be planned.

West Location

The western situation should only in emergency" to get voted. In summer, the temperature rises here by the additional evening sun to an unbearable level, in winter, however, the sparse sunbeams bring little benefit. Therefore, you should provide sufficient protection in the west and install a heater.

Conservatory construction: thermal insulation and materials

When choosing the glass for a winter garden you should go up most modern heat protection glazing with two or three-layer glass surfaces with gas filling. In the case of glass roofs, laminated safety glass is required in any case.

Conservatory build from wood

Thermally and structurally excellent is wood. In order to guarantee the carrying capacity and to counteract possible distortion, laminated beams are generally used. These consist of several firmly glued and pressed boards.

The weak point of wood is however the weather resistance: About every four years, the wood profile outside the conservatory needs a new protective coating. Therefore, it is now often combined with an aluminum shell, which keeps harmful weather from the wood.

Conservatory made of aluminum or plastic

Build conservatory and plan: glass

Winter garden made of aluminum

Aluminum as a building material is slightly more expensive and is obtained with a high energy input, which impairs its ecological balance. It is a good conductor of heat, The frame with its numerous chambers can be foamed against heat losses. Conservatories made of aluminum are durable and easy to clean. The surfaces are available in all RAL colors.

Another alternative is the Conservatory made of plastic: The plastic profiles are very easy to clean, easy to assemble and are highly resistant. The disadvantage is the less natural look.

Automatic conservatory: control systems and sensors

Build conservatory and plan: conservatory

Automatic conservatory

A fully equipped conservatory with shading, heating and ventilation features numerous roller shutter motors, ventilation flaps and valves. Keeping track of all of these can be very time consuming. A computerized control unit relieves the user of this work by means of temperature sensors, anemometer and solar sensors. If the house and winter garden are closely connected, it is worthwhile to have a BUS system that takes care of the complete climate management. Modern solutions can also be operated remotely on the PC, via the Internet or via mobile apps.

Automatically controlled blinds, awnings and screens ensure a good climate in the winter garden in the summer and protect plants and residents from too much harmful sunlight. The operation and control of the blinds should be quiet and gentle on the cloth or slats. Precipitation and solar sensors provide precise control, a thermostat connected to these sensors controls the heating in winter and ventilation and shading in summer.

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Video Board: Building Control: Case Studies of Conservatories